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EXPLAIN_LISTEN(3) - man page online | library functions

Explain listen(2) errors.

Chapter
explain_listen(3)                    Library Functions Manual                   explain_listen(3)

NAME explain_listen - explain listen(2) errors
SYNOPSIS #include <libexplain/listen.h> const char *explain_listen(int fildes, int backlog); const char *explain_errno_listen(int errnum, int fildes, int backlog); void explain_message_listen(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int backlog); void explain_message_errno_listen(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int backlog);
DESCRIPTION These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the listen(2) system call. explain_listen const char *explain_listen(int fildes, int backlog); The explain_listen function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of str‐ error(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail. The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded. This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example: if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0) { fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_listen(fildes, backlog)); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } The above code example is available pre‐packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function. fildes The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. backlog The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. Returns: The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be over‐ written by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads. Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library. explain_errno_listen const char *explain_errno_listen(int errnum, int fildes, int backlog); The explain_errno_listen function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of str‐ error(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail. This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example: if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0) { int err = errno; fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_listen(err, fildes, backlog)); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } The above code example is available pre‐packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function. errnum The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno. fildes The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. backlog The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. Returns: The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be over‐ written by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads. Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library. explain_message_listen void explain_message_listen(char *message, int message_size, int fildes, int backlog); The explain_message_listen function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail. The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded. This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example: if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0) { char message[3000]; explain_message_listen(message, sizeof(message), fildes, backlog); fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } The above code example is available pre‐packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function. message The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe. message_size The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message. fildes The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. backlog The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. explain_message_errno_listen void explain_message_errno_listen(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, int fildes, int backlog); The explain_message_errno_listen function may be used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the listen(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail. This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example: if (listen(fildes, backlog) < 0) { int err = errno; char message[3000]; explain_message_errno_listen(message, sizeof(message), err, fildes, backlog); fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } The above code example is available pre‐packaged as the explain_listen_or_die(3) function. message The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe. message_size The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message. errnum The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno. fildes The original fildes, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call. backlog The original backlog, exactly as passed to the listen(2) system call.
SEE ALSO listen(2) listen for connections on a socket explain_listen_or_die(3) listen for connections on a socket and report errors
explain_listen(3)
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explain_listen(3) referred by explain(3) | explain_listen_or_die(3)
refer to explain_listen_or_die(3) | listen(2)