EXABGP(1) - man page online | user commands

Influence or control network using BGP.

EXABGP(1)                          BSD General Commands Manual                          EXABGP(1)

NAME exabgp — Influence or control network using BGP
SYNOPSIS exabgp [--folder folder | -f folder] [--env env-config | -e env-config] [--full-ini | --fi] [--diff-ini | --di] [--full-env | --fe] [--diff-env | --de] [--debug | -d] [--signal time] [--once | -1] [--pdb | -p] [--memory | -s] [--profile profile] [--test | -t] [--decode hex-message | -x hex-message] [--help | -h] [--version | -v] [configuration ...]
DESCRIPTION exabgp allows engineers to control their network from commodity servers. Possible uses include DDoS mitigation, network visualisation, service high availability and implementing anycast. exabgp does not perform any FIB manipulation on the system it runs on; if you need that this is not the program for you. exabgp can also print received BGP messages into readable plain text or JSON formatted text. The arguments are as follows: --folder folder | -f folder Specify the directory where the configuration file can be found. --env env-config | -e env-config Specify where the environment configuration file can be found. --full-ini | --fi Display the full environment configuration using on stdout using the ini format. --diff-ini | --di Display the non-default environment configuration on stdout using the ini format. --full-env | --fe Display the full environment configuration on stdout using the env format. --diff-env | --de Display the non-default configuration on stdout using the env format. --debug | -d Start the python debugger on serious logging on and on reception of the SIGTERM sig‐ nal. This is a shortcut for exabgp.log.all=true and exabgp.log.level=DEBUG. --signal time Issue a SIGUSR1 signal to reload the configuration after the specified number of seconds, only useful for code debugging. --once | -1 Only perform one attempt to connect to peers, used mostly for debugging. --pdb | -p Start the python debugger on critical logging, reception of SIGTERM, and on uncaught python exceptions. This is a shortcut for exabgp.pdb.enable=true. --memory | -s Display memory usage information on program exit. --profile profile Enable collection of profiling information to the given file. This is a shortcut for exabgp.profile.enable=true and exabgp.profile.file=profile. --test | -t Only do a configuration validity check. --decode hex-message | -x hex-message Decode a raw route packet in hexadecimal string. --help | -h Display summary of usage and configuration of exabgp. --version | -v Display the exabgp version number and exit.
ENVIRONMENT The configuration of exabgp is split in two: · The environment configuration which controls the basic execution of exabgp such as log‐ ging, daemonizing, pid-file, profiling etc. · The BGP configuration of exabgp, which specifies which neighbors it should talk BGP with and all other aspects of the BGP configuration. The environment configuration can be specified a number of different ways, with different priority: 1. Command line values using dot-separated notation. 2. Environment variables using dot-separated notation. 3. Command line values using underscore-separated notation. 4. Environment variables using underscore-seprated notation. 5. The values from the ini configuration file, /etc/exabgp/exabgp.env 6. The built-in default values. The following environment variables can be used to configure the basic execution of exabgp: exabgp.api.encoder (experimental) default encoder to use with external API (text or json). Default: text. exabgp.api.highres Controls whether to use high-resolution timestamps in JSON. Default: false. exabgp.api.respawn Controls whether to respawn a helper process if it dies. Default: false. exabgp.bgp.openwait Controls how many seconds we should wait for a BGP open message once the TCP session is established. Default: 60 seconds. exabgp.cache.attributes Controls whether all attributes (configuration and wire) should be cached for faster parsing. Default: true. exabgp.cache.nexthops (deprecated) Controls whether route next-hops are cached. Default: true. exabgp.daemon.daemonize Controls whether exabgp should run in the background. Default: false. Where to save the PID of exabgp if we manage it. Default: '' (not set). exabgp.daemon.user The user to run exabgp as. Should be an unprivileged user. Default: nobody. exabgp.log.all Controls whether debug logging should be done for everything. Default: false. exabgp.log.configuration Controls whether logging should be done for the configuration and command parsing. Default: true. exabgp.log.daemon Controls whether logging should be done for PID change, forking, etc. Default: true. exabgp.log.destination Controls where logging should be sent. syslog (or no setting) sends the data to the local syslog server. host:<location> sends the data to a remote syslog server. stdout sends the data to stdout. stderr sends the data to stderr. <filename> sends the data to the named file. Default: stdout. exabgp.log.enable Controls whether logging should be done. Default: true. exabgp.log.level Sets the minimum severity level to