YAD(1) - man page online | user commands

Display GTK+ dialogs in shell scripts.

February 7, 2014
YAD(1)                               General Commands Manual                               YAD(1)


yad - display GTK+ dialogs in shell scripts




YAD is a program that will display GTK+ dialogs, and return (either in the return code, or on standard output) the users input. This allows you to present information, and ask for information from the user, from all manner of shell scripts. YAD is the fork of Zenity program.


This program follows the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two dashes (`-'). Dialog options --calendar Display calendar dialog. --color Display color selection dialog. --dnd Display drag-and-drop box. --entry Display text entry dialog. --icons Display box with shortcut icons. --file Display file selection dialog. --font Display font selection dialog. --form Display form dialog --list Display list dialog --multi-progress Display multi progress bars dialog. --notebook Display notebook dialog. --notification Display notification icon. --print Display print dialog. --progress Display progress indication dialog. --text-info Display text information dialog. --scale Display scale dialog. General options --title=TITLE Set the dialog title. --window-icon=ICONPATH Set the window icon. --width=WIDTH Set the dialog width. --height=HEIGHT Set the dialog height. --timeout=TIMEOUT Set the dialog timeout in seconds. --timeout-indicator=POSITION Show timeout indicator in given position. Positions are top, bottom, left or right. Style of indicator may be set through the gtkrc file. See for details. --kill-parent[=SIGNAL] Send SIGNAL to parent process. Default value of SIGNAL is a SIGTERM. SIGNAL may be specified by it's number or symbolic name with or without SIG prefix. See sig‐ nal(7) for details about signals. --plug=KEY Run dialog in plug mode for swallow as a notebook tab. See NOTEBOOK section for more. --tabnum=NUM Set the tab number for plugged dialog. See NOTEBOOK section for more. --print-xid Print X Window Id of a dialog window to the stderr. --text=STRING Set the dialog text. --text-align=TYPE Set type of dialog text justification. TYPE may be left, right, center or fill. --image=IMAGE Set the dialog image which appears on the left side of dialog. IMAGE might be file name or icon name from current icon theme. --image-on-top Show image above main widget instead of left. This option is always on for print dialog. --icon-theme=THEME Use specified GTK icon theme instead of default. --expander=TEXT Hide main widget with expander. TEXT is an optional argument with expander's label. --button=BUTTON:ID Add the dialog button. May be used multiply times. ID is an exit code or a command. BUTTON may be gtk stock item name for predefined buttons (like gtk-close or gtk-ok) or text in a form LABEL[!ICON[!TOOLTIP]] where `!' is an item separator. Full list of stock items may be found in gtk-demo program, in snippet called "Stock Items and Icon Browser". If no buttons specified OK and Cancel buttons used. See EXIT STATUS section for more. If ID have a non-numeric value it treats like a command and click on such button doesn't close the dialog. --no-buttons Don't show buttons. --buttons-layout=TYPE Set buttons layout type. Possible types are: spread, edge, start, end or center. Default is end. --no-markup Don't use pango markup in dialog's text. --always-print-result Always print result. --dialog-sep Show separator between dialog and buttons. Works only with gtk+-2.0. --borders=NUM Set dialog window borders. --sticky Make window visible on all desktops. --fixed Make window fixed width and height. --center Place window on center of screen. --mouse Place window under mouse position. --on-top Place window over other windows. --undecorated Make window undecorated (remove title and window borders). --skip-taskbar Don't show window in taskbar and pager. --maximized Run dialog window maximized. --fullscreen Run dialog in fullscreen mode. This option may not work on all window managers. --geometry=WIDTHxHEIGHT+X+Y Use standard X Window geometry notation for placing dialog. When this option is used, width, height, mouse and center options are ignored. --selectable-labels If set, user can select dialog's text and copy it to clipboard. This option also affects on label fields in form dialog. --image-path=PATH Add specified path to the standard list of directories for looking for icons. This option can be used multiply times. --rest=FILENAME Read extra arguments from given file instead of command line. Each line of a file treats as a single argument. --gtkrc=FILENAME Read and parse additional GTK+ settings from given file. Calendar options --day=INT Set the calendar day. --month=INT Set the calendar month. --year=INT Set the calendar year. --date-format=PATTERN Set the format for the returned date. By default is `%x'. See strftime(3) for more details. --details=FILENAME Read days description from FILENAME. File with days details must be in following format: <date> <description> date field is date in format, specified with --date-format option. description is a string with date details, which may include Pango markup. Color selection options --init-color=COLOR Set initial color value. --extra Show extra information about color in returned string. --palette[=FILENAME] Show palette and set predefined colors from given filename. By default used /etc/X11/rgb.txt. Drag-and-Drop box options --tooltip Use dialog text as a tooltip for Drag-and-Drop box. --command=CMD Run command when data received. Data strings pass to command as an agrument. By default data just prints to stdout. Text entry options --entry-label=STRING Set the entry label text. --entry-text=STRING Set the initial entry text or default item in combo-box. --hide-text Hide the entry text. --completion Use completion instead of combo-box. --editable Allow make changes to text in combo-box. --numeric Use spin button instead of text entry. Additional parameters in command line treats as minimum and maximum values, step value and precisions (in that order). All this values are optional. Default range is from 0 to 65535 with step 1. --licon=IMAGE