SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

FEXECVE - reference manual online

Execute program specified via file descriptor.

Chapter
2015-07-23
FEXECVE(3)                          Linux Programmer's Manual                          FEXECVE(3)

NAME fexecve - execute program specified via file descriptor
SYNOPSIS #include <unistd.h> int fexecve(int fd, char *const argv[], char *const envp[]); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): fexecve(): Since glibc 2.10: _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 700 || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L Before glibc 2.10: _GNU_SOURCE
DESCRIPTION fexecve() performs the same task as execve(2), with the difference that the file to be executed is specified via a file descriptor, fd, rather than via a pathname. The file descriptor fd must be opened read-only, and the caller must have permission to execute the file that it refers to.
RETURN VALUE A successful call to fexecve() never returns. On error, the function does return, with a result value of -1, and errno is set appropriately.
ERRORS Errors are as for execve(2), with the following additions: EINVAL fd is not a valid file descriptor, or argv is NULL, or envp is NULL. ENOSYS The /proc filesystem could not be accessed.
VERSIONS fexecve() is implemented since glibc 2.3.2.
ATTRIBUTES For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). ┌──────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐ │Interface │ Attribute │ Value │ ├──────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤ │fexecve() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │ └──────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘
CONFORMING TO POSIX.1-2008. This function is not specified in POSIX.1-2001, and is not widely available on other systems. It is specified in POSIX.1-2008.
NOTES On Linux, fexecve() is implemented using the proc(5) filesystem, so /proc needs to be mounted and available at the time of the call. The idea behind fexecve() is to allow the caller to verify (checksum) the contents of an executable before executing it. Simply opening the file, checksumming the contents, and then doing an execve(2) would not suffice, since, between the two steps, the filename, or a directory prefix of the pathname, could have been exchanged (by, for example, modifying the target of a symbolic link). fexecve() does not mitigate the problem that the contents of a file could be changed between the checksumming and the call to fexecve(); for that, the solution is to ensure that the permissions on the file prevent it from being modified by malicious users. The natural idiom when using fexecve() is to set the close-on-exec flag on fd, so that the file descriptor does not leak through to the program that is executed. This approach is natural for two reasons. First, it prevents file descriptors being consumed unnecessar‐ ily. (The executed program normally has no need of a file descriptor that refers to the program itself.) Second, if fexecve() is used recursively, employing the close-on-exec flag prevents the file descriptor exhaustion that would result from the fact that each step in the recursion would cause one more file descriptor to be passed to the new pro‐ gram. (But see BUGS.)
BUGS If fd refers to a script (i.e., it is an executable text file that names a script inter‐ preter with a first line that begins with the characters #!) and the close-on-exec flag has been set for fd, then fexecve() fails with the error ENOENT. This error occurs because, by the time the script interpreter is executed, fd has already been closed because of the close-on-exec flag. Thus, the close-on-exec flag can't be set on fd if it refers to a script, leading to the problems described in NOTES.
SEE ALSO execve(2), execveat(2)
COLOPHON This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.
Linux 2015-07-23 FEXECVE(3)
This manual Reference Other manuals
fexecve(3) referred by exec(3) | execve(2) | execveat(2)
refer to attributes(7) | execve(2) | execveat(2) | feature_test_macros(7) | proc(5)