SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

APTLY(1) - man page online | user commands

Debian repository management tool.

Chapter
January 2016
APTLY(1)                                                                                 APTLY(1)

NAME aptly - Debian repository management tool
SYNOPSIS Common command format: aptly [global options...] command subcommand [options...] arguments aptly has integrated help that matches contents of this manual page, to get help, prepend help to command name: aptly help mirror create
DESCRIPTION aptly is a tool to create partial and full mirrors of remote repositories, manage local repositories, filter them, merge, upgrade individual packages, take snapshots and publish them back as Debian repositories. aptly’s goal is to establish repeatability and controlled changes in a package-centric environment. aptly allows one to fix a set of packages in a repository, so that package installation and upgrade becomes deterministic. At the same time aptly allows one to per‐ form controlled, fine-grained changes in repository contents to transition your package environment to new version.
CONFIGURATION aptly looks for configuration file first in ~/.aptly.conf then in /etc/aptly.conf and, if no config file found, new one is created in home directory. If -config= flag is specified, aptly would use config file at specified location. Also aptly needs root directory for database, package and published repository storage. If not specified, directory defaults to ~/.aptly, it will be created if missing. Configuration file is stored in JSON format (default values shown below): { "rootDir": "$HOME/.aptly", "downloadConcurrency": 4, "downloadSpeedLimit": 0, "architectures": [], "dependencyFollowSuggests": false, "dependencyFollowRecommends": false "dependencyFollowAllVariants": false, "dependencyFollowSource": false, "gpgDisableSign": false, "gpgDisableVerify": false, "downloadSourcePackages": false, "ppaDistributorID": "ubuntu", "ppaCodename": "", "S3PublishEndpoints": { "test": { "region": "us-east-1", "bucket": "repo", "endpoint": "", "awsAccessKeyID": "", "awsSecretAccessKey": "", "prefix": "", "acl": "public-read", "storageClass": "", "encryptionMethod": "", "plusWorkaround": false, "disableMultiDel": false } }, "SwiftPublishEndpoints": { "test": { "container": "repo", "osname": "", "password": "", "prefix": "", "authurl": "", "tenant": "", "tenantid": "" } } } Options: rootDir is root of directory storage to store database (rootDir/db), downloaded packages (rootDir/pool) and published repositories (rootDir/public) downloadConcurrency is a number of parallel download threads to use when downloading packages downloadSpeedLimit limit in kbytes/sec on download speed while mirroring remote repositieis architectures is a list of architectures to process; if left empty defaults to all available architectures; could be overridden with option -architectures dependencyFollowSuggests follow contents of Suggests: field when processing dependencies for the package dependencyFollowRecommends follow contents of Recommends: field when processing dependencies for the package dependencyFollowAllVariants when dependency looks like package-a | package-b, follow both variants always dependencyFollowSource follow dependency from binary package to source package gpgDisableSign don’t sign published repositories with gpg(1), also can be disabled on per-repo basis using -skip-signing flag when publishing gpgDisableVerify don’t verify remote mirrors with gpg(1), also can be disabled on per-mirror basis using -ignore-signatures flag when creating and updating mirrors downloadSourcePackages if enabled, all mirrors created would have flag set to download source packages; this setting could be controlled on per-mirror basis with -with-sources flag ppaDistributorID, ppaCodename specifies paramaters for short PPA url expansion, if left blank they default to output of lsb_release command S3PublishEndpoints configuration of Amazon S3 publishing endpoints (see below) SwiftPublishEndpoints configuration of OpenStack Swift publishing endpoints (see below)
S3 PUBLISHING ENDPOINTS aptly could be configured to publish repository directly to Amazon S3 (or S3-compatible cloud storage). First, publishing endpoints should be described in aptly configuration file. Each endpoint has name and associated settings: region Amazon region for S3 bucket (e.g. us-east-1) bucket bucket name endpoint (optional) when using S3-compatible cloud storage, specify hostname of service end‐ point here, region is ignored if endpoint is set (set region to some human-readable name) (should be left blank for real Amazon S3) prefix (optional) do publishing under specified prefix in the bucket, defaults to no pre‐ fix (bucket root) acl (optional) assign ACL to published files (one of the canned ACLs in Amazon termi‐ nology). Useful values: private (default) or public-read (public repository). Pub‐ lic repositories could be consumed by apt using HTTP endpoint (Amazon bucket should be configured for "website hosting"), for private repositories special apt S3 transport is required. awsAccessKeyID, awsSecretAccessKey (optional) Amazon credentials to access S3 