SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

GETRUSAGE(2FREEBSD) - Linux man page online | System calls

Get information about resource utilization.

Chapter
May 1, 2010
GETRUSAGE(2) BSD System Calls Manual GETRUSAGE(2)

NAME

getrusage — get information about resource utilization

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/time.h> #include <sys/resource.h> #define RUSAGE_SELF 0 #define RUSAGE_CHILDREN -1 #define RUSAGE_THREAD 1 int getrusage(int who, struct rusage *rusage);

DESCRIPTION

The getrusage() system call returns information describing the resources utilized by the current thread, the current process, or all its terminated child processes. The who argu‐ ment is either RUSAGE_THREAD, RUSAGE_SELF, or RUSAGE_CHILDREN. The buffer to which rusage points will be filled in with the following structure: struct rusage { struct timeval ru_utime; /* user time used */ struct timeval ru_stime; /* system time used */ long ru_maxrss; /* max resident set size */ long ru_ixrss; /* integral shared text memory size */ long ru_idrss; /* integral unshared data size */ long ru_isrss; /* integral unshared stack size */ long ru_minflt; /* page reclaims */ long ru_majflt; /* page faults */ long ru_nswap; /* swaps */ long ru_inblock; /* block input operations */ long ru_oublock; /* block output operations */ long ru_msgsnd; /* messages sent */ long ru_msgrcv; /* messages received */ long ru_nsignals; /* signals received */ long ru_nvcsw; /* voluntary context switches */ long ru_nivcsw; /* involuntary context switches */ }; The fields are interpreted as follows: ru_utime the total amount of time spent executing in user mode. ru_stime the total amount of time spent in the system executing on behalf of the process(es). ru_maxrss the maximum resident set size utilized (in kilobytes). ru_ixrss an “integral” value indicating the amount of memory used by the text segment that was also shared among other processes. This value is expressed in units of kilobytes * ticks-of-execution. Ticks are statistics clock ticks. The sta‐ tistics clock has a frequency of sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK) ticks per second. ru_idrss an integral value of the amount of unshared memory residing in the data segment of a process (expressed in units of kilobytes * ticks-of-execution). ru_isrss an integral value of the amount of unshared memory residing in the stack seg‐ ment of a process (expressed in units of kilobytes * ticks-of-execution). ru_minflt the number of page faults serviced without any I/O activity; here I/O activity is avoided by “reclaiming” a page frame from the list of pages awaiting reallo‐ cation. ru_majflt the number of page faults serviced that required I/O activity. ru_nswap the number of times a process was “swapped” out of main memory. ru_inblock the number of times the file system had to perform input. ru_oublock the number of times the file system had to perform output. ru_msgsnd the number of IPC messages sent. ru_msgrcv the number of IPC messages received. ru_nsignals the number of signals delivered. ru_nvcsw the number of times a context switch resulted due to a process voluntarily giv‐ ing up the processor before its time slice was completed (usually to await availability of a resource). ru_nivcsw the number of times a context switch resulted due to a higher priority process becoming runnable or because the current process exceeded its time slice.

NOTES

The numbers ru_inblock and ru_oublock account only for real I/O; data supplied by the caching mechanism is charged only to the first process to read or write the data.

RETURN VALUES

The getrusage() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

The getrusage() system call will fail if: [EINVAL] The who argument is not a valid value. [EFAULT] The address specified by the rusage argument is not in a valid part of the process address space.

SEE ALSO

gettimeofday(2), wait(2), clocks(7)

HISTORY

The getrusage() system call appeared in 4.2BSD. The RUSAGE_THREAD facility first appeared in FreeBSD 8.1.

BUGS

There is no way to obtain information about a child process that has not yet terminated.
BSD May 1, 2010 BSD
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