Set an icon on a left side of entry. --licon-action=CMD Specify a command which will be run when the left icon clicked. Output of command will be set as entry text. --ricon=IMAGE Set an icon on a right side of entry. --ricon-action=CMD Specify a command which will be run when the right icon clicked. Output of command will be set as entry text. Any extra data specified in command line adds as an items of combo-box entry, except of numeric mode. If icon specified and icon action is not given, click on icon just clear the entry. Numeric fields will ignore the icons. Iconbox options --read-dir=DIRECTORY Read .desktop files from specified directory. --generic Use field GenericName instead of Name for shortcut label. --sort-by-name Use field Name instead of filename for sorting items. --descend Sort items in descending order. If data reads from stdin this option is useless without --sort-by-name. --listen Read data from stdin. Data must be in order - Name, Tooltip, Icon, Command, InTerm separated by newline. InTerm is a case insensitive boolean constant (TRUE or FALSE). --item-width Set items width. --compact Use compact mode. Icon and name of each item is placed in a single row. --single-click Activate items by single mouse click. This option may not works properly in case of compact mode. --term Pattern for terminal. By default use `xterm -e %s' where %s replaced by the com‐ mand. If both directory and stdin specified, content of iconbox will be read from directory. File selection options --filename=FILENAME Set the filename. --multiple Allow selection of multiple filenames in file selection dialog. --directory Activate directory-only selection. --save Activate save mode. --separator=STRING Specify separator character when returning multiple filenames. --confirm-overwrite[=TEXT] Confirm file selection if filename already exists. Optional argument is a text for confirmation dialog. --file-filter=NAME | PATTERN1 PATTERN2 ... Add a filename filter. NAME is a displayed filter name, PATTERN is a shell-style filename pattern (for example *.txt). This option may be used multiply times. --add-preview Add preview widget to file dialog. Preview images loads from large or normal thumb‐ nails according to XDG Thumbnails specification v0.8.0 (http://standards.freedesk‐ or creates by yad for image files and saves as large thumbnails. --quoted-output Output values will be shell-style quoted. Font selection options --fontname=FONTNAME Set the initial font. FONTNAME is a string with font representation in the form "[FAMILY-LIST] [STYLE-OPTIONS] [SIZE]". --preview Set the preview text. Form options --field=LABEL[:TYPE] Add field to form. Type may be H, RO, NUM, CHK, CB, CBE, FL, SFL, DIR, CDIR, FN, MFL, MDIR, DT, SCL, CLR, BTN, FBTN, LBL or TXT. H - hidden field type. All characters are displayed as the invisible char. RO - field is in read-only mode. NUM - field is a numeric. Initial value format for this field is VALUE[!RANGE[!STEP![PREC]]], where RANGE must be in form MIN..MAX. `!' is a default item separator. PREC is a precision for decimals. CHK - checkbox field. Initial value is a case insensitive boolean constant (TRUE or FALSE). CB - combo-box field. Initial value is a list VAL1!VAL2!.... The separator is the same as in NUM field. Value started with `^' threats as default for combo-box. CBE - editable combo-box field. Initial value same as for combo-box. FL - file selection button. SFL - field for create file. DIR - directory selection button. CDIR - field for create folder. FN - font selection button. Initial value same as in font dialog. MFL - select multiple files. Value of this field is a list of files separated by item-separator. MFL - select multiple folders. Value of this field is a list of folders separated by item-separator. DT - date field. SCL - scale field. Value of this field in a range 0..100. CLR - color selection button. BTN - button field. Label may be in form text in a form LABEL[!ICON[!TOOLTIP]] where `!' is an item separator. LABEL is a text of button label or gtk stock id. ICON is a buttons icon (stock id or file name). TOOLTIP is an optional text for popup help string. Initial value is a command which is running when button is clicked. A special sympols %N in command are replaced by value of field N. If com‐ mand starts with @, the output of command will be parsed and lines started with numbers will be treats as a new field values. FBTN - same as button field, but with full relief of a button. LBL - text label. If field name is empty, horizontal separator line will be shown. TXT - multiline text entry. This field is always occupy all of form width. Without type field will be a simple text entry. --align=TYPE Set alignment of field labels. Possible types are left, center or right. Default is left. --columns=NUMBER Set number of columns in form. Fields will be placed from top to bottom. --separator=STRING Set output separator character. Default is `|'. --item-separator=STRING Set separator character for combo-box or scale values. Default is `!'. --date-format=PATTERN Set the format for the date fields (same as in calendar dialog). --scroll Make form scrollable. --quoted-output Output values will be shell-style quoted. Additional data in command line interprets as a default values for form fields. A special value @disabled makes proper field inactive. List options --column=STRING[:TYPE] Set the column header. Types are TEXT, NUM, FLT, CHK, RD, IMG, HD or TIP. TEXT type is default. Use NUM for integers and FLT for double values. TIP is used for define tooltip column. CHK (checkboxes) and RD (radio toggle) are a boolean col‐ umns. HD type means a hidden column. Such columns are not displayes in the list, only in output. IMG may be path to image or icon name from currnet GTK+ icon theme. Size of icons may be set in config file. Image field prints as empty value. Special column names @fore@, @back@ and @font@ sets corresponding rows attributes. Values of those columns don't show in results. --checklist Use check boxes for first column. --radiolist Use radio toggle for first column. --separator=STRING Set output separator characters. --multiple Allow multiple rows to be selected. --editable Allow changes to text. --no-headers Do not show column headers. --no-click Disable sorting of column content by clicking on its header. --print-all Print all data from the list. --print-column=NUM Specify what column will be printed to standard output. 