bucket. If not supplied, environment variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY are used. storageClass (optional) Amazon S3 storage class, defaults to STANDARD. Other values available: REDUCED_REDUNDANCY (lower price, lower redundancy) encryptionMethod (optional) server-side encryption method, defaults to none. Currently the only available encryption method is AES256 plusWorkaround (optional) workaround misbehavior in apt and Amazon S3 for files with + in filename by creating two copies of package files with + in filename: one original and another one with spaces instead of plus signs With plusWorkaround enabled, package files with plus sign would be stored twice. aptly might not cleanup files with spa‐ ces when published repository is dropped or updated (switched) to new version of repository (snapshot) disableMultiDel (optional) for S3-compatible cloud storages which do not support MultiDel S3 API, enable this setting (file deletion would be slower with this setting enabled) In order to publish to S3, specify endpoint as s3:endpoint-name: before publishing prefix on the command line, e.g.: aptly publish snapshot wheezy-main s3:test:
OPENSTACK SWIFT PUBLISHING ENDPOINTS aptly could be configured to publish repository directly to OpenStack Swift. First, pub‐ lishing endpoints should be described in aptly configuration file. Each endpoint has name and associated settings: container container name prefix (optional) do publishing under specified prefix in the container, defaults to no prefix (container root) osname, password (optional) OpenStack credentials to access Keystone. If not supplied, environment variables OS_USERNAME and OS_PASSWORD are used. tenant, tenantid (optional) OpenStack tenant name and id (in order to use v2 authentication). authurl (optional) the full url of Keystone server (including port, and version). example http://identity.example.com:5000/v2.0 In order to publish to Swift, specify endpoint as swift:endpoint-name: before publishing prefix on the command line, e.g.: aptly publish snapshot jessie-main swift:test:
PACKAGE QUERY Some commands accept package queries to identify list of packages to process. Package query syntax almost matches reprepro query language. Query consists of the following sim‐ ple terms: direct package reference reference to exaclty one package. Format is identical to the way aptly lists pack‐ ages in show commands with -with-packages flag: name_version_arch, e.g.: libmysql‐ client18_5.5.35-rel33.0-611.squeeze_amd64 dependency condition syntax follows Debian dependency specification: package_name followed by optional version specification and architecture limit, e.g: mysql-client (>= 3.6). query against package fields syntax is the same as for dependency conditions, but instead of package name field name is used, e.g: Priority (optional). Supported fields: ○ all field names from Debian package control files are supported except for Filename, MD5sum, SHA1, SHA256, Size, Files, Checksums-SHA1, Checksums-SHA256. ○ $Source is a name of source package (for binary packages) ○ $SourceVersion is a version of source package ○ $Architecture is Architecture for binary packages and source for source packages, when matching with equal (=) operator, package with any architecture matches all architec‐ tures but source. ○ $Version has the same value as Version, but comparison operators use Debian version precedence rules ○ $PackageType is deb for binary packages and source for source packages Operators: = strict match, default operator is no operator is given >=, <=, =, >> (strictly greater), << (strictly less) lexicographical comparison for all fields and special rules when comparing package versions % pattern matching, like shell patterns, supported special symbols are: [^]?*, e.g.: $Version (% 3.5-*) ~ regular expression matching, e.g.: Name (~ .*-dev) Simple terms could be combined into more complex queries using operators , (and), | (or) and ! (not), parentheses () are used to change operator precedence. Match value could be enclosed in single (’) or double (") quotes if required to resolve ambiguity, quotes inside quoted string should escaped with slash (\). Examples: mysql-client matches package mysql-client of any version and architecture (including source), also matches packages that Provide: mysql-client. mysql-client (>= 3.6) matches package mysql-client with version greater or equal to 3.6. Valid operators for version are: >=, <=, =, >> (strictly greater), << (strictly less). mysql-client {i386} matches package mysql-client on architecture i386, architecture all matches all architectures but source. mysql-client (>= 3.6) {i386} version and architecture conditions combined. libmysqlclient18_5.5.35-rel33.0-611.squeeze_amd64 direct package reference. $Source (nginx) all binary packages with nginx as source package. !Name (~ .*-dev), mail-transport, $Version (>= 3.5) matches all packages that provide mail-transport with name that has no suffix -dev and with version greater or equal to 3.5. When specified on command line, query may have to be quoted according to shell rules, so that it stays single argument: aptly repo import percona stable ’mysql-client (>= 3.6)’
