XCONSORTIUM(7) Miscellaneous Information Manual XCONSORTIUM(7)
XConsortium - X Consortium information
Releases 6.0 through 6.3 of X Version 11 were brought to you by the X Consortium, Inc.
The X Consortium was an independent, not-for-profit Delaware membership corporation. It
was formed in 1993 as the successor to the MIT X Consortium. The purpose of the X Consor‐
tium was to foster the development, evolution, and maintenance of the X Window System, a
comprehensive set of vendor-neutral, system-architecture neutral, network-transparent win‐
dowing and user interface standards.
The X Window System was created in the mid-1980s at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech‐
nology. In 1988, MIT formed a member-funded consortium to provide the technical and
administrative leadership necessary to support further development of the X Window System.
In 1992, MIT and the membership decided it was in their best interests to move the consor‐
tium out of MIT and create an independent, stand-alone organization. All rights to the X
Window System were assigned by MIT to X Consortium, Inc. on January 1, 1994. X Consor‐
tium, Inc. closed its doors on December 31, 1996. All rights to the X Window System have
been assigned to the Open Software Foundation.
The X Consortium was financially self-supporting through membership fees. There are no
license fees associated with the use of X Window System standards and code developed by
the X Consortium. Membership in the X Consortium was open to any organization willing to
execute a membership agreement.
The X Consortium was a highly participative body. Members were encouraged to actively
cooperate with the staff and other members in the design and review of proposed specifica‐
tions, and in the design, coding and testing of sample implementations of those specifica‐
The X Consortium accomplished most of its work using electronic mail over the Internet,
with individual mailing lists for working groups. Internet electronic mail connectivity
was viewed as a requirement for useful participation in X Consortium activities. Meetings
were held as necessary, often in conjunction with industry conferences and trade shows.
Director of Marketing:
Director of Engineering:
Manager, X Window System:
Matt Landau, emeritus
Technical Director, X Window System:
Technical Staff, X Window System:
Donna Converse, emeritus
Stephen Gildea, emeritus
Arnaud Le Hors
Ralph Mor, emeritus
Dave Wiggins, emeritus
Managers, CDE Development:
Peter Bohnert, emeritus
Manager, CDE Quality Engineering:
Daniel Dardailler, emeritus
Technical Staff, CDE Development:
Technical Staff, CDE Quality Engineering:
Manager, Systems Administration:
Technical Staff, Systems Administration:
Amy Rich, emeritus
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
The X Consortium's activities and affairs were managed under the direction and oversight
of a Board of Directors, elected annually by the Members. The Board was responsible for
reviewing the achievements of the Consortium, approving planned work, appointing a Presi‐
dent and other officers of the Consortium, and setting membership dues. The last Direc‐
Robert W. Scheifler, President, X Consortium
Dr. Forest Baskett, Senior VP of R&D, Silicon Graphics Computer Systems
Harold D. Blair, Apogee International Corp.
Roger S. Gourd, Gourd & Associates
Dr. Robin Hillyard, Chairman and Chief Technical Officer, Novasoft Systems
Don McGovern, General Operations Manager and Executive Dir., Hewlett Packard
Peter J. Shaw, Senior VP, NetManage
Michael Tobias, President, Tech-Source, Inc.
To reach the X Consortium public Wide World Web server, use the URL: http://www.x.org/
To reach the X Consortium public ftp machine, use anonymous ftp to: ftp.x.org
Adobe Systems Inc.
Cray Research, Inc.
Digital Equipment Corp.
Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd.
Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme AG
Silicon Graphics, Inc.
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Hummingbird Communications Ltd.
Insignia Solutions, Ltd.
Mercury Interactive Corp.
Network Computing Devices
VisiCom Laboratories, Inc.
Walker Richer & Quinn, Inc.
Hughes Aircraft Company
BARCO Chromatics, Inc.
CenterLine Software, Inc.
Component Integration Laboratories, Inc.
Electronic Book Technologies, Inc.
Gallium Software, Inc.
Georgia Institute of Technology
Human Designed Systems, Inc.
INRIA - Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique
Integrated Computer Solutions, Inc.
Investment Management Services, Inc.
KL Group Inc.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Metro Link, Inc.
Object Management Group, Inc.
Open Software Foundation
Performance Awareness Corp.
Petrotechnical Open Software Corp.
Point Technologies, Inc.
Shiman Associates, Inc.
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
Software Development Corp.
White Pine Software, Inc.
World Wide Web Consortium.
The XFree86 Project, Inc.
X Inside, Inc.
X Version 11 xorg-docs 1.7.1 XCONSORTIUM(7)