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OVN-NB(5) - Linux man page online | File formats

OVN_Northbound database schema.

Chapter
DB Schema 5.10.0
ovn-nb(5) Open vSwitch Manual ovn-nb(5)

NAME

ovn-nb - OVN_Northbound database schema This database is the interface between OVN and the cloud management system (CMS), such as OpenStack, running above it. The CMS produces almost all of the contents of the database. The ovn-northd program monitors the database contents, transforms it, and stores it into the OVN_Southbound database. We generally speak of ``the’’ CMS, but one can imagine scenarios in which multiple CMSes manage different parts of an OVN deployment. External IDs Each of the tables in this database contains a special column, named external_ids. This column has the same form and purpose each place it appears. external_ids: map of string-string pairs Key-value pairs for use by the CMS. The CMS might use certain pairs, for example, to identify entities in its own configuration that correspond to those in this database.

TABLE SUMMARY

The following list summarizes the purpose of each of the tables in the OVN_Northbound database. Each table is described in more detail on a later page. Table Purpose NB_Global Northbound configuration Logical_Switch L2 logical switch Logical_Switch_Port L2 logical switch port Address_Set Address Sets Load_Balancer load balancer ACL Access Control List (ACL) rule Logical_Router L3 logical router QoS QoS table Logical_Router_Port L3 logical router port Logical_Router_Static_Route Logical router static routes NAT NAT rules DHCP_Options DHCP options Connection OVSDB client connections. DNS Native DNS resolution SSL SSL configuration. Gateway_Chassis Gateway_Chassis configuration. NB_Global TABLE Northbound configuration for an OVN system. This table must have exactly one row. Summary: Status: nb_cfg integer sb_cfg integer hv_cfg integer Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Connection Options: connections set of Connections ssl optional SSL Details: Status: These columns allow a client to track the overall configuration state of the system. nb_cfg: integer Sequence number for client to increment. When a client modifies any part of the northbound database configuration and wishes to wait for ovn-northd and possibly all of the hypervisors to finish applying the changes, it may increment this sequence number. sb_cfg: integer Sequence number that ovn-northd sets to the value of nb_cfg after it finishes applying the corresponding configuration changes to the OVN_Southbound database. hv_cfg: integer Sequence number that ovn-northd sets to the smallest sequence number of all the chassis in the system, as reported in the Chassis table in the southbound database. Thus, hv_cfg equals nb_cfg if all chassis are caught up with the northbound config‐ uration (which may never happen, if any chassis is down). This value can regress, if a chassis was removed from the system and rejoins before catching up. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Connection Options: connections: set of Connections Database clients to which the Open vSwitch database server should connect or on which it should listen, along with options for how these connections should be con‐ figured. See the Connection table for more information. ssl: optional SSL Global SSL configuration. Logical_Switch TABLE Each row represents one L2 logical switch. There are two kinds of logical switches, that is, ones that fully virtualize the network (overlay logical switches) and ones that provide simple connectivity to a physical network (bridged logical switches). They work in the same way when providing connectivity between logical ports on same chasis, but differently when connecting remote logical ports. Over‐ lay logical switches connect remote logical ports by tunnels, while bridged logical switches provide connectivity to remote ports by bridging the packets to directly con‐ nected physical L2 segment with the help of localnet ports. Each bridged logical switch has one and only one localnet port, which has only one special address unknown. Summary: ports set of Logical_Switch_Ports load_balancer set of Load_Balancers acls set of ACLs qos_rules set of QoSs dns_records set of weak reference to DNSs Naming: name string external_ids : neutron:network_name optional string IP Address Assignment: other_config : subnet optional string other_config : exclude_ips optional string other_config : ipv6_prefix optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: ports: set of Logical_Switch_Ports The logical ports connected to the logical switch. It is an error for multiple logical switches to include the same logical port. load_balancer: set of Load_Balancers Load balance a virtual ip address to a set of logical port endpoint ip addresses. acls: set of ACLs Access control rules that apply to packets within the logical switch. qos_rules: set of QoSs QoS marking and metering rules that apply to packets within the logical switch. dns_records: set of weak reference to DNSs This column defines the DNS records to be used for resolving internal DNS queries within the logical switch by the native DNS resolver. Please see the DNS table. Naming: These columns provide names for the logical switch. From OVN’s perspective, these names have no special meaning or purpose other than to provide convenience for human interaction with the database. There is no requirement for the name to be unique. (For a unique iden‐ tifier for a logical switch, use its row UUID.) (Originally, name was intended to serve the purpose of a human-friendly name, but the Neu‐ tron integration used it to uniquely identify its own switch object, in the format neu‐ tron-uuid. Later on, Neutron started propagating the friendly name of a switch as exter‐ nal_ids:neutron:network_name. Perhaps this can be cleaned up someday.) name: string A name for the logical switch. external_ids : neutron:network_name: optional string Another name for the logical switch. IP Address Assignment: These options control automatic IP address management (IPAM) for ports attached to the logical switch. To enable IPAM for IPv4, set other_config:subnet and optionally other_con‐ fig:exclude_ips. To enable IPAM for IPv6, set other_config:ipv6_prefix. IPv4 and IPv6 may be enabled together or separately. To request dynamic address assignment for a particular port, use the dynamic keyword in the addresses column of the port’s Logical_Switch_Port row. This requests both an IPv4 and an IPv6 address, if IPAM for IPv4 and IPv6 are both enabled. other_config : subnet: optional string Set this to an IPv4 subnet, e.g. 192.168.0.0/24, to enable ovn-northd to automati‐ cally assign IP addresses within that subnet. other_config : exclude_ips: optional string To exclude some addresses from automatic IP address management, set this to a list of the IPv4 addresses or ..-delimited ranges to exclude. The addresses or ranges should be a subset of those in other_config:subnet. Whether listed or not, ovn-northd will never allocate the first or last address in a subnet, such as 192.168.0.0 or 192.168.0.255 in 192.168.0.0/24. Examples: · 192.168.0.2 192.168.0.10 · 192.168.0.4 192.168.0.30..192.168.0.60 192.168.0.110..192.168.0.120 · 192.168.0.110..192.168.0.120 192.168.0.25..192.168.0.30 192.168.0.144 other_config : ipv6_prefix: optional string Set this to an IPv6 prefix to enable ovn-northd to automatically assign IPv6 addresses using this prefix. The assigned IPv6 address will be generated using the IPv6 prefix and the MAC address (converted to an IEEE EUI64 identifier) of the port. The IPv6 prefix defined here should be a valid IPv6 address ending with ::. Examples: · aef0:: · bef0:1234:a890:5678:: · 8230:5678:: Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Logical_Switch_Port TABLE A port within an L2 logical switch. Summary: Core Features: name string (must be unique within table) type string Options: options map of string-string pairs Options for router ports: options : router-port optional string options : nat-addresses optional string Options for localnet ports: options : network_name optional string Options for l2gateway ports: options : network_name optional string options : l2gateway-chassis optional string Options for vtep ports: options : vtep-physical-switch optional string options : vtep-logical-switch optional string VMI (or VIF) Options: options : requested-chassis optional string options : qos_max_rate