PACKAGE DISPLAY FORMAT Some aptly commands (aptly mirror search, aptly package search, ...) support -format flag which allows to customize how search results are printed. Golang templates are used to specify display format, with all package stanza fields available to template. In addition to package stanza fields aptly provides: Key internal aptly package ID, unique for all packages in aptly (combination of Short‐ Key and FilesHash). FilesHash hash that includes MD5 of all packages files. ShortKey package ID, which is unique in single list (mirror, repo, snapshot, ...), but not unique in whole aptly package collection. For example, default aptly display format could be presented with the following template: {{.Package}}_{{.Version}}_{{.Architecture}}. To display package name with dependencies: {{.Package}} | {{.Depends}}. More information on Golang template syntax: http://godoc.org/text/template
GLOBAL OPTIONS -architectures= list of architectures to consider during (comma-separated), default to all avail‐ able -config= location of configuration file (default locations are /etc/aptly.conf, ~/.aptly.conf) -dep-follow-all-variants=false when processing dependencies, follow a & b if dependency is ’a|b’ -dep-follow-recommends=false when processing dependencies, follow Recommends -dep-follow-source=false when processing dependencies, follow from binary to Source packages -dep-follow-suggests=false when processing dependencies, follow Suggests
CREATE NEW MIRROR aptly mirror create name archive url distribution [component1 ...] Creates mirror name of remote repository, aptly supports both regular and flat Debian repositories exported via HTTP and FTP. aptly would try download Release file from remote repository and verify its’ signature. Command line format resembles apt utlitily sources.list(5). PPA urls could specified in short format: $ aptly mirror create name ppa:user/project Example: $ aptly mirror create wheezy-main http://mirror.yandex.ru/debian/ wheezy main Options: -filter= filter packages in mirror -filter-with-deps=false when filtering, include dependencies of matching packages as well -force-components=false (only with component list) skip check that requested components are listed in Release file -ignore-signatures=false disable verification of Release file signatures -keyring= gpg keyring to use when verifying Release file (could be specified multiple times) -with-sources=false download source packages in addition to binary packages -with-udebs=false download .udeb packages (Debian installer support)
LIST MIRRORS aptly mirror list List shows full list of remote repository mirrors. Example: $ aptly mirror list Options: -raw=false display list in machine-readable format
SHOW DETAILS ABOUT MIRROR aptly mirror show name Shows detailed information about the mirror. Example: $ aptly mirror show wheezy-main Options: -with-packages=false show detailed list of packages and versions stored in the mirror
DELETE MIRROR aptly mirror drop name Drop deletes information about remote repository mirror name. Package data is not deleted (since it could still be used by other mirrors or snapshots). If mirror is used as source to create a snapshot, aptly would refuse to delete such mirror, use flag -force to over‐ ride. Example: $ aptly mirror drop wheezy-main Options: -force=false force mirror deletion even if used by snapshots
UPDATE MIRROR aptly mirror update name Updates remote mirror (downloads package files and meta information). When mirror is cre‐ ated, this command should be run for the first time to fetch mirror contents. This command can be run multiple times to get updated repository contents. If interrupted, command can be safely restarted. Example: $ aptly mirror update wheezy-main Options: -download-limit=0 limit download speed (kbytes/sec) -force=false force update mirror even if it is locked by another process -ignore-checksums=false ignore checksum mismatches while downloading package files and metadata -ignore-signatures=false disable verification of Release file signatures -keyring= gpg keyring to use when verifying Release file (could be specified multiple times)
RENAMES MIRROR aptly mirror rename old-name new-name Command changes name of the mirror.Mirror name should be unique. Example: $ aptly mirror rename wheezy-min wheezy-main
EDIT MIRROR SETTINGS aptly mirror edit name Command edit allows one to change settings of mirror: filters, list of architectures. Example: $ aptly mirror edit -filter=nginx -filter-with-deps some-mirror Options: -filter= filter packages in mirror -filter-with-deps=false when filtering, include dependencies of matching packages as well -with-sources=false download source packages in addition to binary packages -with-udebs=false download .udeb packages (Debian installer support)
SEARCH MIRROR FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY aptly mirror search name package-query Command search displays list of packages in mirror that match package query Example: $ aptly mirror search wheezy-main ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’ Options: -format= custom format for result printing -with-deps=false include dependencies into search results
