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FLATPAK-BUILDER(1) - Linux manual page online | User commands

Help build application dependencies.



flatpak-builder - Help build application dependencies


flatpak-builder [OPTION...] DIRECTORY MANIFEST flatpak-builder --run [OPTION...] DIRECTORY MANIFEST COMMAND flatpak-builder --show-deps [OPTION...] MANIFEST


flatpak-builder is a wrapper around the flatpak build command that automates the building of applications and their dependencies. It is one option you can use to build applications. The goal of flatpak-builder is to push as much knowledge about how to build modules to the individual upstream projects. It does this by assuming that the modules adhere to the Build API specified at This essentially means that it follows the ./configure && make && make install scheme with an optional autogen script. If the upstream does not adhere to the API you can make it do so by adding patches and extra files. An invocation of flatpak-builder proceeds in these stages, each being specified in detail in json format in MANIFEST: · Download all sources · Initialize the application directory with flatpak build-init · Build and install each module with flatpak build · Clean up the final build tree by removing unwanted files and e.g. stripping binaries · Finish the application directory with flatpak build-finish After this you will end up with a build of the application in DIRECTORY, which you can export to a repository with the flatpak build-export command. If you use the --repo option, flatpak-builder will do the export for you at the end of the build process. When flatpak-builder does the export, it also stores the manifest that was used for the build in /app/manifest.json. The manifest is 'resolved', i.e. git branch names are replaced by the actual commit IDs that were used in the build. At each of the above steps flatpak caches the result, and if you build the same file again, it will start at the first step where something changes. For instance the first version controlled source that had new commits added, or the first module where some changes to the MANIFEST file caused the build environment to change. This makes flatpak-builder very efficient for incremental builds.


The manifest file is a json file whose format is described in detail in its own manual page.


The following options are understood: -h, --help Show help options and exit. -v, --verbose Print debug information during command processing. --version Print version information and exit. --arch=ARCH Specify the machine architecture to build for. If no architecture is specified, the host architecture will be automatically detected. Only host compatible architectures can be specified. --default-branch=BRANCH Set the default branch to BRANCH. This is used if the manifest does not specify a branch. The default is master. --disable-cache Don't look at the existing cache for a previous build, instead always rebuild modules. --disable-rofiles-fuse Disable the use of rofiles-fuse to optimize the cache use via hardlink checkouts. --disable-download Don't download any sources. This only works if some version of all sources are downloaded already. This is useful if you want to guarantee that no network i/o is done. However, the build will fail if some source is not locally available. --disable-updates Download missing sources, but don't update local mirrors of version control repos. This is useful to rebuild things but without updating git or bzr repositories from the remote repository. --disable-tests Don't run any of the tests. --run Run a command in a sandbox based on the build dir. This starts flatpak build, with some extra arguments to give the same environment as the build, and the same permissions the final app will have. The command to run must be the last argument passed to flatpak-builder, after the directory and the manifest. Only the --arch=ARCH, --ccache and --verbose options can be combined with this option. --build-shell=MODULENAME Extract and prepare the sources for the named module, and then start a shell in a sandbox identical to the one flatpak-builder would use for buildng the module. This is useful to debug a module. --show-deps List all the (local) files that the manifest depends on. Only the --verbose option can be combined with this option. --download-only Exit successfully after downloading the required sources. --bundle-sources Create an additional runtime with the source code for this module. It will be named app-id.Sources, for example org.gnome.Maps.Sources. --build-only Don't do the cleanup and finish stages, which is useful if you want to build more things into the app. --finish-only Only do the cleanup, finish and export stages, picking up where a --build-only command left off. --export-only Only do the export stages, picking up the build result from a previous build. This can be used to split the build and export/signature into two calls by leaving out --repo in the first call. --require-changes Do nothing, leaving a non-existent DIRECTORY if nothing changes since last cached build. If this is not specified, the latest version from the cache will be put into DIRECTORY. --state-dir=PATH Use this directory for storing state (downloads, build dirs, build cache, etc) rather than .flatpak-builder. This can be an absolute or relative path, but must be on the same filesystem as the specified target DIRECTORY. --keep-build-dirs Don't remove the sources and build after having built and installed each module. This also creates a symlink to the build directory with a stable name ("build-modulename"). --delete-build-dirs Always remove the sources and build after having built each module, even if the build failed. The default is to keep failed build directories but remove successful ones. This is useful in e.g. automatic build systems. --ccache Enable use of ccache in the build (needs ccache in the sdk) --stop-at=MODULENAME Stop at the specified module, ignoring it and all the following ones in both the "download" and "build" phases. This is useful for debugging and development. For instance, you can build all the dependencies, but stop at the main application so that you can then do a build from a pre-existing checkout. Implies --build-only. --repo=DIR When build is done, run export the result to this repository. -s, --subject=SUBJECT One line subject for the commit message. Used when exporting the build results. -b, --body=BODY Full description for the commit message. Used when exporting the build results. --gpg-sign=KEYID Sign the commit with this GPG key. Used when exporting the build results. This option can be used multiple times. --gpg-homedir=PATH GPG Homedir to use when looking for keyrings. Used when exporting the build results. --jobs=JOBS Limit the number of parallel jobs during the build. The default is the number of CPUs on the machine. --force-clean Erase the previous contents of DIRECTORY if it is not empty. --sandbox Disable the possibility to specify build-args that are passed to flatpak build. This means the build process can't break out of its sandbox, and is useful when building less trusted software. --allow-missing-runtimes Do not immediately fail if the sdk or platform runtimes are not installed on this system. Attempting to build any manifest modules will still fail if the sdk is missing, but may be useful for apps that install files without a sandbox build. --rebuild-on-sdk-change Record the exact version of the sdk in the cache, and rebuild everything if it changes. This is useful if you're building against an API-unstable runtime, like a nightly build. --skip-if-unchanged If the json is unchanged since the last build of this filename, then do nothing, and return exit code 42. --mirror-screenshots-url=URL Mirror any screenshots in the appstream and rewrite the appstream xml as if they were on the specified URL. The resulting files will be stored in the "screenshots" subdirectory in the app directory and needs to be copied to the specified URL for the appdata to work. --extra-sources=SOURCE-DIR When downloading sources (archives, files, git, bzr), look in this directory for pre-existing copies and use them instead of downloading. --extra-sources-url=URL When downloading sources (archives, files, git, bzr), look at this url for mirrored downloads before downloading from the original url. --from-git=GIT Look for the manifest in the given git repository. If this option is given, MANIFEST is interpreted as a relative path inside the repository. --from-git-branch=BRANCH The branch to use with --from-git. --install-deps-from=REMOTE Install/update build required dependencies from the specified remote. --install-deps-only Stop after downloading dependencies. --install When the build is finished, install the result locally. --user Install the dependencies in a per-user installation. --system Install the dependencies in the default system-wide installation. --installation=NAME Install the dependencies in a system-wide installation specified by NAME among those defined in /etc/flatpak/installations.d/. Using --installation=default is equivalent to using --system.


