SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

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librbl(3)                            Library Functions Manual                           librbl(3)

NAME rbl_init(), rbl_close(), rbl_geterror(), rbl_setdomain(), rbl_query_start(), rbl_query_check(), rbl_query_cancel(), rbl_settimeout(), rbl_setcallbackint(), rbl_set‐ callbackctx(), rbl_setdnscallback(), rbl_dns_set_query_service(), rbl_dns_set_query_start(), rbl_dns_set_query_cancel(), rbl_dns_set_query_waitreply(), rbl_dns_set_init(), rbl_dns_set_close(), rbl_dns_set_nslist(), rbl_dns_set_config(), rbl_dns_set_trustanchor(), rbl_dns_init() - Realtime Blacklist (RBL) service facility
SYNOPSIS #include <rbl.h> RBL * rbl_init (void *(* mallocf )(void *, size_t), void (* freef )(void *, void *p), void * closure ); unsigned char * rbl_geterror (RBL * rbl ); void rbl_setdomain (RBL * rbl, unsigned char * qroot ); RBL_STAT rbl_query_start (RBL * rbl, unsigned char * query, void ** qh ); RBL_STAT rbl_settimeout (RBL * rbl, unsigned int timeout ); RBL_STAT rbl_setcallbackint (RBL * rbl, unsigned int cbint ); RBL_STAT rbl_setcallbackctx (RBL *, rbl, void * ctx ); RBL_STAT rbl_setdnscallback (RBL *, rbl, void (* func )(const void *)); void * rbl_dns_set_query_service (RBL * rbl, void * svc ); void rbl_dns_set_query_cancel (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *, void *)); void rbl_dns_set_query_start (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *, int, unsigned char *, unsigned char *, size_t, void **)); void rbl_dns_set_query_waitreply (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *, void *, struct timeval *, size_t *, int *, int *)); void rbl_dns_set_init (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void **); void rbl_dns_set_close (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *); void rbl_dns_set_config (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *, const char *); void rbl_dns_set_nslist (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *, const char *); void rbl_dns_set_trustanchor (RBL * rbl, int (* func )(void *, const char *); RBL_STAT rbl_dns_init (RBL * rbl ); void rbl_close (RBL * rbl );
DESCRIPTION These functions are an interface to a facility to conduct Realtime Blacklist (RBL) queries and return their results. RBLs are described in RFC5782. An application first initializes the package by calling rbl_init(). The optional mallocf parameter is a caller-provided memory allocation function taking a pointer to a caller- provided opaque data structure (the closure parameter) and a number of bytes to allocate. If mallocf is not provided, the default system memory allocator function malloc(3) is used. The optional freef parameter specifies a matching caller-provided memory dealloca‐ tor function, taking a pointer to a caller-provided opaque data structure (the closure parameter) and a pointer to the memory to be released. If freef is not provided, the default system memory release function free(3) is used. A handle for future use of the initialized library instance is returned, or NULL on error and errno will be set to indi‐ cate the cause of the failure. The rbl_geterror() function can be used to poll the library for an error string that pro‐ vides further description for the most recent failed operation. A call to rbl_setdomain() sets the RBL's base domain. This specifies the "root" of all future queries for the provided rbl handle to qroot. Future queries passed to this handle will be prepended to the string provided here. A query is initialized with a call to rbl_query_start() which takes an RBL library handle as rbl, the string to be queried as query, and a pointer to a void pointer that will be updated to contain a reference to the initiated query as qh. A query previously started by rbl_query_start() can be canceled by calling rbl_query_can‐ cel(), passing it an RBL library handle as rbl and a query handle as qh as previously returned when the query was started. A query previously started by rbl_query_start() can be polled for its status or a result using rbl_query_check(), passing it an RBL library handle as rbl, a query handle as qh, a pointer to a "struct timeval" ast timeout (which can be NULL if an infinite wait is acceptable), and a pointer to a 32-bit integer as res into which any result will be returned (or it can be NULL if the caller doesn't actually want the result). Results are in network byte order. If this function returns RBL_STAT_FOUND or RBL_STAT_NOTFOUND, the query is automatically canceled and need not be passed to rbl_query_cancel(). The rbl_settimeout() function can be used to change the query timeout. The default is ten seconds. If it is useful to have the library periodically call a user-provided function as an indi‐ cation that queries are still in progress, such a function can be registered with the rbl_setdnscallback() function. The function provided should take a void context pointer as its sole argument. rbl_setcallbackctx() is used to tell the library what context pointer should be used, and rbl_setcallbackint() is used to tell the library what fre‐ quency, in seconds, should be used to call that callback function. Each of these takes the corresponding RBL library handle as its first argument, and the obvious parameter for its second. By default, the library will use the stock system resolver to conduct DNS queries. If alternates should be used, these can be specified using the following functions: rbl_dns_set_query_service() sets a context pointer to the query service to be used, if any. This will be passed as-is to the other DNS functions. It returns