SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

XDEB(1) - man page online | user commands

Build a set of Debian packages.

Chapter
October 15, 2009
XDEB(1)                           Linaro General Commands Manual                          XDEB(1)

NAME xdeb — build a set of Debian packages
SYNOPSIS xdeb [-C file] [-a architecture] [-b builddir] [-d destdir] [--apt-source] [--prefer-apt] [--only-explicit] [-f] [--debug] [--generate-graph] [--generate-compact-graph] [--no-clean-after] [--no-lintian] [--sequence] [--list-builds] [--all] [-x package] [--no-native-import] package [...] xdeb --convert [-C file] [-a architecture] [--no-convert-install] package.deb [...]
DESCRIPTION Traditionally, Debian-format packages (as used in Debian, Ubuntu, and so on) have been built natively. However it is often useful to be able to cross-build packages, and sometimes whole systems. xdeb provides this functionality in a convenient form by providing build-ordering, cross- dependency satisfaction, and cross-building all in one tool. xdeb takes a set of target package names or names of directories containing packages, and builds those packages for the specified architecture (or for the native architecture if unspecified), in an appropriate sequence. As builds complete, it will install packages nec‐ essary to satisfy build-dependencies for subsequent stages. When necessary, it will convert foreign-architecture binary packages to packages that can be installed safely on the native architecture without conflicts. When cross-compiling, it checks to ensure that programs were not accidentally built to run on the build architecture, which is a common failure mode. xdeb fetches source code using apt-get(8). It defaults to using the build-system APT con‐ figuration, so you should ensure that a repository containing packages of the target archi‐ tecture is specified on the relevant machine/chroot. e.g. deb [arch=armel] http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports maverick main universe deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports maverick main universe Multiple repositories can be specified and APT pinning and release-default options used to provide preferred source repositories. xdeb will respect APT policy.
OPTIONS -C, --config-file file Read file as an additional configuration file. -a, --architecture architecture Build packages for architecture rather than for the native architecture. Configura‐ tion file option: architecture. -b, --build-directory builddir Build packages in builddir rather than in the current directory. This option may be given multiple times; in that case, the first builddir will be used for packages fetched using apt-get and as the default destination directory, but otherwise all sup‐ plied directories will be scanned for packages and treated equivalently. Configura‐ tion file option: builddirs. -d, --dest-directory destdir Leave successfully built packages in destdir rather than in the first build directory. Configuration file option: destdir. --apt-source Fetch source code using apt-get. If this is not specified, then only packages in any builddir will be built, and only those packages will be used to expand dependencies for build sequencing. Configuration file option: apt_source. --prefer-apt Prefer source packages available using apt-get, even if an older version of the pack‐ age is already available in the build directory. This option implies --apt-source. Configuration file option: prefer_apt. --only-explicit Only build packages explicitly listed on the command line. For all other packages, import native builds rather than attempting to cross-compile them. This may produce less complete builds in some cases, but if the native repository is reasonably com‐ plete then it greatly reduces the number of builds that need to be run and it avoids many problems with build-dependency loops. -f, --force-rebuild Rebuild packages even if the source code appears to be unchanged. xdeb relies on the version number in debian/changelog to detect changes. Configuration file option: force_rebuild. --debug Emit extra messages useful for debugging build sequencing. Configuration file option: debug. --generate-graph Emit dot graph version of debug build dependency information. See README-graph for further details. Configuration file option: generate-graph. --generate-compact-graph Emit dot graph version of debug build dependency information, but without the interme‐ diate binary dependencies, in order to produce a more readable graph. See README- graph for further details. Configuration file option: generate-compact-graph. --parallel Use as many jobs as there are CPUs on the system. Configuration file option: parallel. --no-clean-after Do not clean each source tree after building. --no-lintian Do not run lintian(1) to check whether cross-compiled packages were built for the requested architecture. This can speed up builds when you are sure that all packages are cross-safe, but is otherwise not recommended. Configuration file option: lintian (defaults to true). --sequence Just show the build sequence, but don't actually build anything. Only packages whose names are suffixed with ‘*’ will be built; the rest are listed for information only. Configuration file option: sequence. --list-builds List all current successful builds for the selected architecture in the build direc‐ tory. Configuration file option: list_builds. --all Build all packages in the working tree. Configuration file option: all. -x, --exclude package Exclude package from the list of packages computed by --all. It will only be built if required to satisfy dependencies. Configuration file option: exclude. --no-native-import Normally, xdeb will import native builds of certain packages rather than attempting to cross-build them. This option disables that behaviour. Use this when working on fix‐ ing cross-builds of the packages in question. --convert Rather than building, convert a set of foreign-architecture binary packages to pack‐ ages that can be installed safely on the native architecture without conflicts, as though they had just been built by xdeb. This silently ignores any packages that can‐ not usefully be converted. --no-convert-install Normally, xdeb --convert will install packages after converting them for use on the native architecture. This option suppresses that behaviour.
FILES /etc/xdeb/xdeb.cfg Site-wide configuration file. xdeb will also look for xdeb.cfg in the directory alongside its own executable, to support running from its own build directory. .xdeb, xdeb.cfg Read from the current directory as a per-project configuration file. You may supply additional configuration files using the -C option.
CONFIGURATION FILE The configuration file is a ConfigParser-format (a.k.a. "INI file") file. Recognised sec‐ tions are Lists and Options. The Lists section lists specific packages that are exceptions from various built-in rules; see the supplied site-wide configuration file for examples. The Options section may be used to provide defaults for any values not explicitly set on the command line. It is also possible to have a xdeb.cfg configuration file in a directory containing an indi‐ vidual package. Such configuration files may include a Package section, with the following optional keys: directory Relative path to the directory that really contains the package's files. This direc‐ tory will need to contain a debian subdirectory in order to build properly (which may be created due to another option in this section). This option is useful when package files are fetched from another repository, and some extra work is needed to put the debian subdirectory in place. debian_symlink Create debian as a symbolic link to the value of this option.
ADVICE ON OPERATION Generally speaking, you can re-run xdeb on failures and it will start again with the last package it tried to build. If the first builddir and destdir are the same, then xdeb will not notice that a package had not been successfully built in a previous run if it contained objects for the wrong architecture, or if it failed to run dpkg-cross or dpkg -i. In this case, you may need to remove the .changes file for that package before trying again. We recommend that destdir be set to a directory which is not a build directory.
AUTHORS xdeb was originally written by Colin Watson <@canonical.com> for Chromium OS, and then renamed to xdeb for more general use. xdeb is copyright © 2009, 2010 The Chromium OS Authors, © 2010 Canonical Ltd.
Linaro October 15, 2009 Linaro
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xdeb(1) referred by
refer to apt-get(8) | lintian(1)