ADD PACKAGES TO LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo add name Command adds packages to local repository from .deb, .udeb (binary packages) and .dsc (source packages) files. When importing from directory aptly would do recursive scan look‐ ing for all files matching .[u]deb or.dsc patterns. Every file discovered would be ana‐ lyzed to extract metadata, package would then be created and added to the database. Files would be imported to internal package pool. For source packages, all required files are added automatically as well. Extra files for source package should be in the same direc‐ tory as *.dsc file. Example: $ aptly repo add testing myapp-0.1.2.deb incoming/ Options: -force-replace=false when adding package that conflicts with existing package, remove existing package -remove-files=false remove files that have been imported successfully into repository
COPY PACKAGES BETWEEN LOCAL REPOSITORIES aptly repo copy src-name dst-name package-query ... Command copy copies packages matching package-query from local repo src-name to local repo dst-name. Example: $ aptly repo copy testing stable ’myapp (=0.1.12)’ Options: -dry-run=false don’t copy, just show what would be copied -with-deps=false follow dependencies when processing package-spec
CREATE LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo create name Create local package repository. Repository would be empty when created, packages could be added from files, copied or moved from another local repository or imported from the mir‐ ror. Example: $ aptly repo create testing Options: -comment= any text that would be used to described local repository -component=main default component when publishing -distribution= default distribution when publishing -uploaders-file= uploaders.json to be used when including .changes into this repository
DELETE LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo drop name Drop information about deletions from local repo. Package data is not deleted (since it could be still used by other mirrors or snapshots). Example: $ aptly repo drop local-repo Options: -force=false force local repo deletion even if used by snapshots
EDIT PROPERTIES OF LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo edit name Command edit allows one to change metadata of local repository: comment, default distribu‐ tion and component. Example: $ aptly repo edit -distribution=wheezy testing Options: -comment= any text that would be used to described local repository -component= default component when publishing -distribution= default distribution when publishing -uploaders-file= uploaders.json to be used when including .changes into this repository
IMPORT PACKAGES FROM MIRROR TO LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo import src-mirror dst-repo package-query ... Command import looks up packages matching package-query in mirror src-mirror and copies them to local repo dst-repo. Example: $ aptly repo import wheezy-main testing nginx Options: -dry-run=false don’t import, just show what would be imported -with-deps=false follow dependencies when processing package-spec
LIST LOCAL REPOSITORIES aptly repo list List command shows full list of local package repositories. Example: $ aptly repo list Options: -raw=false display list in machine-readable format
MOVE PACKAGES BETWEEN LOCAL REPOSITORIES aptly repo move src-name dst-name package-query ... Command move moves packages matching package-query from local repo src-name to local repo dst-name. Example: $ aptly repo move testing stable ’myapp (=0.1.12)’ Options: -dry-run=false don’t move, just show what would be moved -with-deps=false follow dependencies when processing package-spec
REMOVE PACKAGES FROM LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo remove name package-query ... Commands removes packages matching package-query from local repository name. If removed packages are not referenced by other repos or snapshots, they can be removed completely (including files) by running ’aptly db cleanup’. Example: $ aptly repo remove testing ’myapp (=0.1.12)’ Options: -dry-run=false don’t remove, just show what would be removed
SHOW DETAILS ABOUT LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo show name Show command shows full information about local package repository. ex: $ aptly repo show testing Options: -with-packages=false show list of packages
RENAMES LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly repo rename old-name new-name Command changes name of the local repo. Local repo name should be unique. Example: $ aptly repo rename wheezy-min wheezy-main
SEARCH REPO FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY aptly repo search name package-query Command search displays list of packages in local repository that match package query Example: $ aptly repo search my-software ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’ Options: -format= custom format for result printing -with-deps=false include dependencies into search results
