LOG(3) - man page online | library functions

Natural logarithmic function.

LOG(3)                              Linux Programmer's Manual                              LOG(3)

NAME log, logf, logl - natural logarithmic function
SYNOPSIS #include <math.h> double log(double x); float logf(float x); long double logl(long double x); Link with -lm. Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): logf(), logl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc -std=c99
DESCRIPTION These functions return the natural logarithm of x.
RETURN VALUE On success, these functions return the natural logarithm of x. If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned. If x is 1, the result is +0. If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned. If x is zero, then a pole error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively. If x is negative (including negative infinity), then a domain error occurs, and a NaN (not a number) is returned.
ERRORS See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions. The following errors can occur: Domain error: x is negative errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised. Pole error: x is zero errno is set to ERANGE. A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.
ATTRIBUTES For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). ┌──────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐ │Interface │ Attribute │ Value │ ├──────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤ │log(), logf(), logl() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │ └──────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘
CONFORMING TO C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.
BUGS In glibc 2.5 and earlier, taking the log() of a NaN produces a bogus invalid floating- point (FE_INVALID) exception.
SEE ALSO cbrt(3), clog(3), log10(3), log1p(3), log2(3), sqrt(3)
COLOPHON This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at
2015-04-19 LOG(3)
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log(3) referred by alliance-log(3) | amd(8) | beh(3) | com_err(3) | excustom(3alleg4) | expm1(3) | fetchmail(1) | ilogb(3) | log10(3) | log1p(3) | log2(3) | logb(3) | logger(1) | math_error(7) | matherr(3) | mimedefang(8) | mimedefang-multiplexor(8) | PDL::GSLSF::LOG(3pm) | RefDB::Log(3pm) | tac_plus(8)
refer to attributes(7) | cbrt(3) | clog(3) | feature_test_macros(7) | log10(3) | log1p(3) | log2(3) | math_error(7) | sqrt(3)