VM_MAP_STACK(9FREEBSD) - man page online | system kernel interfaces

Manage process stacks.

January 11, 2013
VM_MAP_STACK(9)                   BSD Kernel Developer's Manual                   VM_MAP_STACK(9)


vm_map_stack, vm_map_growstack — manage process stacks


#include <sys/param.h> #include <vm/vm.h> #include <vm/vm_map.h> int vm_map_stack(vm_map_t map, vm_offset_t addrbos, vm_size_t max_ssize, vm_prot_t prot, vm_prot_t max, int cow); int vm_map_growstack(struct proc *p, vm_offset_t addr);


The vm_map_stack() function maps a process stack for a new process image. The stack is mapped addrbos in map, with a maximum size of max_ssize. Copy-on-write flags passed in cow are also applied to the new mapping. Protection bits are supplied by prot and max. It is typically called by execve(2). The vm_map_growstack() function is responsible for growing a stack for the process p to the desired address addr, similar to the legacy sbrk(2) call.


The vm_map_stack() function calls vm_map_insert(9) to create its mappings. The vm_map_stack() and vm_map_growstack() functions acquire the process lock on p for the duration of the call.


The vm_map_stack() function returns KERN_SUCCESS if the mapping was allocated successfully. Otherwise, if mapping the stack would exceed the process's VMEM resource limit, or if the specified bottom-of-stack address is out of range for the map, or if there is already a map‐ ping at the address which would result, or if max_ssize could not be accommodated within the current mapping, KERN_NO_SPACE is returned. Other possible return values for this function are documented in vm_map_insert(9). The vm_map_growstack() function returns KERN_SUCCESS if addr is already mapped, or if the stack was grown successfully. It also returns KERN_SUCCESS if addr is outside the stack range; this is done in order to preserve compatibility with the deprecated grow() function previously located in the file vm_machdep.c.


vm_map(9), vm_map_insert(9)


This manual page was written by Bruce M Simpson <>.
BSD January 11, 2013 BSD
This manual Reference Other manuals
vm_map_stack(9freebsd) referred by vm_map(9freebsd) | vm_map_growstack(9freebsd)
refer to brk(2) | execve(2) | vm_map(9freebsd) | vm_map_insert(9freebsd)