NICELOAD(1) - man page online | user commands

Slow down a program when the load average is above a certain limit.

NICELOAD(1)                                  parallel                                 NICELOAD(1)


niceload - slow down a program when the load average is above a certain limit


niceload [-v] [-h] [-n nice] [-I io] [-L load] [-M mem] [-N] [--sensor program] [-t time] [-s time|-f factor] ( command | -p PID [-p PID ...] )


GNU niceload will slow down a program when the load average (or other system activity) is above a certain limit. When the limit is reached the program will be suspended for some time. Then resumed again for some time. Then the load average is checked again and we start over. Instead of load average niceload can also look at disk I/O, amount of free memory, or swapping activity. If the load is 3.00 then the default settings will run a program like this: run 1 second, suspend (3.00-1.00) seconds, run 1 second, suspend (3.00-1.00) seconds, run 1 second, ...


-f FACTOR --factor FACTOR Suspend time factor. Dynamically set -s as amount over limit * factor. Default is 1. -H --hard Hard limit. --hard will suspend the process until the system is under the limits. The default is --soft. --io iolimit -I iolimit Limit for I/O. The amount of disk I/O will be computed as a value 0 - 10, where 0 is no I/O and 10 is at least one disk is 100% saturated. --io will set both --start-io and run-io. --load loadlimit -L loadlimit Limit for load average. --load will set both --start-load and run-load. --mem memlimit -M memlimit Limit for free memory. This is the amount of bytes available as free + cache. This limit is treated opposite other limits: If the system is above the limit the program will run, if it is below the limit the program will stop memlimit can be postfixed with K, M, G, T, or P which would multiply the size with 1024, 1048576, 1073741824, or 1099511627776 respectively. --mem will set both --start-mem and run-mem. --noswap -N No swapping. If the system is swapping both in and out it is a good indication that the system is memory stressed. --noswap is over limit if the system is swapping both in and out. --noswap will set both --start-noswap and run-noswap. -n niceness --nice niceness Sets niceness. See nice(1). -p PID (beta testing) --pid PID (beta testing) Process ID of process to suspend. You can specify multiple process IDs with multiple -p PID. --prg program (beta testing) --program program (beta testing) Name of running program to suspend. You can specify multiple programs with multiple --prg program. --quote -q Quote the command line. Useful if the command contains chars like *, $, >, and " that should not be interpreted by the shell. --run-io iolimit --ri iolimit --run-load loadlimit --rl loadlimit --run-mem memlimit --rm memlimit Run limit. The running program will be slowed down if the system is above the limit. See: --io, --load, --mem, --noswap. --sensor sensor program (beta testing) Read sensor. Use sensor program to read a sensor. This will keep the CPU temperature below 80 deg C on GNU/Linux: niceload -l 80000 -f 0.001 --sensor 'sort -n /sys/devices/platform/coretemp*/temp* ↲ _input' gzip * This will stop if the disk space < 100000. niceload -H -l -100000 --sensor "df . | awk '{ print \$4 }'" echo --start-io iolimit --si iolimit --start-load loadlimit --sl loadlimit --start-mem memlimit --sm memlimit Start limit. The program will not start until the system is below the limit. See: --io, --load, --mem, --noswap. --soft -S Soft limit. niceload will suspend a process for a while and then let it run for a second thus only slowing down a process while the system is over one of the given limits. This is the default. --suspend SEC -s SEC Suspend time. Suspend the command this many seconds when the max load average is reached. --recheck SEC -t SEC Recheck load time. Sleep SEC seconds before checking load again. Default is 1 second. --verbose -v Verbose. Print some extra output on what is happening. Use -v until you know what your are doing. EXAMPLE: See niceload in action In terminal 1 run: top In terminal 2 run: niceload -q perl -e '$|=1;do{$l==$r or print "."; $l=$r}until(($r=time-$^T)>50)' This will print a '.' every second for 50 seconds and eat a lot of CPU. When the load rises to 1.0 the process is suspended. EXAMPLE: Run updatedb Running updatedb can often starve the system for disk I/O and thus result in a high load. Run updatedb but suspend updatedb if the load is above 2.00: niceload -L 2 updatedb EXAMPLE: Run rsync rsync can just like updatedb starve the system for disk I/O and thus result in a high load. Run rsync but keep load below 3.4. If load reaches 7 sleep for (7-3.4)*12 seconds: niceload -L 3.4 -f 12 rsync -Ha /home/ /backup/home/ EXAMPLE: Ensure enough disk cache Assume the program foo uses 2 GB files intensively. foo will run fast if the files are in disk cache and be slow as a crawl if they are not in the cache. To ensure 2 GB are reserved for disk cache run: niceload --hard --run-mem 2g foo This will not guarantee that the 2 GB memory will be used for the files for foo, but it will stop foo if the memory for disk cache is too low.


None. In future versions $NICELOAD will be able to contain default settings.


Exit status should be the same as the command being run (untested).


Report bugs to <>.


Copyright (C) 2004-11-19 Ole Tange, Copyright (C) 2005,2006,2006,2008,2009,2010 Ole Tange, Copyright (C) 2010,2011,2012 Ole Tange, and Free Software Foundation, Inc.


Copyright (C) 2010,2011,2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or at your option any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see <>. Documentation license I Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this documentation under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the file fdl.txt. Documentation license II You are free: to Share to copy, distribute and transmit the work to Remix to adapt the work Under the following conditions: Attribution You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Share Alike If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license. With the understanding that: Waiver Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Public Domain Where the work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license. Other Rights In no way are any of the following rights affected by the license: · Your fair dealing or fair use rights, or other applicable copyright exceptions and limitations; · The author's moral rights; · Rights other persons may have either in the work itself or in how the work is used, such as publicity or privacy rights. Notice For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. A copy of the full license is included in the file as cc-by-sa.txt.


GNU niceload uses Perl, and the Perl modules POSIX, and Getopt::Long.


parallel(1), nice(1), uptime(1)
20141022 2014-09-23 NICELOAD(1)
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