PERROR - reference manual online

Write error messages to standard error.

PERROR(3POSIX)                      POSIX Programmer's Manual                      PERROR(3POSIX)

PROLOG This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
NAME perror — write error messages to standard error
SYNOPSIS #include <stdio.h> void perror(const char *s);
DESCRIPTION The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard. The perror() function shall map the error number accessed through the symbol errno to a language-dependent error message, which shall be written to the standard error stream as follows: * First (if s is not a null pointer and the character pointed to by s is not the null byte), the string pointed to by s followed by a <colon> and a <space>. * Then an error message string followed by a <newline>. The contents of the error message strings shall be the same as those returned by str‐ error() with argument errno. The perror() function shall mark for update the last data modification and last file sta‐ tus change timestamps of the file associated with the standard error stream at some time between its successful completion and exit(), abort(), or the completion of fflush() or fclose() on stderr. The perror() function shall not change the orientation of the standard error stream. On error, perror() shall set the error indicator for the stream to which stderr points, and shall set errno to indicate the error. Since no value is returned, an application wishing to check for error situations should call clearerr(stderr) before calling perror(), then if ferror(stderr) returns non-zero, the value of errno indicates which error occurred.
RETURN VALUE The perror() function shall not return a value.
ERRORS Refer to fputc(). The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES Printing an Error Message for a Function The following example replaces bufptr with a buffer that is the necessary size. If an error occurs, the perror() function prints a message and the program exits. #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> ... char *bufptr; size_t szbuf; ... if ((bufptr = malloc(szbuf)) == NULL) { perror("malloc"); exit(2); } ...
APPLICATION USAGE Application writers may prefer to use alternative interfaces instead of perror(), such as strerror_r() in combination with fprintf().
SEE ALSO fprintf(), fputc(), psiginfo(), strerror() The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <stdio.h>
IEEE/The Open Group 2013 PERROR(3POSIX)
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perror(3posix) referred by
refer to _exit(2)