ADD PACKAGES TO LOCAL REPOSITORIES BASED ON .CHANGES FILES aptly repo include <file.changes>|directory ... Command include looks for .changes files in list of arguments or specified directories. Each .changes file is verified, parsed, referenced files are put into separate temporary directory and added into local repository. Successfully imported files are removed by default. Additionally uploads could be restricted with <uploaders.json> file. Rules in this file control uploads based on GPG key ID of .changes file signature and queries on .changes file fields. Example: $ aptly repo include -repo=foo-release incoming/ Options: -accept-unsigned=false accept unsigned .changes files -force-replace=false when adding package that conflicts with existing package, remove existing package -ignore-signatures=false disable verification of .changes file signature -keyring= gpg keyring to use when verifying Release file (could be specified multiple times) -no-remove-files=false don’t remove files that have been imported successfully into repository -repo={{.Distribution}} which repo should files go to, defaults to Distribution field of .changes file -uploaders-file= path to uploaders.json file CREATES SNAPSHOT OF MIRROR (LOCAL REPOSITORY) CONTENTS aptly snapshot create name from mirror mirror-name | from repo repo-name | empty Command create name from mirror makes persistent immutable snapshot of remote repository mirror. Snapshot could be published or further modified using merge, pull and other aptly features. Command create name from repo makes persistent immutable snapshot of local repository. Snapshot could be processed as mirror snapshots, and mixed with snapshots of remote mir‐ rors. Command create name empty creates empty snapshot that could be used as a basis for snap‐ shot pull operations, for example. As snapshots are immutable, creating one empty snapshot should be enough. Example: $ aptly snapshot create wheezy-main-today from mirror wheezy-main
LIST SNAPSHOTS aptly snapshot list Command list shows full list of snapshots created. Example: $ aptly snapshot list Options: -raw=false display list in machine-readable format -sort=name display list in ’name’ or creation ’time’ order
SHOWS DETAILS ABOUT SNAPSHOT aptly snapshot show name Command show displays full information about a snapshot. Example: $ aptly snapshot show wheezy-main Options: -with-packages=false show list of packages
VERIFY DEPENDENCIES IN SNAPSHOT aptly snapshot verify name [source ...] Verify does dependency resolution in snapshot name, possibly using additional snapshots source as dependency sources. All unsatisfied dependencies are printed. Example: $ aptly snapshot verify wheezy-main wheezy-contrib wheezy-non-free
PULL PACKAGES FROM ANOTHER SNAPSHOT aptly snapshot pull name source destination package-query ... Command pull pulls new packages along with its’ dependencies to snapshot name from snap‐ shot source. Pull can upgrade package version in name with versions from source following dependencies. New snapshot destination is created as a result of this process. Packages could be specified simply as ’package-name’ or as package queries. Example: $ aptly snapshot pull wheezy-main wheezy-backports wheezy-new-xorg xorg-server-server Options: -all-matches=false pull all the packages that satisfy the dependency version requirements -dry-run=false don’t create destination snapshot, just show what would be pulled -no-deps=false don’t process dependencies, just pull listed packages -no-remove=false don’t remove other package versions when pulling package
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SNAPSHOTS aptly snapshot diff name-a name-b Displays difference in packages between two snapshots. Snapshot is a list of packages, so difference between snapshots is a difference between package lists. Package could be either completely missing in one snapshot, or package is present in both snapshots with different versions. Example: $ aptly snapshot diff -only-matching wheezy-main wheezy-backports Options: -only-matching=false display diff only for matching packages (don’t display missing packages)
MERGES SNAPSHOTS aptly snapshot merge destination source [source...] Merge command merges several source snapshots into one destination snapshot. Merge happens from left to right. By default, packages with the same name-architecture pair are replaced during merge (package from latest snapshot on the list wins). If run with only one source snapshot, merge copies source into destination. Example: $ aptly snapshot merge wheezy-w-backports wheezy-main wheezy-backports Options: -latest=false use only the latest version of each package -no-remove=false don’t remove duplicate arch/name packages
DELETE SNAPSHOT aptly snapshot drop name Drop removes information about a snapshot. If snapshot is published, it can’t be dropped. Example: $ aptly snapshot drop wheezy-main Options: -force=false remove snapshot even if it was used as source for other snapshots
RENAMES SNAPSHOT aptly snapshot rename old-name new-name Command changes name of the snapshot. Snapshot name should be unique. Example: $ aptly snapshot rename wheezy-min wheezy-main
SEARCH SNAPSHOT FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY aptly snapshot search name package-query Command search displays list of packages in snapshot that match package query Example: $ aptly snapshot search wheezy-main ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’ Options: -format= custom format for result printing -with-deps=false include dependencies into search results