0 may be used to print all columns (this is default). --hide-column=NUMBER Hide a specific column. --expand-column=NUMBER Set the column expandable by default. 0 sets all columns expandable. --search-column=NUMBER Set the quick search column. 0 mean to disable searching. By default search mades on first column. --limit=NUMBER Set the number of rows in list dialog. Will be shown only the last NUMBER rows. This option will take effect only when data reading from stdin. --ellipsize=TYPE Set ellipsize mode for text columns. TYPE may be NONE, START, MIDDLE or END. --dclick-action=CMD Set the CMD as a double-click command. When user double-clicked on row, CMD will be launched with values of all columns as an arguments. By default double-click selects row and act as OK button for simple lists, set the checkbox if --checklist specified and do nothing when list run with --multiple option. When double-click specified Enter acts as a double-click and Ctrl+Enter acts as an OK button. CMD may contain a special character `%s' for setting a position for arguments. By default arguments will be concatenated to the end of CMD. If CMD starts with @, its output will replace values of current row. This option doesn't work with --editable. --regex-search Use regular expressions in search for text fields. --listen Listen data from stdin even if command-line values was specified. --quoted-output Output values will be shell-style quoted. Sending FormFeed character to list clears it. This symbol may be sent as echo -e '\f'. Multi progress bars dialog options --bar=LABEL[:TYPE] Add progress bar. LABEL is a text label for progress bar. TYPE is a progress bar type. Types are: NORM for normal progress bar, RTL for inverted progress bar and PULSE for pulsate progress bar. --vertical Set vertical orientation of progress bars. --align=TYPE Set alignment of bar labels. Possible types are left, center or right. Default is left. Initial values for bars set as extra arguments. Each lines with progress data passed to stdin must be started from N: where N is a number of progress bar. Rest is the same as in progress dialog. Notebook options --key=KEY Set the key of this notebook. --tab=TEXT Add tab with specified label to notebook. TEXT may be in a form LABEL[!ICON[!TOOLTIP]] where `!' is an item separator. --tab-pos=TYPE Set the tabs position. Value may be top, bottom, left, or right. Default is top. --tab-borders=NUMBER Set the borders width around widget in tabs. See NOTEBOOK section for more about notebook dialog. Notification options --command=CMD Set the command running when clicked on the icon. Default action is quit if --lis‐ ten not specified. --listen Listen for commands on stdin. See NOTIFICATION section. --separator=STRING Set separator character for menu values. Default is |. --item-separator=STRING Set separator character for menu items. Default is !. --menu=STRING Set initial menu for right-click. --no-middle Disable exit on middle click. --hidden Doesn't show icon at startup. See NOTIFICATION section for more about separators. Print options --type=TYPE Set source file type. TYPE may be a TEXT for text files, IMAGE for image files or RAW for files in postscript or pdf formats. --filename=FILENAME Set name or path to the source file. --headers Add headers to the top of page with filename and page number. This option doesn't work for RAW type. --add-preview Add Preview button to the print dialog. This option doesn't work for RAW type. --fontname=FONTNAME Set the font for printing text. FONTNAME is a string with font representation in the form "[FAMILY-LIST] [STYLE-OPTIONS] [SIZE]". This option works only for TEXT type. Progress options When the --progress option is used, yad reads lines of progress data from stdin. When the lines begin with # the text after # is displayed in the progress bar label. Numeric values treats like a persents for progress bar. --progress-text=TEXT Set text in progress bar to TEXT. --percentage=INT Set initial percentage. --rtl Set Right-To-Left progress bar direction. --auto-close Close dialog when 100% has been reached. --auto-kill Kill parent process if cancel button is pressed. --pulsate Pulsate progress bar. --enable-log[=TEXT] Show log window. This window gathers all of lines from stdin, started from # instead of setting appropriate progress labels. Optional argument TEXT is a text label for window expander. --log-on-top Place log window above progress bar. --log-expanded Start with expanded log window. --log-height Set the height of log window. Text options --filename=FILENAME Open specified file. --editable Allow changes to text. --fore=COLOR Set foreground color of text. --back=COLOR Set background color of text. --fontname=FONT Set text font. FONT must be in a Pango font description format. --wrap Enable text wrapping. --justify=TYPE Set justification. TYPE may be left, right, center or fill. Default is left. --margins=SIZE Set text margins to SIZE. --tail Autoscroll to end when new text appears. Works only when text is read from stdin. --show-uri Make URI in text clickable. Links opens with xdg-open command. --listen Listen data from stdin even if filename was specified. Sending FormFeed character to text dialog clears it. This symbol may be sent as echo -e '\f'. Pressing Ctrl+S popups the search entry in text dialog. Scale options --value=VALUE Set initial value. --min-value=VALUE Set minimum value. --max-value=VALUE Set maximum value. --step=VALUE Set step size. --page=VALUE Set paging size. By default page value is STEP*10. --print-partial Print partial values. --hide-value Hide value. --vertical Show vertical scale. --invert Invert scale direction. --mark=[NAME]:VALUE Add a mark to scale. May be used multiply times. NAME is an optional arguments for set label to mark. Miscellaneous options -?, --help Show summary of options. --about Display an about dialog. --version Show version of program. Also the standard GTK+ options are accepted.


