CACHE.CONFIG(5) - man page online | file formats

The cache.config file (by default, located in /usr/local/etc/trafficserver/) defines how Traf‐.

April 18, 2016
CACHE.CONFIG(5)                       Apache Traffic Server                       CACHE.CONFIG(5)


cache.config - the cache.config file (by default, located in /usr/local/etc/traffic‐ server/) defines how Traffic Server caches web objects. You can add caching rules to spec‐ ify the following: · Not to cache objects from specific IP addresses · How long to pin particular objects in the cache · How long to consider cached objects as fresh · Whether to ignore no-cache directives from the server IMPORTANT: After you modify the cache.config file, navigate to the Traffic Server bin directory; then run the traffic_line -x command to apply changes. When you apply the changes to a node in a cluster, Traffic Server automatically applies the changes to all other nodes in the cluster.


Each line in the cache.config file contains a caching rule. Traffic Server recognizes three space-delimited tags: primary_destination=value secondary_specifier=value action=value You can use more than one secondary specifier in a rule. However, you cannot repeat a sec‐ ondary specifier. The following list shows the possible primary destinations with allowed values. dest_domain A requested domain name. Traffic Server matches the domain name of the destination from the URL in the request. dest_host A requested hostname. Traffic Server matches the hostname of the destination from the URL in the request. dest_ip A requested IP address. Traffic Server matches the IP address of the destination in the request. url_regex A regular expression (regex) to be found in a URL. The secondary specifiers are optional in the cache.config file. The following list shows possible secondary specifiers with allowed values. port A requested URL port. scheme A request URL protocol: http or https. prefix A prefix in the path part of a URL. suffix A file suffix in the URL. method A request URL method: get, put, post, trace. time A time range, such as 08:00-14:00. src_ip A client IP address. The following list shows possible actions and their allowed values. action One of the following values: · never-cache configures Traffic Server to never cache specified objects. · ignore-no-cache configures Traffic Server to ignore all Cache-Control: no-cache headers. · ignore-client-no-cache configures Traffic Server to ignore Cache-Control: no-cache headers from client requests. · ignore-server-no-cache configures Traffic Server to ignore Cache-Control: no-cache headers from origin server responses. · cluster-cache-local configures the cluster cache to allow for this content to be stored locally on every cluster node. cache-responses-to-cookies Change the style of caching with regard to cookies. This effectively overrides the configuration parameter proxy.config.http.cache.cache_responses_to_cookies and uses the same values with the same semantics. The override happens only for requests that match. pin-in-cache Preserves objects in cache, preventing them from being overwritten. Does not affect objects that are determined not to be cacheable. This setting can have per‐ formance issues, and severely affect the cache. For instance, if the primary des‐ tination matches all objects, once the cache is full, no new objects could get written as nothing would be evicted. Similarly, for each cache-miss, each object would incur extra checks to determine if the object it would replace could be over‐ written. The value is the amount of time you want to keep the object(s) in the cache. The following time formats are allowed: · d for days; for example: 2d · h for hours; for example: 10h · m for minutes; for example: 5m · s for seconds; for example: 20s · mixed units; for example: 1h15m20s revalidate For objects that are in cache, overrides the the amount of time the object(s) are to be considered fresh. Use the same time formats as pin-in-cache. ttl-in-cache Forces object(s) to become cached, as if they had a Cache-Control: max-age:<time> header. Can be overruled by requests with cookies. The value is the amount of time object(s) are to be kept in the cache, regardless of Cache-Control response head‐ ers. Use the same time formats as pin-in-cache and revalidate.


The following example configures Traffic Server to revalidate gif and jpeg objects in the domain every 6 hours, and all other objects in every hour. The rules are applied in the order listed. suffix=gif revalidate=6h suffix=jpeg revalidate=6h revalidate=1h Force a specific regex to be in cache between 7-11pm of the server's time for 26hours.* time=19:00-23:00 ttl-in-cache=1d2h Prevent objects from being evicted from cache:* pin-in-cache=1h
5.3 April 18, 2016 CACHE.CONFIG(5)