FILTER PACKAGES IN SNAPSHOT PRODUCING ANOTHER SNAPSHOT aptly snapshot filter source destination package-query ... Command filter does filtering in snapshot source, producing another snapshot destination. Packages could be specified simply as ’package-name’ or as package queries. Example: $ aptly snapshot filter wheezy-main wheezy-required ’Priorioty (required)’ Options: -with-deps=false include dependent packages as well
REMOVE PUBLISHED REPOSITORY aptly publish drop distribution [[endpoint:]prefix] Command removes whatever has been published under specified prefix, publishing endpoint and distribution name. Example: $ aptly publish drop wheezy Options: -force-drop=false remove published repository even if some files could not be cleaned up
LIST OF PUBLISHED REPOSITORIES aptly publish list Display list of currently published snapshots. Example: $ aptly publish list Options: -raw=false display list in machine-readable format
PUBLISH LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly publish repo name [[endpoint:]prefix] Command publishes current state of local repository ready to be consumed by apt tools. Published repostiories appear under rootDir/public directory. Valid GPG key is required for publishing. Multiple component repository could be published by specifying several components split by commas via -component flag and multiple local repositories as the arguments: aptly publish repo -component=main,contrib repo-main repo-contrib It is not recommended to publish local repositories directly unless the repository is for testing purposes and changes happen frequently. For production usage please take snapshot of repository and publish it using publish snapshot command. Example: $ aptly publish repo testing Options: -batch=false run GPG with detached tty -component= component name to publish (for multi-component publishing, separate components with commas) -distribution= distribution name to publish -force-overwrite=false overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch -gpg-key= GPG key ID to use when signing the release -keyring= GPG keyring to use (instead of default) -label= label to publish -origin= origin name to publish -passphrase= GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure) -passphrase-file= GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure) -secret-keyring= GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default) -skip-contents=false don’t generate Contents indexes -skip-signing=false don’t sign Release files with GPG
PUBLISH SNAPSHOT aptly publish snapshot name [[endpoint:]prefix] Command publishes snapshot as Debian repository ready to be consumed by apt tools. Pub‐ lished repostiories appear under rootDir/public directory. Valid GPG key is required for publishing. Multiple component repository could be published by specifying several components split by commas via -component flag and multiple snapshots as the arguments: aptly publish snapshot -component=main,contrib snap-main snap-contrib Example: $ aptly publish snapshot wheezy-main Options: -batch=false run GPG with detached tty -component= component name to publish (for multi-component publishing, separate components with commas) -distribution= distribution name to publish -force-overwrite=false overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch -gpg-key= GPG key ID to use when signing the release -keyring= GPG keyring to use (instead of default) -label= label to publish -origin= origin name to publish -passphrase= GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure) -passphrase-file= GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure) -secret-keyring= GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default) -skip-contents=false don’t generate Contents indexes -skip-signing=false don’t sign Release files with GPG
UPDATE PUBLISHED REPOSITORY BY SWITCHING TO NEW SNAPSHOT aptly publish switch distribution [[endpoint:]prefix] new-snapshot Command switches in-place published snapshots with new snapshot contents. All publishing parameters are preserved (architecture list, distribution, component). For multiple component repositories, flag -component should be given with list of compo‐ nents to update. Corresponding snapshots should be given in the same order, e.g.: aptly publish switch -component=main,contrib wheezy wh-main wh-contrib Example: $ aptly publish switch wheezy ppa wheezy-7.5 This command would switch published repository (with one component) named ppa/wheezy (pre‐ fix ppa, dsitribution wheezy to new snapshot wheezy-7.5). Options: -batch=false run GPG with detached tty -component= component names to update (for multi-component publishing, separate components with commas) -force-overwrite=false overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch -gpg-key= GPG key ID to use when signing the release -keyring= GPG keyring to use (instead of default) -passphrase= GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure) -passphrase-file= GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure) -secret-keyring= GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default) -skip-contents=false don’t generate Contents indexes -skip-signing=false don’t sign Release files with GPG
