UNW_RESUME(3) - Linux man page online | Library functions

16 August 2007
UNW_RESUME(3) Programming Library UNW_RESUME(3)


unw_resume -- resume execution in a particular stack frame


#include <libunwind.h> int unw_resume(unw_cursor_t *cp);


The unw_resume() routine resumes execution at the stack frame identified by cp. The behavior of this routine differs slightly for local and remote unwinding. For local unwinding, unw_resume() restores the machine state and then directly resumes execution in the target stack frame. Thus unw_resume() does not return in this case. Restoring the machine state normally involves restoring the ``preserved'' (callee-saved) registers. However, if execution in any of the stack frames younger (more deeply nested) than the one identified by cp was interrupted by a signal, then unw_resume() will restore all registers as well as the signal mask. Attempting to call unw_resume() on a cursor which identifies the stack frame of another thread results in undefined behavior (e.g., the program may crash). For remote unwinding, unw_resume() installs the machine state identified by the cursor by calling the access_reg and access_fpreg accessor callbacks as needed. Once that is accom‐ plished, the resume accessor callback is invoked. The unw_resume routine then returns nor‐ mally (that is, unlikely for local unwinding, unw_resume will always return for remote unwinding). Most platforms reserve some registers to pass arguments to exception handlers (e.g., IA-64 uses r15-r18 for this purpose). These registers are normally treated like ``scratch'' reg‐ isters. However, if libunwind is used to set an exception argument register to a particu‐ lar value (e.g., via unw_set_reg()), then unw_resume() will install this value as the con‐ tents of the register. In other words, the exception handling arguments are installed even in cases where normally only the ``preserved'' registers are restored. Note that unw_resume() does not invoke any unwind handlers (aka, ``personality rou‐ tines''). If a program needs this, it will have to do so on its own by obtaining the unw_proc_info_t of each unwound frame and appropriately processing its unwind handler and language-specific data area (lsda). These steps are generally dependent on the tar‐ get-platform and are regulated by the processor-specific ABI (application-binary inter‐ face).


For local unwinding, unw_resume() does not return on success. For remote unwinding, it returns 0 on success. On failure, the negative value of one of the errors below is returned.


unw_resume() is thread-safe. If cursor cp is in the local address-space, this routine is also safe to use from a signal handler.


UNW_EUNSPEC An unspecified error occurred. UNW_EBADREG A register needed by unw_resume() wasn't accessible. UNW_EINVALIDIP The instruction pointer identified by cp is not valid. UNW_BADFRAME The stack frame identified by cp is not valid.


libunwind(3), unw_set_reg(3), sigprocmask(2)


David Mosberger-Tang Email: WWW:
Programming Library 16 August 2007 UNW_RESUME(3)
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unw_resume(3) referred by libunwind(3) | unw_create_addr_space(3)
refer to libunwind(3) | sigprocmask(2) | unw_set_reg(3)
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