MQ_OPEN(2FREEBSD) - Linux man page online | System calls

Open a message queue (REALTIME).

September 15, 2014
MQ_OPEN(2) BSD System Calls Manual MQ_OPEN(2)


mq_open — open a message queue (REALTIME)


POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)


#include <mqueue.h> mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag, ...);


The mq_open() system call establishes the connection between a process and a message queue with a message queue descriptor. It creates an open message queue description that refers to the message queue, and a message queue descriptor that refers to that open message queue description. The message queue descriptor is used by other functions to refer to that mes‐ sage queue. The name argument points to a string naming a message queue. The name argument should conform to the construction rules for a pathname. The name should begin with a slash character. Processes calling mq_open() with the same value of name refers to the same mes‐ sage queue object, as long as that name has not been removed. If the name argument is not the name of an existing message queue and creation is not requested, mq_open() will fail and return an error. The oflag argument requests the desired receive and/or send access to the message queue. The requested access permission to receive messages or send messages would be granted if the calling process would be granted read or write access, respectively, to an equivalently pro‐ tected file. The value of oflag is the bitwise-inclusive OR of values from the following list. Applica‐ tions should specify exactly one of the first three values (access modes) below in the value of oflag: O_RDONLY Open the message queue for receiving messages. The process can use the returned message queue descriptor with mq_receive(), but not mq_send(). A message queue may be open multiple times in the same or different processes for receiving mes‐ sages. O_WRONLY Open the queue for sending messages. The process can use the returned message queue descriptor with mq_send() but not mq_receive(). A message queue may be open multiple times in the same or different processes for sending messages. O_RDWR Open the queue for both receiving and sending messages. The process can use any of the functions allowed for O_RDONLY and O_WRONLY. A message queue may be open multiple times in the same or different processes for sending messages. Any combination of the remaining flags may be specified in the value of oflag: O_CREAT Create a message queue. It requires two additional arguments: mode, which is of type mode_t, and attr, which is a pointer to an mq_attr structure. If the path‐ name name has already been used to create a message queue that still exists, then this flag has no effect, except as noted under O_EXCL. Otherwise, a mes‐ sage queue will be created without any messages in it. The user ID of the mes‐ sage queue will be set to the effective user ID of the process, and the group ID of the message queue will be set to the effective group ID of the process. The permission bits of the message queue will be set to the value of the mode argu‐ ment, except those set in the file mode creation mask of the process. When bits in mode other than the file permission bits are specified, the effect is unspec‐ ified. If attr is NULL, the message queue is created with implementation- defined default message queue attributes. If attr is non-NULL and the calling process has the appropriate privilege on name, the message queue mq_maxmsg and mq_msgsize attributes will be set to the values of the corresponding members in the mq_attr structure referred to by attr. If attr is non-NULL, but the calling process does not have the appropriate privilege on name, the mq_open() function will fail and return an error without creating the message queue. O_EXCL If O_EXCL and O_CREAT are set, mq_open() will fail if the message queue name exists. O_NONBLOCK Determines whether an mq_send() or mq_receive() waits for resources or messages that are not currently available, or fails with errno set to EAGAIN; see mq_send(2) and mq_receive(2) for details. The mq_open() system call does not add or remove messages from the queue.


FreeBSD implements message queue based on file descriptor. The descriptor is inherited by child after fork(2). The descriptor is closed in a new image after exec(3). The select(2) and kevent(2) system calls are supported for message queue descriptor. Please see the mqueuefs(5) man page for instructions on loading the module or compiling the service into the kernel.


Upon successful completion, the function returns a message queue descriptor; otherwise, the function returns (mqd_t)-1 and sets the global variable errno to indicate the error.


The mq_open() system call will fail if: [EACCES] The message queue exists and the permissions specified by oflag are denied, or the message queue does not exist and permission to create the message queue is denied. [EEXIST] O_CREAT and O_EXCL are set and the named message queue already exists. [EINTR] The mq_open() function was interrupted by a signal. [EINVAL] The mq_open() function is not supported for the given name. [EINVAL] O_CREAT was specified in oflag, the value of attr is not NULL, and either mq_maxmsg or mq_msgsize was less than or equal to zero. [EMFILE] Too many message queue descriptors or file descriptors are currently in use by this process. [ENAMETOOLONG] The length of the name argument exceeds {PATH_MAX} or a pathname compo‐ nent is longer than {NAME_MAX}. [ENFILE] Too many message queues are currently open in the system. [ENOENT] O_CREAT is not set and the named message queue does not exist. [ENOSPC] There is insufficient space for the creation of the new message queue.


mq_close(2), mq_getattr(2), mq_receive(2), mq_send(2), mq_setattr(2), mq_timedreceive(3), mq_timedsend(3), mq_unlink(3), mqueuefs(5)


The mq_open() system call conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2004 (“POSIX.1”).


Support for POSIX message queues first appeared in FreeBSD 7.0.


This implementation places strict requirements on the value of name: it must begin with a slash (‘/’) and contain no other slash characters.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2004 by the Insti‐ tute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
BSD September 15, 2014 BSD
This manual Reference Other manuals
mq_open(2freebsd) referred by cap_rights_limit(2freebsd) | mq_close(2freebsd) | mq_getattr(2freebsd) | mq_notify(2freebsd) | mq_overview(7) | mq_receive(2freebsd) | mq_send(2freebsd) | mq_setattr(2freebsd) | mq_timedreceive(2freebsd) | mq_timedsend(2freebsd) | rights(4freebsd) | syscalls(2)
refer to exec(3) | fork(2) | kevent(2freebsd) | mq_close(2freebsd) | mq_getattr(2freebsd) | mq_receive(2freebsd) | mq_receive(3) | mq_send(2freebsd) | mq_send(3) | mq_setattr(2freebsd) | mq_unlink(3) | select(2)
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