optional string options : qos_burst optional string Containers: parent_name optional string tag_request optional integer, in range 0 to 4,095 tag optional integer, in range 1 to 4,095 Port State: up optional boolean enabled optional boolean Addressing: addresses set of strings dynamic_addresses optional string port_security set of strings DHCP: dhcpv4_options optional weak reference to DHCP_Options dhcpv6_options optional weak reference to DHCP_Options Naming: external_ids : neutron:port_name optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: Core Features: name: string (must be unique within table) The logical port name. For entities (VMs or containers) that are spawned in the hypervisor, the name used here must match those used in the external_ids:iface-id in the Open_vSwitch data‐ base’s Interface table, because hypervisors use external_ids:iface-id as a lookup key to identify the network interface of that entity. For containers that share a VIF within a VM, the name can be any unique identifier. See Containers, below, for more information. type: string Specify a type for this logical port. Logical ports can be used to model other types of connectivity into an OVN logical switch. The following types are defined: (empty string) A VM (or VIF) interface. router A connection to a logical router. localnet A connection to a locally accessible network from each ovn-controller instance. A logical switch can only have a single localnet port attached. This is used to model direct connectivity to an existing network. localport A connection to a local VIF. Traffic that arrives on a localport is never forwarded over a tunnel to another chassis. These ports are present on every chassis and have the same address in all of them. This is used to model con‐ nectivity to local services that run on every hypervisor. l2gateway A connection to a physical network. vtep A port to a logical switch on a VTEP gateway. Options: options: map of string-string pairs This column provides key/value settings specific to the logical port type. The type-specific options are described individually below. Options for router ports: These options apply when type is router. options : router-port: optional string Required. The name of the Logical_Router_Port to which this logical switch port is connected. options : nat-addresses: optional string This is used to send gratuitous ARPs for SNAT and DNAT IP addresses via the local‐ net port that is attached to the same logical switch as this type router port. This option is specified on a logical switch port that is connected to a gateway router, or a logical switch port that is connected to a distributed gateway port on a logi‐ cal router. This must take one of the following forms: router Gratuitous ARPs will be sent for all SNAT and DNAT external IP addresses and for all load balancer IP addresses defined on the options:router-port’s log‐ ical router, using the options:router-port’s MAC address. This form of options:nat-addresses is valid for logical switch ports where options:router-port is the name of a port on a gateway router, or the name of a distributed gateway port. Supported only in OVN 2.8 and later. Earlier versions required NAT addresses to be manually synchronized. Ethernet address followed by one or more IPv4 addresses Example: 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 158.36.44.22 158.36.44.24. This would result in generation of gratuitous ARPs for IP addresses 158.36.44.22 and 158.36.44.24 with a MAC address of 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7. This form of options:nat-addresses is only valid for logical switch ports where options:router-port is the name of a port on a gateway router. Options for localnet ports: These options apply when type is localnet. options : network_name: optional string Required. The name of the network to which the localnet port is connected. Each hypervisor, via ovn-controller, uses its local configuration to determine exactly how to connect to this locally accessible network. Options for l2gateway ports: These options apply when type is l2gateway. options : network_name: optional string Required. The name of the network to which the l2gateway port is connected. The L2 gateway, via ovn-controller, uses its local configuration to determine exactly how to connect to this network. options : l2gateway-chassis: optional string Required. The chassis on which the l2gateway logical port should be bound to. ovn-controller running on the defined chassis will connect this logical port to the physical network. Options for vtep ports: These options apply when type is vtep. options : vtep-physical-switch: optional string Required. The name of the VTEP gateway. options : vtep-logical-switch: optional string Required. A logical switch name connected by the VTEP gateway. VMI (or VIF) Options: These options apply to logical ports with type having (empty string) options : requested-chassis: optional string If set, identifies a specific chassis (by name or hostname) that is allowed to bind this port. Using this option will prevent thrashing between two chassis trying to bind the same port during a live migration. It can also prevent similar thrashing due to a mis-configuration, if a port is accidentally created on more than one chassis. options : qos_max_rate: optional string If set, indicates the maximum rate for data sent from this interface, in bit/s. The traffic will be shaped according to this limit. options : qos_burst: optional string If set, indicates the maximum burst size for data sent from this interface, in bits. Containers: When a large number of containers are nested within a VM, it may be too expensive to dedi‐ cate a VIF to each container. OVN can use VLAN tags to support such cases. Each container is assigned a VLAN ID and each packet that passes between the hypervisor and the VM is tagged with the appropriate ID for the container. Such VLAN IDs never appear on a physical wire, even inside a tunnel, so they need not be unique except relative to a single VM on a hypervisor. These columns are used for VIFs that represent nested containers using shared VIFs. For VMs and for containers that have dedicated VIFs, they are empty. parent_name: optional string The VM interface through which the nested container sends its network traffic. This must match the name column for some other Logical_Switch_Port. tag_request: optional integer, in range 0 to 4,095 The VLAN tag in the network traffic associated with a container’s network inter‐ face. The client can request ovn-northd to allocate a tag that is unique within the scope of a specific parent (specified in parent_name) by setting a value of 0 in this column. The allocated value is written by ovn-northd in the tag column. (Note that these tags are allocated and managed locally in ovn-northd, so they cannot be reconstructed in the event that the database is lost.) The client can also request a specific non-zero tag and ovn-northd will honor it and copy that value to the tag column. When type is set to localnet or l2gateway, this can be set to indicate that the port represents a connection to a specific VLAN on a locally accessible network. The VLAN ID is used to match incoming traffic and is also added to outgoing traf‐ fic. tag: optional integer, in range 1 to 4,095 The VLAN tag allocated by ovn-northd based on the contents of the tag_request col‐ umn. Port State: up: optional boolean This column is populated by ovn-northd, rather than by the CMS plugin as is most of this database. When a logical port is bound to a physical location in the OVN Southbound database Binding table, ovn-northd sets this column to true; otherwise, or if the port becomes unbound later, it sets it to false. This allows the CMS to wait for a VM’s (or container’s) networking to become active before it allows the VM (or container) to start. Logical ports of router type are an exception to this rule. They are considered to be always up, that is this column is always set to true. enabled: optional boolean This column is used to administratively set port state. If this column is empty or is set to true, the port is enabled. If this column is set to false, the port is disabled. A disabled port has all ingress and egress traffic dropped. Addressing: addresses: set of strings Addresses owned by the logical port. Each element in the set must take one of the following forms: Ethernet address followed by zero or more IPv4 or IPv6 addresses (or both) An Ethernet address defined is owned by the logical port. Like a physical Ethernet NIC, a logical port ordinarily has a single fixed Ethernet address. When a OVN logical switch processes a unicast Ethernet frame whose destina‐ tion MAC address is in a logical port’s addresses column, it delivers it only to that port, as if a MAC learning process had learned that MAC address on the port. If IPv4 or IPv6 address(es) (or both) are defined, it indicates that the logical port owns the given IP addresses. If IPv4 address(es) are defined, the OVN logical switch uses this informa‐ tion to synthesize responses to ARP requests without traversing the physical network. The OVN logical router connected to the logical switch, if any, uses this information to avoid issuing ARP requests for logical switch ports. Note that the order here is important. The Ethernet address must be listed before the IP address(es) if defined. Examples: 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 This indicates that the logical port owns the above mac address. 