Notebook is a complex dialog which swallow other dialogs in his tabs. Dialogs identifies by unique key (integer) and must be runs in a special plug mode (--plug option). Follow‐ ing example runs notebook dialog with two tabs, first has a simple text and second is an entry dialog. #! /bin/sh yad --plug=12345 --tabnum=1 --text="first tab with text" &> res1 & yad --plug=12345 --tabnum=2 --text="second tab" --entry &> res2 & yad --notebook --key=12345 --tab="Tab 1" --tab="Tab 2" The order of output results for tabs is undefined!


Allows commands to be sent to yad in the form command:args. Possible commands are icon, tooltip, visible, action, menu and quit. icon:ICONNAME Set notification icon to ICONNAME. tooltip:STRING Set notification tooltip. visible:[true|false|blink] Set notification icon to visible, invisible or blinking states. action:COMMAND Specify the command running when click on the icon. Special string "quit" exit the program. menu:STRING Set popup menu for notification icon. STRING must be in form name1[!action1[!icon1]]|name2[!action2[!icon2]].... Empty name add separator to menu. Separator character for values (e.g. `|') sets with --separator argument. Separator character for menu items (e.g. `!') sets with --item-separator argument. quit Exit the program. Middle click on icon also send quit command.


YAD_PID This variable sets to the value of current dialog's pid and accessible in all dia‐ log children. YAD_XID This variable sets to the value of current dialog's X Window ID and accessible in all dialog children. This variable is not set in print and notification dialogs, and in a dialogs which acts as a notebook children.


SIGUSR1 Close dialog with 0 exit code. SIGUSR2 Close dialog with 1 exit code.


