SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

# GMX-EDITCONF(1) - man page online | user commands

Convert and manipulates structure files.

Chapter
February 03, 2016
```GMX-EDITCONF(1)                              GROMACS                              GMX-EDITCONF(1)

NAME
gmx-editconf - Convert and manipulates structure files

SYNOPSIS
gmx editconf [-f [<.gro/.g96/...>]] [-n [<.ndx>]] [-bf [<.dat>]]
[-[no]ndef] [-bt <enum>] [-box <vector>]
[-angles <vector>] [-d <real>] [-[no]c]
[-center <vector>] [-aligncenter <vector>]
[-align <vector>] [-translate <vector>]
[-rotate <vector>] [-[no]princ] [-scale <vector>]
[-density <real>] [-[no]pbc] [-resnr <int>] [-[no]grasp]
[-[no]legend] [-label <string>] [-[no]conect]

DESCRIPTION
gmx editconf converts generic structure format to .gro, .g96 or .pdb.

The box can be modified with options -box, -d and -angles. Both -box and -d will center
the system in the box, unless -noc is used.

Option -bt determines the box type: triclinic is a triclinic box, cubic is a rectangular
box with all sides equal dodecahedron represents a rhombic dodecahedron and octahedron is
a truncated octahedron.  The last two are special cases of a triclinic box.  The length of
the three box vectors of the truncated octahedron is the shortest distance between two
opposite hexagons.  Relative to a cubic box with some periodic image distance, the volume
of a dodecahedron with this same periodic distance is 0.71 times that of the cube, and
that of a truncated octahedron is 0.77 times.

Option -box requires only one value for a cubic, rhombic dodecahedral, or truncated octa‐
hedral box.

With -d and a triclinic box the size of the system in the x-, y-, and z-directions is
used. With -d and cubic, dodecahedron or octahedron boxes, the dimensions are set to the
diameter of the system (largest distance between atoms) plus twice the specified distance.

Option -angles is only meaningful with option -box and a triclinic box and cannot be used
with option -d.

When -n or -ndef is set, a group can be selected for calculating the size and the geomet‐
ric center, otherwise the whole system is used.

-rotate rotates the coordinates and velocities.

-princ aligns the principal axes of the system along the coordinate axes, with the longest
axis aligned with the x-axis.  This may allow you to decrease the box volume, but beware
that molecules can rotate significantly in a nanosecond.

Scaling is applied before any of the other operations are performed. Boxes and coordinates
can be scaled to give a certain density (option -density). Note that this may be inaccu‐
rate in case a .gro file is given as input. A special feature of the scaling option is
that when the factor -1 is given in one dimension, one obtains a mirror image, mirrored in
one of the planes. When one uses -1 in three dimensions, a point-mirror image is obtained.

Groups are selected after all operations have been applied.

Periodicity can be removed in a crude manner.  It is important that the box vectors at the
bottom of your input file are correct when the periodicity is to be removed.

When writing .pdb files, B-factors can be added with the -bf option. B-factors are read
from a file with with following format: first line states number of entries in the file,
next lines state an index followed by a B-factor. The B-factors will be attached per
residue unless an index is larger than the number of residues or unless the -atom option
is set. Obviously, any type of numeric data can be added instead of B-factors. -legend
will produce a row of CA atoms with B-factors ranging from the minimum to the maximum
value found, effectively making a legend for viewing.

With the option -mead a special .pdb (.pqr) file for the MEAD electrostatics program
(Poisson-Boltzmann solver) can be made. A further prerequisite is that the input file is a
run input file.  The B-factor field is then filled with the Van der Waals radius of the
atoms while the occupancy field will hold the charge.

The option -grasp is similar, but it puts the charges in the B-factor and the radius in
the occupancy.

Option -align allows alignment of the principal axis of a specified group against the
given vector, with an optional center of rotation specified by -aligncenter.

Finally, with option -label, editconf can add a chain identifier to a .pdb file, which can
be useful for analysis with e.g. Rasmol.

To convert a truncated octrahedron file produced by a package which uses a cubic box with
the corners cut off (such as GROMOS), use:

gmx editconf -f in -rotate 0 45 35.264 -bt o -box veclen -o out

where veclen is the size of the cubic box times sqrt(3)/2.

OPTIONS
Options to specify input files:

-f [<.gro/.g96/...>] (conf.gro)
Structure file: gro g96 pdb brk ent esp tpr

-n [<.ndx>] (index.ndx) (Optional)
Index file

-bf [<.dat>] (bfact.dat) (Optional)
Generic data file

Options to specify output files:

-o [<.gro/.g96/...>] (out.gro) (Optional)
Structure file: gro g96 pdb brk ent esp

Other options:

-[no]w (no)
View output .xvg, .xpm, .eps and .pdb files

-[no]ndef (no)
Choose output from default index groups

-bt <enum> (triclinic)
Box type for -box and -d: triclinic, cubic, dodecahedron, octahedron

-box <vector> (0 0 0)
Box vector lengths (a,b,c)

-angles <vector> (90 90 90)
Angles between the box vectors (bc,ac,ab)

-d <real> (0)
Distance between the solute and the box

-[no]c (no)
Center molecule in box (implied by -box and -d)

-center <vector> (0 0 0)
Coordinates of geometrical center

-aligncenter <vector> (0 0 0)
Center of rotation for alignment

-align <vector> (0 0 0)
Align to target vector

-translate <vector> (0 0 0)
Translation

-rotate <vector> (0 0 0)
Rotation around the X, Y and Z axes in degrees

-[no]princ (no)
Orient molecule(s) along their principal axes

-scale <vector> (1 1 1)
Scaling factor

-density <real> (1000)
Density (g/L) of the output box achieved by scaling

-[no]pbc (no)
Remove the periodicity (make molecule whole again)

-resnr <int> (-1)
Renumber residues starting from resnr

-[no]grasp (no)
Store the charge of the atom in the B-factor field and the radius of the atom in
the occupancy field

-rvdw <real> (0.12)
Default Van der Waals radius (in nm) if one can not be found in the database or if
no parameters are present in the topology file

-[no]sig56 (no)
Use rmin/2 (minimum in the Van der Waals potential) rather than sigma/2

radii based on the force field

-[no]atom (no)
Force B-factor attachment per atom

-[no]legend (no)
Make B-factor legend

-label <string> (A)
Add chain label for all residues

-[no]conect (no)
Add CONECT records to a .pdb file when written. Can only be done when a topology is
present

KNOWN ISSUES
· For complex molecules, the periodicity removal routine may break down, in that case you
can use gmx trjconv.