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 10.0.0.4 20.0.0.4 This indicates that the logical port owns the mac address and two IPv4 addresses. 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 fdaa:15f2:72cf:0:f816:3eff:fe20:3f41 This indicates that the logical port owns the mac address and 1 IPv6 address. 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 10.0.0.4 fdaa:15f2:72cf:0:f816:3eff:fe20:3f41 This indicates that the logical port owns the mac address and 1 IPv4 address and 1 IPv6 address. unknown This indicates that the logical port has an unknown set of Ethernet addresses. When an OVN logical switch processes a unicast Ethernet frame whose destination MAC address is not in any logical port’s addresses column, it delivers it to the port (or ports) whose addresses columns include unknown. dynamic Use this keyword to make ovn-northd generate a globally unique MAC address and choose an unused IPv4 address with the logical port’s subnet and store them in the port’s dynamic_addresses column. ovn-northd will use the subnet specified in other_config:subnet in the port’s Logical_Switch. Ethernet address followed by keyword "dynamic" The keyword dynamic after the MAC address indicates that ovn-northd should choose an unused IPv4 address from the logical port’s subnet and store it with the specified MAC in the port’s dynamic_addresses column. ovn-northd will use the subnet specified in other_config:subnet in the port’s Logi‐ cal_Switch table. Examples: 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 dynamic This indicates that the logical port owns the specified MAC address and ovn-northd should allocate an unused IPv4 address for the logical port from the corresponding logical switch subnet. router Accepted only when type is router. This indicates that the Ethernet, IPv4, and IPv6 addresses for this logical switch port should be obtained from the connected logical router port, as specified by router-port in options. The resulting addresses are used to populate the logical switch’s destina‐ tion lookup, and also for the logical switch to generate ARP and ND replies. If the connected logical router port has a redirect-chassis specified and the logical router has rules specified in nat with external_mac, then those addresses are also used to populate the switch’s destination lookup. Supported only in OVN 2.7 and later. Earlier versions required router addresses to be manually synchronized. dynamic_addresses: optional string Addresses assigned to the logical port by ovn-northd, if dynamic is specified in addresses. Addresses will be of the same format as those that populate the addresses column. Note that dynamically assigned addresses are constructed and man‐ aged locally in ovn-northd, so they cannot be reconstructed in the event that the database is lost. port_security: set of strings This column controls the addresses from which the host attached to the logical port (``the host’’) is allowed to send packets and to which it is allowed to receive packets. If this column is empty, all addresses are permitted. Each element in the set must begin with one Ethernet address. This would restrict the host to sending packets from and receiving packets to the ethernet addresses defined in the logical port’s port_security column. It also restricts the inner source MAC addresses that the host may send in ARP and IPv6 Neighbor Discovery packets. The host is always allowed to receive packets to multicast and broadcast Ethernet addresses. Each element in the set may additionally contain one or more IPv4 or IPv6 addresses (or both), with optional masks. If a mask is given, it must be a CIDR mask. In addition to the restrictions described for Ethernet addresses above, such an ele‐ ment restricts the IPv4 or IPv6 addresses from which the host may send and to which it may receive packets to the specified addresses. A masked address, if the host part is zero, indicates that the host is allowed to use any address in the subnet; if the host part is nonzero, the mask simply indicates the size of the subnet. In addition: · If any IPv4 address is given, the host is also allowed to receive packets to the IPv4 local broadcast address 255.255.255.255 and to IPv4 multicast addresses (224.0.0.0/4). If an IPv4 address with a mask is given, the host is also allowed to receive packets to the broadcast address in that speci‐ fied subnet. If any IPv4 address is given, the host is additionally restricted to sending ARP packets with the specified source IPv4 address. (RARP is not restricted.) · If any IPv6 address is given, the host is also allowed to receive packets to IPv6 multicast addresses (ff00::/8). If any IPv6 address is given, the host is additionally restricted to sending IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Solicitation or Advertisement packets with the spec‐ ified source address or, for solicitations, the unspecified address. If an element includes an IPv4 address, but no IPv6 addresses, then IPv6 traffic is not allowed. If an element includes an IPv6 address, but no IPv4 address, then IPv4 and ARP traffic is not allowed. This column uses the same lexical syntax as the match column in the OVN Southbound database’s Pipeline table. Multiple addresses within an element may be space or comma separated. This column is provided as a convenience to cloud management systems, but all of the features that it implements can be implemented as ACLs using the ACL table. Examples: 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 The host may send traffic from and receive traffic to the specified MAC address, and to receive traffic to Ethernet multicast and broadcast addresses, but not otherwise. The host may not send ARP or IPv6 Neighbor Discovery packets with inner source Ethernet addresses other than the one specified. 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 192.168.1.10/24 This adds further restrictions to the first example. The host may send IPv4 packets from or receive IPv4 packets to only 192.168.1.10, except that it may also receive IPv4 packets to 192.168.1.255 (based on the subnet mask), 255.255.255.255, and any address in 224.0.0.0/4. The host may not send ARPs with a source Ethernet address other than 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 or source IPv4 address other than 192.168.1.10. The host may not send or receive any IPv6 (including IPv6 Neighbor Discovery) traffic. "80:fa:5b:12:42:ba", "80:fa:5b:06:72:b7 192.168.1.10/24" The host may send traffic from and receive traffic to the specified MAC addresses, and to receive traffic to Ethernet multicast and broadcast addresses, but not otherwise. With MAC 80:fa:5b:12:42:ba, the host may send traffic from and receive traffic to any L3 address. With MAC 80:fa:5b:06:72:b7, the host may send IPv4 packets from or receive IPv4 pack‐ ets to only 192.168.1.10, except that it may also receive IPv4 packets to 192.168.1.255 (based on the subnet mask), 255.255.255.255, and any address in 224.0.0.0/4. The host may not send or receive any IPv6 (including IPv6 Neighbor Discovery) traffic. DHCP: dhcpv4_options: optional weak reference to DHCP_Options This column defines the DHCPv4 Options to be included by the ovn-controller when it replies to the DHCPv4 requests. Please see the DHCP_Options table. dhcpv6_options: optional weak reference to DHCP_Options This column defines the DHCPv6 Options to be included by the ovn-controller when it replies to the DHCPv6 requests. Please see the DHCP_Options table. Naming: external_ids : neutron:port_name: optional string This column gives an optional human-friendly name for the port. This name has no special meaning or purpose other than to provide convenience for human interaction with the northbound database. Neutron copies this from its own port object’s name. (Neutron ports do are not assigned human-friendly names by default, so it will often be empty.) Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. The ovn-northd program copies all these pairs into the external_ids column of the Port_Binding table in OVN_Southbound database. Address_Set TABLE Each row in this table represents a named set of addresses. An address set may contain Ethernet, IPv4, or IPv6 addresses with optional bitwise or CIDR masks. Address set may ultimately be used in ACLs to compare against fields such as ip4.src or ip6.src. A single address set must contain addresses of the same type. As an example, the following would create an address set with three IP addresses: ovn-nbctl create Address_Set name=set1 addresses=’10.0.0.1 10.0.0.2 10.0.0.3’ Address sets may be used in the match column of the ACL table. For syntax information, see the details of the expression language used for the match column in the Logical_Flow table of the OVN_Southbound database. Summary: name string (must be unique within table) addresses set of strings Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: name: string (must be unique within table) A name for the address set. Names are ASCII and must match [a-zA-Z_.][a-zA-Z_.0-9]*. addresses: set of strings The set of addresses in string form. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Load_Balancer TABLE Each row represents one load balancer. Summary: name string vips map of string-string pairs protocol optional string, either tcp or udp Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: name: string A name for the load balancer. This name has no special meaning or purpose other than to provide convenience for human interaction with the ovn-nb database. vips: map of string-string pairs A map of virtual IP addresses (and an optional port number with : as a separator) associated with this load balancer and their corresponding endpoint IP addresses (and optional port numbers with : as separators) separated by commas. If the desti‐ nation IP address (and port number) of a packet leaving a container or a VM matches the virtual IP address (and port number) provided here as a key, then OVN will statefully replace the destination IP address by one of the provided IP address (and port number) in this map as a value. IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are supported for load balancing; however a VIP of one address family may not be mapped to a destina‐ tion IP address of a different family. If specifying an IPv6 address with a port, the address portion must be enclosed in square brackets. Examples for keys are "192.168.1.4" and "[fd0f::1]:8800". Examples for value are "10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2" and "20.0.0.10:8800, 20.0.0.11:8800". protocol: optional string, either tcp or udp Valid protocols are tcp or udp. This column is useful when a port number is pro‐ vided as part of the vips column. If this column is empty and a port number is pro‐ vided as part of vips column, OVN assumes the protocol to be tcp. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document.

ACL TABLE

Each row in this table represents one ACL rule for a logical switch that points to it through its acls column. The action column for the highest-priority matching row in this table determines a packet’s treatment. If no row matches, packets are allowed by default. (Default-deny treatment is possible: add a rule with priority 0, 0 as match, and deny as action.) Summary: priority integer, in range 0 to 32,767 direction string, either from-lport or to-lport match string action string, one of allow-related, allow, drop, or reject Logging: log boolean name optional string, at most 63 characters long severity optional string, one of alert, debug, info, notice, or warn‐ ing Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: priority: integer, in range 0 to 32,767 The ACL rule’s priority. Rules with numerically higher priority take precedence over those with lower. If two ACL rules with the same priority both match, then the one actually applied to a packet is undefined. Return traffic from an allow-related flow is always allowed and cannot be changed through an ACL. direction: string, either from-lport or to-lport Direction of the traffic to which this rule should apply: · from-lport: Used to implement filters on traffic arriving from a logical port. These rules are applied to the logical switch’s ingress pipeline. · to-lport: Used to implement filters on traffic forwarded to a logical port. These rules are applied to the logical switch’s egress pipeline. match: string The packets that the ACL should match, in the same expression language used for the match column in the OVN Southbound database’s Logical_Flow table. The outport logi‐ cal port is only available in the to-lport direction (the inport is available in both directions). By default all traffic is allowed. When writing a more restrictive policy, it is important to remember to allow flows such as ARP and IPv6 neighbor discovery pack‐ ets. Note that you can not create an ACL matching on a port with type=router or type=localnet. action: string, one of allow-related, allow, drop, or reject The action to take when the ACL rule matches: · allow: Forward the packet. · allow-related: Forward the packet and related traffic (e.g. inbound replies to an outbound connection). · drop: Silently drop the packet. · reject: Drop the packet, replying with a RST for TCP or ICMP unreachable message for other IP-based protocols. Not implemented--currently treated as drop Logging: These columns control whether and how OVN logs packets that match an ACL. log: boolean If set to true, packets that match the ACL will trigger a log message on the trans‐ port node or nodes that perform ACL processing. Logging may be combined with any action. If set to false, the remaining columns in this group have no significance. name: optional string, at most 63 characters long This name, if it is provided, is included in log records. It provides the adminis‐ trator and the cloud management system a way to associate a log record with a par‐ ticular ACL. severity: optional string, one of alert, debug, info, notice, or warning The severity of the ACL. The severity levels match those of syslog, in decreasing level of severity: alert, warning, notice, info, or debug. When the column is empty, the default is info. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Logical_Router TABLE Each row represents one L3 logical router. Summary: ports set of Logical_Router_Ports static_routes set of Logical_Router_Static_Routes enabled optional boolean nat set of NATs load_balancer set of Load_Balancers Naming: name string external_ids : neutron:router_name optional string Options: options : chassis optional string options : dnat_force_snat_ip optional string options : lb_force_snat_ip optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: ports: set of Logical_Router_Ports The router’s ports. static_routes: set of Logical_Router_Static_Routes One or more static routes for the router. enabled: optional boolean This column is used to administratively set router state. If this column is empty or is set to true, the router is enabled. If this column is set to false, the router is disabled. A disabled router has all ingress and egress traffic dropped. nat: set of NATs One or more NAT rules for the router. NAT rules only work on Gateway routers, and on distributed routers with one logical router port with a redirect-chassis speci‐ fied. load_balancer: set of Load_Balancers Load balance a virtual ip address to a set of logical port ip addresses. Load bal‐ ancer rules only work on the Gateway routers. Naming: These columns provide names for the logical router. From OVN’s perspective, these names have no special meaning or purpose other than to provide convenience for human interaction with the northbound database. There is no requirement for the name to be unique. (For a unique identifier for a logical router, use its row UUID.) (Originally, name was intended to serve the purpose of a human-friendly name, but the