flatpak-builder caches sources and partial build results in the state directory (defaulting to the .flatpak-builder subdirectory of the current directory). If you use --keep-build-dirs, build directories for each module are also stored here. It is safe to remove the state directory. This will force a full build the next time you build.


$ flatpak-builder my-app-dir manifest.json Example manifest file: { "id": "org.test.TestApp", "runtime": "org.freedesktop.Platform", "runtime-version": "1.2", "sdk": "org.freedesktop.Sdk", "command": "test", "clean": [ "/include", "*.la" ], "build-options" : { "cflags": "-O2 -g", "cxxflags": "-O2 -g", "env": { "V": "1" }, "arch": { "x86_64": { "cflags": "-O3 -g", } } }, "modules": [ { "name": "pygobject", "config-opts": [ "--disable-introspection" ], "sources": [ { "type": "archive", "url": " ↲ ct-2.28.6.tar.xz", "sha256": "fb8a1d4f665130a125011659bd347c7339c944232163dbb9a34fd06865 ↲ 77adb8" }, { "type": "patch", "path": "required-pygobject-fix.patch" }, { "type": "file", "path": "pygobject-extra-file", "dest-filename": "extra-file" } ] }, { "name": "babl", "build-options" : { "cxxflags": "-O2 -g -std=c++11" }, "cleanup": [ "/bin" ], "sources": [ { "type": "git", "url": "git://" } ] }, { "name": "testapp", "sources": [ { "type": "bzr", "url": "lp:testapp" } ] } ] }


flatpak(1), flatpak-manifest(5) flatpak-build-init(1), flatpak-build(1), flatpak-build- finish(1), flatpak-build-export(1)
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flatpak-builder(1) referred by flatpak-manifest(5)
refer to flatpak(1) | flatpak-build(1) | flatpak-build-export(1) | flatpak-build-init(1) | flatpak-manifest(5)
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