REDUCECAP(8) - Linux man page online | Administration and privileged commands

The reducecap utility is used to lower the capability ceiling of a process and child process.

reducecap(8) System Administration reducecap(8)


reducecap - The reducecap utility is used to lower the capability ceiling of a process and child process.


reducecap [options] <command arguments>


The reducecap utility is used to lower the capability ceiling of a process and child process. Even setuid program won't be able to grab more capabilities.


--secure Removes all dangerous capabilities from the process executed.Specificly it removes: CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE CAP_NET_BROADCAST CAP_NET_ADMIN, CAP_NET_RAW CAP_IPC_LOCK CAP_IPC_OWNER CAP_SYS_MODULE CAP_SYS_RAWIO CAP_SYS_PACCT CAP_SYS_ADMIN CAP_SYS_BOOT CAP_SYS_NICE CAP_SYS_RESOURCE CAP_SYS_TIME CAP_MKNOD. Leaving the following capabilities: CAP_CHOWN CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH CAP_FOWNER CAP_FSETID CAP_KILL CAP_SETGID CAP_SETUID CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE CAP_SYS_CHROOT CAP_SYS_PTRACE CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG CAP_LEASE CAP_QUOTACTL --show Shows the current process capabilities. --flag sets the security context flags. The option may be repeated several times. Here are the values: lock: The security context can't be changed. The process is trapped in this context. This is generally used for vservers because yoy do not want them to hide in new security context. sched: Each process in a security context contribute (lower) to the general priority of every processes in the context. Mostly, all processes in a security context take as much CPU together as one process not bound to this flag. Said again differently, a vserver having 100 active processes won't get more CPU than another vserver with a single active process. nproc: The "ulimit -u N" setting becomes global to the security context. It means the security context is not allowed to have more than N processes. private: No other processes, even root in security context 0, is allowed to enter this security context. Once a security context is setup with this flag, it is on its own. This also means that root in security context 0 won't be able to kill or interact with those processes. hideinfo: Hides various information in /proc. --LINUX_IMMUTABLE --NET_BIND_SERVICE --NET_BROADCAST --NET_ADMIN --NET_RAW --IPC_LOCK --IPC_OWNER --SYS_MODULE --SYS_RAWIO --SYS_PACCT --SYS_ADMIN --SYS_BOOT --SYS_NICE --SYS_RESOURCE --SYS_TIME --MKNOD All these options remove one capability. These options may be used after the --secure option to remove more capabilities.




# You are not root now # What is the current capability ceiling cat /proc/self/status # The capBset line presents mostly 1s. /usr/sbin/reducecap --secure /bin/sh cat /proc/self/status # The capBset now shows many more 0s. # The capEff shows all 0s, you have no privilege now # We su to root su cat /proc/self/status # capEff is much better now, but there are still many 0s # Now we try to see if we are really root tail /var/log/messages # So far so good, we see the content /sbin/ifconfig eth0 /sbin/ifconfig eth0 down # No way, we can't configure the interface. In fact # we have lost most privi‐ lege normally assigned to root exit Please contribute some more, if you feel it's important.


This Man page was written by Klavs Klavsen <> and based upon the helpful output from the program itself and the documentation on the Virtual Server site <http://www.solu‐>


chcontext(8) rebootmgr(8) chbind(8) vps(8) vpstree(8) vrpm(8) vserver(8) vserver-stat(8) vtop(8)
Klavs Klavsen <> 0.1.0 reducecap(8)
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reducecap(8) referred by chbind(8) | chcontext(8) | vhtop(8) | viotop(8) | vps(8) | vpstree(8) | vrpm(8) | vserver(8) | vserver-build(8) | vserver-stat(8) | vtop(8)
refer to chbind(8) | chcontext(8) | vps(8) | vpstree(8) | vrpm(8) | vserver(8) | vserver-stat(8) | vtop(8)
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