Neu‐ tron integration used it to uniquely identify its own router object, in the format neu‐ tron-uuid. Later on, Neutron started propagating the friendly name of a router as exter‐ nal_ids:neutron:router_name. Perhaps this can be cleaned up someday.) name: string A name for the logical router. external_ids : neutron:router_name: optional string Another name for the logical router. Options: Additional options for the logical router. options : chassis: optional string If set, indicates that the logical router in question is a Gateway router (which is centralized) and resides in the set chassis. The same value is also used by ovn-controller to uniquely identify the chassis in the OVN deployment and comes from external_ids:system-id in the Open_vSwitch table of Open_vSwitch database. The Gateway router can only be connected to a distributed router via a switch if SNAT and DNAT are to be configured in the Gateway router. options : dnat_force_snat_ip: optional string If set, indicates the IP address to use to force SNAT a packet that has already been DNATed in the gateway router. When multiple gateway routers are configured, a packet can potentially enter any of the gateway router, get DNATted and eventually reach the logical switch port. For the return traffic to go back to the same gate‐ way router (for unDNATing), the packet needs a SNAT in the first place. This can be achieved by setting the above option with a gateway specific IP address. options : lb_force_snat_ip: optional string If set, indicates the IP address to use to force SNAT a packet that has already been load-balanced in the gateway router. When multiple gateway routers are config‐ ured, a packet can potentially enter any of the gateway routers, get DNATted as part of the load- balancing and eventually reach the logical switch port. For the return traffic to go back to the same gateway router (for unDNATing), the packet needs a SNAT in the first place. This can be achieved by setting the above option with a gateway specific IP address. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. QoS TABLE Each row in this table represents one QoS rule for a logical switch that points to it through its qos_rules column. Two types of QoS are supported: DSCP marking and metering. A match with the highest-priority will have QoS applied to it. If the action column is spec‐ ified, then matching packets will have DSCP marking applied. If the bandwdith column is specified, then matching packets will have metering applied. action and bandwdith are not exclusive, so both marking and metering by defined for the same QoS entry. If no row matches, packets will not have any QoS applied. Summary: priority integer, in range 0 to 32,767 direction string, either from-lport or to-lport match string action map of string-integer pairs, key must be dscp, value in range 0 to 63 bandwidth map of string-integer pairs, key either burst or rate, value in range 1 to 4,294,967,295 external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: priority: integer, in range 0 to 32,767 The QoS rule’s priority. Rules with numerically higher priority take precedence over those with lower. If two QoS rules with the same priority both match, then the one actually applied to a packet is undefined. direction: string, either from-lport or to-lport The value of this field is similar to ACL column in the OVN Northbound database’s ACL table. match: string The packets that the QoS rules should match, in the same expression language used for the match column in the OVN Southbound database’s Logical_Flow table. The out‐ port logical port is only available in the to-lport direction (the inport is avail‐ able in both directions). action: map of string-integer pairs, key must be dscp, value in range 0 to 63 When specified, matching flows will have DSCP marking applied. · dscp: The value of this action should be in the range of 0 to 63 (inclu‐ sive). bandwidth: map of string-integer pairs, key either burst or rate, value in range 1 to 4,294,967,295 When specified, matching packets will have bandwidth metering applied. Traffic over the limit will be dropped. · rate: The value of rate limit in kbps. · burst: The value of burst rate limit in kilobits. This is optional and needs to specify the rate. external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Logical_Router_Port TABLE A port within an L3 logical router. Exactly one Logical_Router row must reference a given logical router port. Summary: name string (must be unique within table) gateway_chassis set of Gateway_Chassiss networks set of 1 or more strings mac string enabled optional boolean ipv6_ra_configs: ipv6_ra_configs : address_mode optional string ipv6_ra_configs : mtu optional string ipv6_ra_configs : send_periodic optional string ipv6_ra_configs : max_interval optional string ipv6_ra_configs : min_interval optional string Options: options : redirect-chassis optional string Attachment: peer optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: name: string (must be unique within table) A name for the logical router port. In addition to provide convenience for human interaction with the northbound data‐ base, this column is used as reference by its patch port in Logical_Switch_Port or another logical router port in Logical_Router_Port. gateway_chassis: set of Gateway_Chassiss If set, this indicates that this logical router port represents a distributed gate‐ way port that connects this router to a logical switch with a localnet port. There may be at most one such logical router port on each logical router. Several Gateway_Chassis can be referenced for a given logical router port. A single Gateway_Chassis is functionally equivalent to setting options:redirect-chassis. Refer to the description of options:redirect-chassis for additional details on gateway handling. Defining more than one Gateway_Chassis will enable gateway high availability. Only one gateway will be active at a time. OVN chassis will use BFD to monitor connec‐ tivity to a gateway. If connectivity to the active gateway is interrupted, another gateway will become active. The priority column specifies the order that gateways will be chosen by OVN. networks: set of 1 or more strings The IP addresses and netmasks of the router. For example, 192.168.0.1/24 indicates that the router’s IP address is 192.168.0.1 and that packets destined to 192.168.0.x should be routed to this port. A logical router port always adds a link-local IPv6 address (fe80::/64) automati‐ cally generated from the interface’s MAC address using the modified EUI-64 format. mac: string The Ethernet address that belongs to this router port. enabled: optional boolean This column is used to administratively set port state. If this column is empty or is set to true, the port is enabled. If this column is set to false, the port is disabled. A disabled port has all ingress and egress traffic dropped. ipv6_ra_configs: This column defines the IPv6 ND RA address mode and ND MTU Option to be included by ovn-controller when it replies to the IPv6 Router solicitation requests. ipv6_ra_configs : address_mode: optional string The address mode to be used for IPv6 address configuration. The supported values are: · slaac: Address configuration using Router Advertisement (RA) packet. The IPv6 prefixes defined in the Logical_Router_Port table’s networks column will be included in the RA’s ICMPv6 option - Prefix information. · dhcpv6_stateful: Address configuration using DHCPv6. · dhcpv6_stateless: Address configuration using Router Advertisement (RA) packet. Other IPv6 options are provided by DHCPv6. ipv6_ra_configs : mtu: optional string The recommended MTU for the link. Default is 0, which means no MTU Option will be included in RA packet replied by ovn-controller. Per RFC 2460, the mtu value is recommended no less than 1280, so any mtu value less than 1280 will be considered as no MTU Option. ipv6_ra_configs : send_periodic: optional string If set to true, then this router interface will send router advertisements periodi‐ cally. The default is false. ipv6_ra_configs : max_interval: optional string The maximum number of seconds to wait between sending periodic router advertise‐ ments. This option has no effect if ipv6_ra_configs:send_periodic is false. The default is 600. ipv6_ra_configs : min_interval: optional string The minimum number of seconds to wait between sending periodic router advertise‐ ments. This option has no effect if ipv6_ra_configs:send_periodic