SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

XMONAD(1) - Linux man page online | User commands

31 December 2012
xmonad(1) xmonad manual xmonad(1) () () Name xmonad - a tiling window manager Description xmonad is a minimalist tiling window manager for X, written in Haskell. Windows are man‐ aged using automatic layout algorithms, which can be dynamically reconfigured. At any time windows are arranged so as to maximize the use of screen real estate. All features of the window manager are accessible purely from the keyboard: a mouse is entirely option‐ al. xmonad is configured in Haskell, and custom layout algorithms may be implemented by the user in config files. A principle of xmonad is predictability: the user should know in advance precisely the window arrangement that will result from any action. By default, xmonad provides three layout algorithms: tall, wide and fullscreen. In tall or wide mode, windows are tiled and arranged to prevent overlap and maximize screen use. Sets of windows are grouped together on virtual screens, and each screen retains its own layout, which may be reconfigured dynamically. Multiple physical monitors are supported via Xinerama, allowing simultaneous display of a number of screens. By utilizing the expressivity of a modern functional language with a rich static type sys‐ tem, xmonad provides a complete, featureful window manager in less than 1200 lines of code, with an emphasis on correctness and robustness. Internal properties of the window manager are checked using a combination of static guarantees provided by the type system, and type-based automated testing. A benefit of this is that the code is simple to under‐ stand, and easy to modify. Usage xmonad places each window into a "workspace". Each workspace can have any number of win‐ dows, which you can cycle though with mod-j and mod-k. Windows are either displayed full screen, tiled horizontally, or tiled vertically. You can toggle the layout mode with mod-space, which will cycle through the available modes. You can switch to workspace N with mod-N. For example, to switch to workspace 5, you would press mod-5. Similarly, you can move the current window to another workspace with mod-shift-N. When running with multiple monitors (Xinerama), each screen has exactly 1 workspace visi‐ ble. mod-{w,e,r} switch the focus between screens, while shift-mod-{w,e,r} move the cur‐ rent window to that screen. When xmonad starts, workspace 1 is on screen 1, workspace 2 is on screen 2, etc. When switching workspaces to one that is already visible, the cur‐ rent and visible workspaces are swapped. Flags xmonad has several flags which you may pass to the executable. These flags are: --recompile Recompiles your configuration in ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs --restart Causes the currently running xmonad process to restart --replace Replace the current window manager with xmonad --version Display version of xmonad --verbose-version Display detailed version of xmonad Default keyboard bindings mod-shift-return Launch terminal mod-p Launch dmenu mod-shift-p Launch gmrun mod-shift-c Close the focused window mod-space Rotate through the available layout algorithms mod-shift-space Reset the layouts on the current workspace to default mod-n Resize viewed windows to the correct size mod-tab Move focus to the next window mod-shift-tab Move focus to the previous window mod-j Move focus to the next window mod-k Move focus to the previous window mod-m Move focus to the master window mod-return Swap the focused window and the master window mod-shift-j Swap the focused window with the next window mod-shift-k Swap the focused window with the previous window mod-h Shrink the master area mod-l Expand the master area mod-t Push window back into tiling mod-comma Increment the number of windows in the master area mod-period Deincrement the number of windows in the master area mod-shift-q Quit xmonad mod-q Restart xmonad mod-shift-slash Run xmessage with a summary of the default keybindings (useful for beginners) mod-[1..9] Switch to workspace N mod-shift-[1..9] Move client to workspace N mod-{w,e,r} Switch to physical/Xinerama screens 1, 2, or 3 mod-shift-{w,e,r} Move client to screen 1, 2, or 3 mod-button1 Set the window to floating mode and move by dragging mod-button2 Raise the window to the top of the stack mod-button3 Set the window to floating mode and resize by dragging Examples To use xmonad as your window manager add to your ~/.xinitrc file: exec xmonad Customization xmonad is customized in ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs, and then restarted with mod-q. You can find many extensions to the core feature set in the xmonad- contrib package, available through your package manager or from xmonad.org (http://xmonad.org). Modular Configuration As of xmonad-0.9, any additional Haskell modules may be placed in ~/.xmonad/lib/ are available in GHC's searchpath. Hierarchical modules are supported: for example, the file ~/.xmonad/lib/XMonad/Stack/MyAdditions.hs could contain: module XMonad.Stack.MyAdditions (function1) where function1 = error "function1: Not implemented yet!" Your xmonad.hs may then import XMonad.Stack.MyAdditions as if that module was contained within xmonad or xmonad-contrib. Bugs Probably. If you find any, please report them to the bugtracker (https://github.com/xmon‐ ad/xmonad/issues) ()
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