log. Default: INFO. exabgp.log.message Controls logging of changes in route announcement in config reload. Default: false. Controls logging of networking information (TCP/IP state, network state etc.). Default: true. exabgp.log.packets Controls logging of BGP packets sent and received. Default: false. exabgp.log.parser Controls logging of BGP message parsing details. Default: false. exabgp.log.processes Controls logging of forked processes. Default: true. exabgp.log.reactor Controls logging of signals received and command reload. Default: true. exabgp.log.rib Controls logging of changes in locally configured routes. Default: false. exabgp.log.routes Controls logging of received routes. Default: false. exabgp.log.short Coontrols whether to use long or short log format (not prepended with time, level, pid and source). Default: false. exabgp.log.timers Controls logging of keepalive timers. Default: false. exabgp.pdb.enable Controls whether pdb, the python interactive debugger should be started on program faults. Default: false. exabgp.profile.enable Controls whether profiling of the code should be done. Default: false. exabgp.profile.file Controls where profiling results should be written. None/empty means stdout. Default: empty. exabgp.reactor.speed Controls the time of one reactor loop. Use only if you understand the code. Default: 1.0. exabgp.tcp.acl (experimental, unimplemented). Default: empty. exabgp.tcp.bind IP address to bind to when listening (no ip to disable). Default: empty. exabgp.tcp.delay Start to announce routes when the minutes in the hour is a modulo of this number. Default: 0. exabgp.tcp.once Only perform one TCP connection attempt per peer, for debugging scripts. Default: false. exabgp.tcp.port Port to bind to when listening. Default: 179.
FILES /etc/exabgp/exabgp.env is the default file for setting the "environment" variables control‐ ling the execution of exabgp. An alaternative "env" configuration file can be supplied via the --env env-config argument. The format of this file is "Windows INI format". All the default settings can be shown with the exabgp --test --full-init command, an example showing parts of this output is: [exabgp.api] encoder = text highres = false respawn = false [exabgp.bgp] openwait = 60 Additionally, the user will need to supply a configuration file controlling the BGP configu‐ ration of exabgp, in the format described in exabgp.conf(5).
SIGNALS exabgp catches a few different signals to control specific actions. They are: ALRM Restarts exabgp. USR1 Causes exabgp to reload the configuration. USR2 Causes exabgp to reload the configuration and restart any forked processes. TERM Terminates exabgp. HUP Also terminates exabgp (does not reload the configuration anymore). Reloading large configurations using signals is currently not recommended, because the con‐ figuration parsing code is currently blocking. Therefore if you have a large configuration change, it could cause the peer to miss some keepalive and cause a session flap.
DIAGNOSTICS The --test argument is useful to validate the syntax of the configuration file. The --debug flag will provide copious debug output to whereever the various exabgp.log variable settings dictate.
SEE ALSO exabgp.conf(5)
STANDARDS A list of the standards exabgp implements which is indicative of the features implemented is: RFC 4893 BGP Support for Four-octet AS Number Space RFC 4760 Multiprotocol Extension for BGP-4 RFC 4659 BGP-MPLS IP Virtual Private Network (VPN) Extension for IPv6 VPN RFC 4762 Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Sig‐ nalling RFC 5575 Dissemination of Flow Specification Rules RFC 4724 Graceful Restart Mechanism for BGP RFC 7313 Enhanced Route Refresh Capability for BGP-4 RFC 7311 The Accumulated IGP Metric Attribute for BGP draft-raszuk-idr-flow-spec-v6-03 (draft-ietf-idr-flow-spec-v6-06), Dissemination of Flow Specification Rules for IPv6 draft-ietf-idr-flowspect-redirect-ip-00 (-02) BGP Flow-Spect Redirect to IP Action draft-ietf-idr-add-paths-08 (-10) Advertisement of Multiple Paths in BGP draft-ietf-idr-bgp-multisession-07 (??) draft-scudder-bmp-01 (??) A list of other more basic BGP-related standard entirely or partially implemented is: RFC 1997 BGP Communities Attribute RFC 2385 Protection of BGP Sessions via the TCP MD5 Signature RFC 2545 Use of BGP-4 Multirptocol Extensions for IPv6 Inter-Domain Routing RFC 2918 Route Refresh Capability for BGP-4 RFC 3107 Carrying Label Information in BGP-4 RFC 3765 NOPEER Community for Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Route Scope Control RFC 4271 A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) RFC 4360 BGP Extended Communities Attribute RFC 4364 Constrained Route Distribution for BGP/MPLS IP VPNs RFC 4456 BGP Rotue Relection: An Alternative to Full Mesh Internal BGP (iBGP) RFC 5396 Textual Representation of Autonomous System (AS) Numbers RFC 5492 Capabilities Advertisement with BGP-4 RFC 6286 Autonomous-System-Wide Unique BGP Identifier for BGP-4 RFC 6608 Subcodes for BGP Finate State Machine Error
February 26, 2015
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exabgp(1) referred by exabgp.conf(5)
refer to exabgp.conf(5)