is false. The default is one-third of ipv6_ra_configs:max_interval, i.e. 200 seconds if that key is unset. Options: Additional options for the logical router port. options : redirect-chassis: optional string If set, this indicates that this logical router port represents a distributed gate‐ way port that connects this router to a logical switch with a localnet port. There may be at most one such logical router port on each logical router. Even when a redirect-chassis is specified, the logical router port still effec‐ tively resides on each chassis. However, due to the implications of the use of L2 learning in the physical network, as well as the need to support advanced features such as one-to-many NAT (aka IP masquerading), a subset of the logical router pro‐ cessing is handled in a centralized manner on the specified redirect-chassis. When this option is specified, the peer logical switch port’s addresses must be set to router. With this setting, the external_macs specified in NAT rules are automat‐ ically programmed in the peer logical switch’s destination lookup on the chassis where the logical_port resides. In addition, the logical router’s MAC address is automatically programmed in the peer logical switch’s destination lookup flow on the redirect-chassis. When this option is specified and it is desired to generate gratuitous ARPs for NAT addresses, then the peer logical switch port’s options:nat-addresses should be set to router. While options:redirect-chassis is still supported for backwards compatibility, it is now preferred to specify one or more gateway_chassis instead. It is functionally equivalent, but allows you to specify multiple chassis to enable high availability. Attachment: A given router port serves one of two purposes: · To attach a logical switch to a logical router. A logical router port of this type is referenced by exactly one Logical_Switch_Port of type router. The value of name is set as router-port in column options of Logi‐ cal_Switch_Port. In this case peer column is empty. · To connect one logical router to another. This requires a pair of logical router ports, each connected to a different router. Each router port in the pair specifies the other in its peer column. No Logical_Switch refers to the router port. peer: optional string For a router port used to connect two logical routers, this identifies the other router port in the pair by name. For a router port attached to a logical switch, this column is empty. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Logical_Router_Static_Route TABLE Each record represents a static route. When multiple routes match a packet, the longest-prefix match is chosen. For a given pre‐ fix length, a dst-ip route is preferred over a src-ip route. Summary: ip_prefix string policy optional string, either dst-ip or src-ip nexthop string output_port optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: ip_prefix: string IP prefix of this route (e.g. 192.168.100.0/24). policy: optional string, either dst-ip or src-ip If it is specified, this setting describes the policy used to make routing deci‐ sions. This setting must be one of the following strings: · src-ip: This policy sends the packet to the nexthop when the packet’s source IP address matches ip_prefix. · dst-ip: This policy sends the packet to the nexthop when the packet’s desti‐ nation IP address matches ip_prefix. If not specified, the default is dst-ip. nexthop: string Nexthop IP address for this route. Nexthop IP address should be the IP address of a connected router port or the IP address of a logical port. output_port: optional string The name of the Logical_Router_Port via which the packet needs to be sent out. This is optional and when not specified, OVN will automatically figure this out based on the nexthop. When this is specified and there are multiple IP addresses on the router port and none of them are in the same subnet of nexthop, OVN chooses the first IP address as the one via which the nexthop is reachable. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document.

NAT TABLE

Each record represents a NAT rule. Summary: type string, one of dnat, dnat_and_snat, or snat external_ip string external_mac optional string logical_ip string logical_port optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: type: string, one of dnat, dnat_and_snat, or snat Type of the NAT rule. · When type is dnat, the externally visible IP address external_ip is DNATted to the IP address logical_ip in the logical space. · When type is snat, IP packets with their source IP address that either matches the IP address in logical_ip or is in the network provided by logi‐ cal_ip is SNATed into the IP address in external_ip. · When type is dnat_and_snat, the externally visible IP address external_ip is DNATted to the IP address logical_ip in the logical space. In addition, IP packets with the source IP address that matches logical_ip is SNATed into the IP address in external_ip. external_ip: string An IPv4 address. external_mac: optional string A MAC address. This is only used on the gateway port on distributed routers. This must be speci‐ fied in order for the NAT rule to be processed in a distributed manner on all chas‐ sis. If this is not specified for a NAT rule on a distributed router, then this NAT rule will be processed in a centralized manner on the gateway port instance on the redirect-chassis. This MAC address must be unique on the logical switch that the gateway port is attached to. If the MAC address used on the logical_port is globally unique, then that MAC address can be specified as this external_mac. logical_ip: string An IPv4 network (e.g 192.168.1.0/24) or an IPv4 address. logical_port: optional string The name of the logical port where the logical_ip resides. This is only used on distributed routers. This must be specified in order for the NAT rule to be processed in a distributed manner on all chassis. If this is not specified for a NAT rule on a distributed router, then this NAT rule will be pro‐ cessed in a centralized manner on the gateway port instance on the redirect-chas‐ sis. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. DHCP_Options TABLE OVN implements native DHCPv4 support which caters to the common use case of providing an IPv4 address to a booting instance by providing stateless replies to DHCPv4 requests based on statically configured address mappings. To do this it allows a short list of DHCPv4 options to be configured and applied at each compute host running ovn-controller. OVN also implements native DHCPv6 support which provides stateless replies to DHCPv6 requests. Summary: cidr string DHCPv4 options: Mandatory DHCPv4 options: options : server_id optional string options : server_mac optional string options : lease_time optional string, containing an integer, in range 0 to 4,294,967,295 IPv4 DHCP Options: options : router optional string options : netmask optional string options : dns_server optional string options : log_server optional string options : lpr_server optional string options : swap_server optional string options : policy_filter optional string options : router_solicitation optional string options : nis_server optional string options : ntp_server optional string options : tftp_server optional string options : classless_static_route optional string options : ms_classless_static_route optional string options : wpad optional string Boolean DHCP Options: options : ip_forward_enable optional string, either 0 or 1 options : router_discovery optional string, either 0 or 1 options : ethernet_encap optional string, either 0 or 1 Integer DHCP Options: options : default_ttl optional string, containing an integer, in range 0 to 255 options : tcp_ttl optional string, containing an integer, in range 0 to 255 options : mtu optional string, containing an integer, in range 68 to 65,535 options : T1 optional string, containing an integer, in range 68 to 4,294,967,295 options : T2 optional string, containing an integer, in range 68 to 4,294,967,295 DHCPv6 options: Mandatory DHCPv6 options: options : server_id optional string IPv6 DHCPv6 options: options : dns_server optional string String DHCPv6 options: options : domain_search optional string options : dhcpv6_stateless optional string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: cidr: string The DHCPv4/DHCPv6 options will be included if the logical port has its IP address in this cidr. DHCPv4 options: The CMS should define