CPUDIST-BPFCC(8) - Linux man page online | Administration and privileged commands

On- and off-CPU task time as a histogram.

cpudist(8) System Manager's Manual cpudist(8)


cpudist - On- and off-CPU task time as a histogram.


cpudist [-h] [-O] [-T] [-m] [-P] [-L] [-p PID] [interval] [count]


This measures the time a task spends on the CPU before being descheduled, and shows the times as a histogram. Tasks that spend a very short time on the CPU can be indicative of excessive context-switches and poor workload distribution, and possibly point to a shared source of contention that keeps tasks switching in and out as it becomes available (such as a mutex). Similarly, the tool can also measure the time a task spends off-CPU before it is scheduled again. This can be helpful in identifying long blocking and I/O operations, or alterna‐ tively very short descheduling times due to short-lived locks or timers. This tool uses in-kernel eBPF maps for storing timestamps and the histogram, for effi‐ ciency. Despite this, the overhead of this tool may become significant for some workloads: see the OVERHEAD section. Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.


CONFIG_BPF and bcc.


-h Print usage message. -O Measure off-CPU time instead of on-CPU time. -T Include timestamps on output. -m Output histogram in milliseconds. -P Print a histogram for each PID (tgid from the kernel's perspective). -L Print a histogram for each TID (pid from the kernel's perspective). -p PID Only show this PID (filtered in kernel for efficiency). interval Output interval, in seconds. count Number of outputs.


Summarize task on-CPU time as a histogram: # cpudist Summarize task off-CPU time as a histogram: # cpudist -O Print 1 second summaries, 10 times: # cpudist 1 10 Print 1 second summaries, using milliseconds as units for the histogram, and include time‐ stamps on output: # cpudist -mT 1 Trace PID 186 only, 1 second summaries: # cpudist -P 185 1


usecs Microsecond range msecs Millisecond range count How many times a task event fell into this range distribution An ASCII bar chart to visualize the distribution (count column)


This traces scheduler tracepoints, which can become very frequent. While eBPF has very low overhead, and this tool uses in-kernel maps for efficiency, the frequency of scheduler events for some workloads may be high enough that the overhead of this tool becomes sig‐ nificant. Measure in a lab environment to quantify the overhead before use.


This is from bcc. Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _example.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.




Unstable - in development.


Sasha Goldshtein


pidstat(1), runqlat(8)
USER COMMANDS 2016-06-28 cpudist(8)
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