its previous value. rbl_dns_set_query_cancel() sets a pointer to the function that should be called to cancel an open query, and should take the following parameters: a void pointer to the DNS query service to be used, and a void pointer to a query handle as previously returned by a call to rbl_dns_set_query_start(). The function should return one of the DNS result codes described below. rbl_dns_set_query_start() sets a pointer to the function that should be called to initiate a new query, and should take the following parameters: a void pointer to the DNS query service to be used, a DNS record type (e.g. T_TXT), a pointer to a string containing the query to be started, a pointer to a buffer into which the reply should be written, the number of bytes available in that buffer, and a pointer to a void pointer that will be updated to contain a unique handle for that query once started. The function should return one of the DNS result codes described below. rbl_dns_set_query_waitreply() sets a pointer to the function that should be called to wait for a reply to an open query, and should take the following parameters: a void pointer to the DNS query service to be used, a void pointer referencing the query of interest as pre‐ viously returned by a call to rbl_dns_set_query_start(), a pointer to a "struct timeval" structure indicating how long the function should wait for a reply (or NULL if infinite waiting is acceptable), a pointer to a "size_t" that will be updated to contain the size of the received reply, a pointer to an integer that will contain an error code if the query fails (can be NULL if that information is not interesting to the caller), and a pointer to an integer that will contain a DNSSEC status indication (can be NULL if that information is not interesting to the caller). The function should return one of the DNS result codes described below. rbl_dns_set_init() sets a pointer to the function that should be called when it is neces‐ sary to initialize a resolver. The function should store a handle to the initialized resolver and return zero, or return non-zero if initialization could not be completed. The function specified here is called before the first call to the query start function (see above). rbl_dns_set_close() sets a pointer to the function that should be called when it is neces‐ sary to terminate a resolver. The function will receive a handle referencing the resolver to be terminated, and should return zero on success or non-zero on failure. rbl_dns_set_nslist() sets a pointer to the function that should be called when it is nec‐ essary to change the set of nameservers that are to be used to resolve RBL queries. The function will receive a handle referencing the active resolver and a string containing a comma-separated list of nameservers to use. It should return zero on success and non-zero on failure. rbl_dns_set_config() sets a pointer to the function that should be called when it is nec‐ essary to provide arbitrary configuration information to the resolver. The function will receive a handle referencing the active resolver and a string containing the configura‐ tion. It should return zero on success and non-zero on failure. rbl_dns_set_trustanchor() sets a pointer to the function that should be called when it is necessary to provide trust anchor information (supporting DNSSEC) to the resolver. The function will receive a handle referencing the active resolver and a string containing the trust anchor data. It should return zero on success and non-zero on failure. Calling rbl_dns_init() forces (re-)initialization of the resolver. This essentially causes the library to call any initialization function defined by rbl_dns_set_init(). When the library handle is no longer needed, it should be passed to rbl_close().
RETURN VALUES The following return codes, of type RBL_STAT, can be returned: RBL_STAT_OK successful completion RBL_STAT_INVALID operation failed because an invalid parameter was provided RBL_STAT_DNSERROR operation could not be completed because of errors requesting or receiving a DNS reply; note that this does not include a successful reply that contains a "no record found" result, which is a successful answer RBL_STAT_NORESOURCE a caller-provided buffer was too small to complete the requested operation, or a memory or file descriptor allocation failed RBL_STAT_NOTIMPLEMENT an optional library feature was not selected at compilation time RBL_STAT_FOUND the requested record was found in the RBL RBL_STAT_NOTFOUND the requested record was not found in the RBL (but the query did complete) RBL_STAT_NOREPLY a call to rbl_query_check() timed out before a result could be returned RBL_STAT_EXPIRED the underlying resolver reported that the query expired; this is included to sup‐ port resolvers that have an overall query timeout as well as a single wait timeout
DNS RETURN CODES Any registered DNS functions should return one of the following result codes: RBL_DNS_ERROR An error occurred. The cause of the error can be retrieved using rbl_geterror(). RBL_DNS_SUCCESS The operation was successful. RBL_DNS_REPLY A reply is available (returned by the "waitreply" function). RBL_DNS_NOREPLY No reply was received by the time the query timeout was reached (returned by the "waitreply" function). RBL_DNS_EXPIRED The query expired completely (returned by the "waitreply" function). Some resolvers set an overall timeout for the query at start time in addition to one for each single wait request; this code indicates the former timeout expired.
SEE ALSO intro(2)
librbl(3)
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refer to intro(2) | malloc(3)