the set of DHCPv4 options as key/value pairs in the options column of this table. For ovn-controller to include these DHCPv4 options, the dhcpv4_options of Logical_Switch_Port should refer to an entry in this table. Mandatory DHCPv4 options: The following options must be defined. options : server_id: optional string The IP address for the DHCP server to use. This should be in the subnet of the offered IP. This is also included in the DHCP offer as option 54, ``server identi‐ fier.’’ options : server_mac: optional string The Ethernet address for the DHCP server to use. options : lease_time: optional string, containing an integer, in range 0 to 4,294,967,295 The offered lease time in seconds, The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 51. IPv4 DHCP Options: Below are the supported DHCPv4 options whose values are an IPv4 address, e.g. 192.168.1.1. Some options accept multiple IPv4 addresses enclosed within curly braces, e.g. {192.168.1.2, 192.168.1.3}. Please refer to RFC 2132 for more details on DHCPv4 options and their codes. options : router: optional string The IP address of a gateway for the client to use. This should be in the subnet of the offered IP. The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 3. options : netmask: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 1. options : dns_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 6. options : log_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 7. options : lpr_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 9. options : swap_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 16. options : policy_filter: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 21. options : router_solicitation: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 32. options : nis_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 41. options : ntp_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 42. options : tftp_server: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 66. options : classless_static_route: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 121. This option can contain one or more static routes, each of which consists of a des‐ tination descriptor and the IP address of the router that should be used to reach that destination. Please see RFC 3442 for more details. Example: {30.0.0.0/24,10.0.0.10, 0.0.0.0/0,10.0.0.1} options : ms_classless_static_route: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 249. This option is similar to class‐ less_static_route supported by Microsoft Windows DHCPv4 clients. options : wpad: optional string The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 252. This option is used as part of web proxy auto discovery to provide a URL for a web proxy. Boolean DHCP Options: These options accept a Boolean value, expressed as 0 for false or 1 for true. options : ip_forward_enable: optional string, either 0 or 1 The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 19. options : router_discovery: optional string, either 0 or 1 The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 31. options : ethernet_encap: optional string, either 0 or 1 The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 36. Integer DHCP Options: These options accept a nonnegative integer value. options : default_ttl: optional string, containing an integer, in range 0 to 255 The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 23. options : tcp_ttl: optional string, containing an integer, in range 0 to 255 The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 37. options : mtu: optional string, containing an integer, in range 68 to 65,535 The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 26. options : T1: optional string, containing an integer, in range 68 to 4,294,967,295 This specifies the time interval from address assignment until the client begins trying to renew its address. The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 58. options : T2: optional string, containing an integer, in range 68 to 4,294,967,295 This specifies the time interval from address assignment until the client begins trying to rebind its address. The DHCPv4 option code for this option is 59. DHCPv6 options: OVN also implements native DHCPv6 support. The CMS should define the set of DHCPv6 options as key/value pairs. The define DHCPv6 options will be included in the DHCPv6 response to the DHCPv6 Solicit/Request/Confirm packet from the logical ports having the IPv6 addresses in the cidr. Mandatory DHCPv6 options: The following options must be defined. options : server_id: optional string The Ethernet address for the DHCP server to use. This is also included in the DHCPv6 reply as option 2, ``Server Identifier’’ to carry a DUID identifying a server between a client and a server. ovn-controller defines DUID based on Link- layer Address [DUID-LL]. IPv6 DHCPv6 options: Below are the supported DHCPv6 options whose values are an IPv6 address, e.g. aef0::4. Some options accept multiple IPv6 addresses enclosed within curly braces, e.g. {aef0::4, aef0::5}. Please refer to RFC 3315 for more details on DHCPv6 options and their codes. options : dns_server: optional string The DHCPv6 option code for this option is 23. This option specifies the DNS servers that the VM should use. String DHCPv6 options: These options accept string values. options : domain_search: optional string The DHCPv6 option code for this option is 24. This option specifies the domain search list the client should use to resolve hostnames with DNS. Example: "ovn.org". options : dhcpv6_stateless: optional string This option specifies the OVN native DHCPv6 will work in stateless mode, which means OVN native DHCPv6 will not offer IPv6 addresses for VM/VIF ports, but only reply other configurations, such as DNS and domain search list. When setting this option with string value "true", VM/VIF will configure IPv6 addresses by stateless way. Default value for this option is false. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document. Connection TABLE Configuration for a database connection to an Open vSwitch database (OVSDB) client. This table primarily configures the Open vSwitch database server (ovsdb-server). The Open vSwitch database server can initiate and maintain active connections to remote clients. It can also listen for database connections. Summary: Core Features: target string (must be unique within table) Client Failure Detection and Handling: max_backoff optional integer, at least 1,000 inactivity_probe optional integer Status: is_connected boolean status : last_error optional string status : state optional string, one of ACTIVE, BACKOFF, CONNECTING, IDLE, or VOID status : sec_since_connect optional string, containing an integer, at least 0 status : sec_since_disconnect optional string, containing an integer, at least 0 status : locks_held optional string status : locks_waiting optional string status : locks_lost optional string status : n_connections optional string, containing an integer, at least 2 status : bound_port optional string, containing an integer Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs other_config map of string-string pairs Details: Core Features: target: string (must be unique within table) Connection methods for clients. The following connection methods are currently supported: ssl:ip[:port] The specified SSL port on the host at the given ip, which must be expressed as an IP address (not a DNS name). A valid SSL configuration must be pro‐ vided when this form is used, this configuration can be specified via com‐ mand-line options or the SSL table. If port is not specified, it defaults to 6640. SSL support is an optional feature that is not always built as part of Open vSwitch. tcp:ip[:port] The specified TCP port on the host at the given ip, which must be expressed as an IP address (not a DNS name), where ip can be IPv4 or IPv6 address. If ip is an IPv6 address, wrap it in square brackets, e.g. tcp:[::1]:6640. If port is not specified, it defaults to 6640. pssl:[port][:ip] Listens for SSL connections on the specified TCP port. Specify 0 for port to have the kernel automatically choose an available port. If ip, which must be expressed as an IP address (not a DNS name), is specified, then connections are restricted to the specified local IP address (either IPv4 or IPv6 address). If ip is an IPv6 address, wrap in square brackets, e.g. pssl:6640:[::1]. If ip is not specified then it listens only on IPv4 (but not