0 The user has pressed OK button 1 The user has pressed Cancel button 70 The dialog has been closed because the timeout has been reached. 252 The dialog has been closed by pressing Esc or used the window functions to close the dialog Exit codes for user-specified buttons must be specified in command line. Even exit code mean to print result, odd just return exit code.


The look and feel of yad's dialogs can be customized through gtkrc file. Here is the names of yad's widgets: Widget name Widget type Description ───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── yad-dialog-window GtkDialog Dialog window yad-dialog-image GtkImage Dialog image yad-dialog-label GtkLabel Dialog text yad-calendar-widget GtkCalendar Calendar widget yad-color-widget GtkColorChooser Color selection widget yad-color-palette GtkTreeView Predefined colors list yad-entry-label GtkLabel Entry label yad-entry-widget GtkEntry Entry widget yad-entry-spin GtkSpinButton Entry widget for numeric values yad-entry-combo GtkComboBox Entry widget with combo yad-entry-edit-combo GtkComboBoxEntry Entry widget with editable combo yad-file-widget GtkFileChooser File selection widget yad-font-widget GtkFontChooser Font selection widget yad-form-flabel GtkLabel Field label in form yad-form-button GtkButton Button field in form yad-form-entry GtkEntrfy Entry field in form yad-form-spin GtkSpinButton Numeric entry field in form yad-form-check GtkCheckButton Checkbox field in form yad-form-combo GtkComboBox Combo field in form yad-form-edit-combo GtkComboBoxEntry Editable combo field in form yad-form-file GtkFileChooserButton File or directory field in form yad-form-font GtkFontChooserButton Font field in form yad-form-color GtkColorChooserButton Color field in form yad-form-label GtkLabel Label field in form yad-form-scale GtkScale Scale widget in form yad-form-separator GtkSeparator Separator in form yad-form-text GtkTextView Multiline text field in form yad-icons-full GtkIconView Icons widget for normal mode yad-icons-compact GtkTreeView Icons widget for compact mode yad-list-widget GtkTreeView List widget yad-progress-widget GtkProgressBar Progressbar widget yad-scale-widget GtkScale Scale widget yad-text-widget GtkTextView Text info widget yad-timeout-indicator GtkProgreeBar Timeout indicator


yad.conf YAD default settings. yad.conf placed in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME or $HOME/.config direc‐ tory. This file contain comments on every settings and will be automatically recre‐ ated on yad'd start if it doesn't exists.


Display a file selector with the title Select a file to remove. The file selected is returned on standard output. yad --title="Select a file to remove" --file-selection Display a text entry dialog with the title Select Host and the text Select the host you would like to flood-ping. The entered text is returned on standard output. yad --title "Select Host" --entry --text "Select the host you would like to flood- ping" Display a dialog, asking Microsoft Windows has been found! Would you like to remove it?. The return code will be 0 (true in shell) if YES is selected, and 1 (false) if NO is selected. yad --image "dialog-question" --title "Alert" --button=gtk-yes:0 --button=gtk-no:1 --text "Microsoft Windows has been found! Would you like to remove it?" Show the search results in a list dialog with the title Search Results and the text Find‐ ing all header files.... find . -name '*.h' | yad --list --title "Search Results" --text "Finding all header files.." --column "Files" Show an icon in the notification area yad --notification --image=update.png --text "System update necessary!" --command "xterm -e apt-get upgrade" Display a weekly shopping list in a check list dialog with Apples and Oranges pre selected yad --list --checklist --column "Buy" --column "Item" TRUE Apples TRUE Oranges FALSE Pears FALSE Toothpaste Display a progress dialog while searching for all the postscript files in your home direc‐ tory find $HOME -name '*.ps' | yad --progress --pulsate Display a box with all of the installed desktop applications yad --icons --read-dir=/usr/share/applications


There are some developers features providing with YAD. YAD icon browser is a graphical tool for discover icons in current or user-specified GTK+ icon theme. Launch it as yad-icon-browser [theme] When using autoconf you may use special m4 macro AM_PATH_YAD for looking for yad and check it version. Usage of this macro is AM_PATH_YAD([MINIMUM-VERSION],\ [ACTION-IF-FOUND],\ [ACTION-IF-NOT-FOUND])


Yad was written by Victor Ananjevsky <>. Yad icon created by Bogdan Lisovich.


gdialog(1), dialog(1), zenity(1)
February 7, 2014 YAD(1)
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yad(1) referred by
refer to dialog(1) | strftime(3) | zenity(1)