UPDATE PUBLISHED LOCAL REPOSITORY aptly publish update distribution [[endpoint:]prefix] Command re-publishes (updates) published local repository. distribution and prefix should be occupied with local repository published using command aptly publish repo. Update hap‐ pens in-place with minimum possible downtime for published repository. For multiple component published repositories, all local repositories are updated. Example: $ aptly publish update wheezy ppa Options: -batch=false run GPG with detached tty -force-overwrite=false overwrite files in package pool in case of mismatch -gpg-key= GPG key ID to use when signing the release -keyring= GPG keyring to use (instead of default) -passphrase= GPG passhprase for the key (warning: could be insecure) -passphrase-file= GPG passhprase-file for the key (warning: could be insecure) -secret-keyring= GPG secret keyring to use (instead of default) -skip-contents=false don’t generate Contents indexes -skip-signing=false don’t sign Release files with GPG
SEARCH FOR PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY aptly package search package-query Command search displays list of packages in whole DB that match package query Example: $ aptly package search ’$Architecture (i386), Name (% *-dev)’ Options: -format= custom format for result printing
SHOW DETAILS ABOUT PACKAGES MATCHING QUERY aptly package show package-query Command shows displays detailed meta-information about packages matching query. Informa‐ tion from Debian control file is displayed. Optionally information about package files and inclusion into mirrors/snapshots/local repos is shown. Example: $ aptly package show nginx-light_1.2.1-2.2+wheezy2_i386’ Options: -with-files=false display information about files from package pool -with-references=false display information about mirrors, snapshots and local repos referencing this pack‐ age
CLEANUP DB AND PACKAGE POOL aptly db cleanup Database cleanup removes information about unreferenced packages and removes files in the package pool that aren’t used by packages anymore Example: $ aptly db cleanup Options: -dry-run=false don’t delete anything -verbose=false be verbose when loading objects/removing them
RECOVER DB AFTER CRASH aptly db recover Database recover does its’ best to recover the database after a crash. It is recommended to backup the DB before running recover. Example: $ aptly db recover
HTTP SERVE PUBLISHED REPOSITORIES aptly serve Command serve starts embedded HTTP server (not suitable for real production usage) to serve contents of public/ subdirectory of aptly’s root that contains published reposito‐ ries. Example: $ aptly serve -listen=:8080 Options: -listen=:8080 host:port for HTTP listening
START API HTTP SERVICE aptly api serve Stat HTTP server with aptly REST API. Example: $ aptly api serve -listen=:8080 Options: -listen=:8080 host:port for HTTP listening -no-lock=false don’t lock the database
RENDER GRAPH OF RELATIONSHIPS aptly graph Command graph displays relationship between mirrors, local repositories, snapshots and published repositories using graphviz package to render graph as an image. Example: $ aptly graph Options: -format=png render graph to specified format (png, svg, pdf, etc.) -output= specify output filename, default is to open result in viewer SHOW CURRENT APTLY’S CONFIG aptly config show Command show displays the current aptly configuration. Example: $ aptly config show
RUN APTLY TASKS aptly task run -filename=filename | command1, command2, ... Command helps organise multiple aptly commands in one single aptly task, running as single thread. Example: $ aptly task run > repo create local > repo add local pkg1 > publish repo local > serve > Options: -filename= specifies the filename that contains the commands to run SHOW CURRENT APTLY’S CONFIG aptly config show Command show displays the current aptly configuration. Example: $ aptly config show
ENVIRONMENT If environment variable HTTP_PROXY is set aptly would use its value to proxy all HTTP requests.
RETURN VALUES aptly exists with: 0 success 1 general failure 2 command parse failure
AUTHORS List of contributors, in chronological order: ○ Andrey Smirnov (https://github.com/smira) ○ Sebastien Binet (https://github.com/sbinet) ○ Ryan Uber (https://github.com/ryanuber) ○ Simon Aquino (https://github.com/queeno) ○ Vincent Batoufflet (https://github.com/vbatoufflet) ○ Ivan Kurnosov (https://github.com/zerkms) ○ Dmitrii Kashin (https://github.com/freehck) ○ Chris Read (https://github.com/cread) ○ Rohan Garg (https://github.com/shadeslayer) ○ Russ Allbery (https://github.com/rra) ○ Sylvain Baubeau (https://github.com/lebauce) ○ Andrea Bernardo Ciddio (https://github.com/bcandrea) ○ Michael Koval (https://github.com/mkoval) ○ Alexander Guy (https://github.com/alexanderguy) ○ Sebastien Badia (https://github.com/sbadia) ○ Szymon Sobik (https://github.com/sobczyk) ○ Paul Krohn (https://github.com/paul-krohn) ○ Vincent Bernat (https://github.com/vincentbernat) ○ x539 (https://github.com/x539)
January 2016 APTLY(1)
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