IPv6) addresses. A valid SSL configuration must be provided when this form is used, this can be specified either via command-line options or the SSL table. If port is not specified, it defaults to 6640. SSL support is an optional feature that is not always built as part of Open vSwitch. ptcp:[port][:ip] Listens for connections on the specified TCP port. Specify 0 for port to have the kernel automatically choose an available port. If ip, which must be expressed as an IP address (not a DNS name), is specified, then connections are restricted to the specified local IP address (either IPv4 or IPv6 address). If ip is an IPv6 address, wrap it in square brackets, e.g. ptcp:6640:[::1]. If ip is not specified then it listens only on IPv4 addresses. If port is not specified, it defaults to 6640. When multiple clients are configured, the target values must be unique. Duplicate target values yield unspecified results. Client Failure Detection and Handling: max_backoff: optional integer, at least 1,000 Maximum number of milliseconds to wait between connection attempts. Default is implementation-specific. inactivity_probe: optional integer Maximum number of milliseconds of idle time on connection to the client before sending an inactivity probe message. If Open vSwitch does not communicate with the client for the specified number of seconds, it will send a probe. If a response is not received for the same additional amount of time, Open vSwitch assumes the con‐ nection has been broken and attempts to reconnect. Default is implementation-spe‐ cific. A value of 0 disables inactivity probes. Status: Key-value pair of is_connected is always updated. Other key-value pairs in the status col‐ umns may be updated depends on the target type. When target specifies a connection method that listens for inbound connections (e.g. ptcp: or punix:), both n_connections and is_connected may also be updated while the remaining key-value pairs are omitted. On the other hand, when target specifies an outbound connection, all key-value pairs may be updated, except the above-mentioned two key-value pairs associated with inbound connec‐ tion targets. They are omitted. is_connected: boolean true if currently connected to this client, false otherwise. status : last_error: optional string A human-readable description of the last error on the connection to the manager; i.e. strerror(errno). This key will exist only if an error has occurred. status : state: optional string, one of ACTIVE, BACKOFF, CONNECTING, IDLE, or VOID The state of the connection to the manager: VOID Connection is disabled. BACKOFF Attempting to reconnect at an increasing period. CONNECTING Attempting to connect. ACTIVE Connected, remote host responsive. IDLE Connection is idle. Waiting for response to keep-alive. These values may change in the future. They are provided only for human consump‐ tion. status : sec_since_connect: optional string, containing an integer, at least 0 The amount of time since this client last successfully connected to the database (in seconds). Value is empty if client has never successfully been connected. status : sec_since_disconnect: optional string, containing an integer, at least 0 The amount of time since this client last disconnected from the database (in sec‐ onds). Value is empty if client has never disconnected. status : locks_held: optional string Space-separated list of the names of OVSDB locks that the connection holds. Omitted if the connection does not hold any locks. status : locks_waiting: optional string Space-separated list of the names of OVSDB locks that the connection is currently waiting to acquire. Omitted if the connection is not waiting for any locks. status : locks_lost: optional string Space-separated list of the names of OVSDB locks that the connection has had stolen by another OVSDB client. Omitted if no locks have been stolen from this connection. status : n_connections: optional string, containing an integer, at least 2 When target specifies a connection method that listens for inbound connections (e.g. ptcp: or pssl:) and more than one connection is actually active, the value is the number of active connections. Otherwise, this key-value pair is omitted. status : bound_port: optional string, containing an integer When target is ptcp: or pssl:, this is the TCP port on which the OVSDB server is listening. (This is particularly useful when target specifies a port of 0, allowing the kernel to choose any available port.) Common Columns: The overall purpose of these columns is described under Common Columns at the beginning of this document. external_ids: map of string-string pairs other_config: map of string-string pairs

DNS TABLE

Each row in this table stores the DNS records. The Logical_Switch table’s dns_records ref‐ erences these records. Summary: records map of string-string pairs external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: records: map of string-string pairs Key-value pair of DNS records with DNS query name as the key and value as a string of IP address(es) separated by comma or space. Example: "vm1.ovn.org" = "10.0.0.4 aef0::4" external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document.

SSL TABLE

SSL configuration for ovn-nb database access. Summary: private_key string certificate string ca_cert string bootstrap_ca_cert boolean ssl_protocols string ssl_ciphers string Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: private_key: string Name of a PEM file containing the private key used as the switch’s identity for SSL connections to the controller. certificate: string Name of a PEM file containing a certificate, signed by the certificate authority (CA) used by the controller and manager, that certifies the switch’s private key, identifying a trustworthy switch. ca_cert: string Name of a PEM file containing the CA certificate used to verify that the switch is connected to a trustworthy controller. bootstrap_ca_cert: boolean If set to true, then Open vSwitch will attempt to obtain the CA certificate from the controller on its first SSL connection and save it to the named PEM file. If it is successful, it will immediately drop the connection and reconnect, and from then on all SSL connections must be authenticated by a certificate signed by the CA cer‐ tificate thus obtained. This option exposes the SSL connection to a man-in-the-mid‐ dle attack obtaining the initial CA certificate. It may still be useful for boot‐ strapping. ssl_protocols: string List of SSL protocols to be enabled for SSL connections. The default when this option is omitted is TLSv1,TLSv1.1,TLSv1.2. ssl_ciphers: string List of ciphers (in OpenSSL cipher string format) to be supported for SSL connec‐ tions. The default when this option is omitted is HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5. Common Columns: The overall purpose of these columns is described under Common Columns at the beginning of this document. external_ids: map of string-string pairs Gateway_Chassis TABLE Association of one or more chassis to a logical router port. The traffic going out through an specific router port will be redirected to a chassis, or a set of them in high avail‐ ability configurations. A single Gateway_Chassis is equivalent to setting options:redi‐ rect-chassis. Using Gateway_Chassis allows associating multiple prioritized chassis with a single logical router port. Summary: name string (must be unique within table) chassis_name string priority integer, in range 0 to 32,767 options map of string-string pairs Common Columns: external_ids map of string-string pairs Details: name: string (must be unique within table) Name of the Gateway_Chassis. A suggested, but not required naming convention is ${port_name}_${chassis_name}. chassis_name: string Name of the chassis that we want to redirect traffic through for the associated logical router port. The value must match the name column of the Chassis table in the OVN_Southbound database. priority: integer, in range 0 to 32,767 This is the priority of a chassis among all Gateway_Chassis belonging to the same logical router port. options: map of string-string pairs Reserved for future use. Common Columns: external_ids: map of string-string pairs See External IDs at the beginning of this document.
Open vSwitch 2.9.5 DB Schema 5.10.0 ovn-nb(5)
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ovn-nb(5) referred by ovn-architecture(7) | ovn-nbctl(8) | ovn-northd(8)
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