AESVT(1) - man page online | user commands

Simple version tool.

aesvt(1)                                                                                 aesvt(1)

NAME aesvt - simple version tool
SYNOPSIS aesvt -CHeck_Out -HIstory file -File output-file [ -e edit ] aesvt -CHeck_In -HIstory file -File input-file [ -e edit ] [ name=value ...] aesvt -List -HIstory file aesvt -Query -HIstory file aesvt -Version
DESCRIPTION The aesvt program may be used to manage history version files. This is a minimalist his‐ tory tool, which makes no provision for managing a work area. It is able to cope with binary files, and with reasonable efficiently if they are not too large. It has good end-to-end properties because it keeps a checksum for each file version, and a checksum for the whole history file. There is no provision for keyword substitution of any kind. A check-out will exactly reproduce the input file. A check-in will never alter the input file.
OPTIONS The following options are understood: -History history-file This option is used to specify the name of the history file. -File file-name This option is used to specify the name of the input or output file. On check- out, the file name "-" is understood to mean the standard output. There is no equivalent for check-in. -Edit edit-number This option is used to specify the edit number (version number). On check-out, if no version number is specified, the most recent version is given. On check- in, if no version number is specifiued (and it usually isn't), the previous ver‐ sion will have one added to it, or version 1 will be used if this is the first check-in. -CHeck_In This option is used to check a file into the history. -CHeck_Out This option is used to check-out a file from the history. -compression-algorithm name This option may be used to specify the compression to be used. They are listed on order of compression effeciency. none Use no compression (not always meaningful for all commands). gzip Use the compression used by the gzip(1) program. bzip2 Use the compression used by the bzip2(1) program. More compression algorithms may be added in the future. -COMPress This option is deprecated in favour of the -comp-alg=gzip or -comp-alg=bzip2 options. -No_COMPress This options is deprecated in favour of the -comp-alg=none option. -List This option is used to list the file's history. -Query This option is used to query edit number of most recent check-in. -Version This option is used to print version number. All other options will produce a diagnostic error. See also aegis(1) for options common to all aegis commands. All options may be abbreviated; the abbreviation is documented as the upper case letters, all lower case letters and underscores (_) are optional. You must use consecutive sequences of optional letters. All options are case insensitive, you may type them in upper case or lower case or a com‐ bination of both, case is not important. For example: the arguments "-project, "-PROJ" and "-p" are all interpreted to mean the -Project option. The argument "-prj" will not be understood, because consecutive optional characters were not supplied. Options and other command line arguments may be mixed arbitrarily on the command line, after the function selectors. The GNU long option names are understood. Since all option names for aesvt are long, this means ignoring the extra leading '-'. The "--option=value" convention is also understood.
EXIT STATUS The aesvt command will exit with a status of 1 on any error. The aesvt command will only exit with a status of 0 if there are no errors.
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES See aegis(1) for a list of environment variables which may affect this command. See aep‐ conf(5) for the project configuration file's project_specific field for how to set envi‐ ronment variables for all commands executed by Aegis.
FILE FORMAT Each version in the history file consists of an RFC822 header, plus the file contents. The header includes (at least) the Content-Length, used to remember the length of the file data in bytes; the Checksum, used to remember the Adler32 checksum of the file data; and Version, used to remember the version number. The file data can be text or binary, because its length is determined by the header. There is no quoting mechanism of any kind for the data. Except for the mandatory fields, additional user-defined us-ascii meta-data may also be stored in the header. There is no diff or delta of any kind for any version. This combination of header and data has good end-to-end behaviour, because there is a checksum to validate the file data against. Bad blocks in the data will be detected then next time a check-in or check-out is attempted. The format of the history file consists of one or more file versions with the above lay‐ out, joined head-to-tail with no separators or boundary indicators of any kind. The ver‐ sions are in descending order, from most recent (greatest edit number) to least recent (version number one). To determine where one version stops and the next version starts, use the Content-Length field in the header. The entire history file is then compressed using the bunzip2 algorithm (via libbz2). There is no diff or delta of any kind in the history file. The advantage of compressing the file is that there is usually a very high redundancy between file versions. For example, if two identical versions are checked in (not neces‐ sarily sequentially) the second copy will compress to only a few bytes. Unlike diff(1) style deltas, this also copes very will with moving blocks of data within the file. The use of bunzip2 formatting means there is also a checksum for the whole history file, which allows you to detect bad blocks in the header portions; it also means there is a simple way to extract the data from a history file even without the aesvt program, or for testing, or because you are curious. You can actually choose from a number of compression algorithms, including GNU Zip and bunzip2, via the -compression-algorithm option. More copmpresison algoritthms may be added in the future. The best available comression is used, because this results in the most compact history files. Future versions will always be able to access the compres‐ sion used by earlier versions. End-To-End Issues See also Saltzer, J.H. et al (1981) End-to-end arguments in system design, Xdelta This style of history file was inspired by RFC 3284 - The VCDIFF Generic Differencing and Compression Data Format. While the aesvt format does not use RFC3284 internally, the arguments for compression across file versions are just as relevant.
AUTHOR Peter Miller E-Mail: /\/\* WWW:
Reference Manual Aegis aesvt(1)
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aesvt(1) referred by
refer to aegis(1) | bzip2(1) | conf(5) | diff(1) | gzip(1)