BTRFS(8) - Linux man page online | Administration and privileged commands

A toolbox to manage btrfs filesystems.

BTRFS(8) Btrfs Manual BTRFS(8)


btrfs - a toolbox to manage btrfs filesystems


btrfs <command> [<args>]


The btrfs utility is a toolbox for managing btrfs filesystems. There are command groups to work with subvolumes, devices, for whole filesystem or other specific actions. See section COMMANDS. There are also standalone tools for some tasks like btrfs-convert or btrfstune that were separate historically and/or haven’t been merged to the main utility. See section STANDALONE TOOLS for more details. For other topics (mount options, etc) please refer to the separate manual page btrfs(5).


Any command name can be shortened so long as the shortened form is unambiguous, however, it is recommended to use full command names in scripts. All command groups have their manual page named btrfs-<group>. For example: it is possible to run btrfs sub snaps instead of btrfs subvolume snapshot. But btrfs file s is not allowed, because file s may be interpreted both as filesystem show and as filesystem sync. If the command name is ambiguous, the list of conflicting options is printed. For an overview of a given command use btrfs command --help or btrfs [command...] --help --full to print all available options.


balance Balance btrfs filesystem chunks across single or several devices. See btrfs-balance(8) for details. check Do off-line check on a btrfs filesystem. See btrfs-check(8) for details. device Manage devices managed by btrfs, including add/delete/scan and so on. See btrfs-device(8) for details. filesystem Manage a btrfs filesystem, including label setting/sync and so on. See btrfs-filesystem(8) for details. inspect-internal Debug tools for developers/hackers. See btrfs-inspect-internal(8) for details. property Get/set a property from/to a btrfs object. See btrfs-property(8) for details. qgroup Manage quota group(qgroup) for btrfs filesystem. See btrfs-qgroup(8) for details. quota Manage quota on btrfs filesystem like enabling/rescan and etc. See btrfs-quota(8) and btrfs-qgroup(8) for details. receive Receive subvolume data from stdin/file for restore and etc. See btrfs-receive(8) for details. replace Replace btrfs devices. See btrfs-replace(8) for details. rescue Try to rescue damaged btrfs filesystem. See btrfs-rescue(8) for details. restore Try to restore files from a damaged btrfs filesystem. See btrfs-restore(8) for details. scrub Scrub a btrfs filesystem. See btrfs-scrub(8) for details. send Send subvolume data to stdout/file for backup and etc. See btrfs-send(8) for details. subvolume Create/delete/list/manage btrfs subvolume. See btrfs-subvolume(8) for details.


New functionality could be provided using a standalone tool. If the functionality proves to be useful, then the standalone tool is declared obsolete and its functionality is copied to the main tool. Obsolete tools are removed after a long (years) depreciation period. Tools that are still in active use without an equivalent in btrfs: btrfs-convert in-place conversion from ext2/3/4 filesystems to btrfs btrfstune tweak some filesystem properties on a unmounted filesystem btrfs-select-super rescue tool to overwrite primary superblock from a spare copy btrfs-find-root rescue helper to find tree roots in a filesystem Deprecated and obsolete tools: btrfs-debug-tree moved to btrfs inspect-internal dump-tree btrfs-show-super moved to btrfs inspect-internal dump-super btrfs-zero-log moved to btrfs rescue zero-log


btrfs returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is returned in case of failure.


btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Please refer to the btrfs wiki for further details.


btrfs-balance(8), btrfs-check(8), btrfs-convert(8), btrfs-device(8), btrfs-filesystem(8), btrfs-inspect-internal(8), btrfs-property(8), btrfs-qgroup(8), btrfs-quota(8), btrfs-receive(8), btrfs-replace(8), btrfs-rescue(8), btrfs-restore(8), btrfs-scrub(8), btrfs-send(8), btrfs-subvolume(8), btrfstune(8), mkfs.btrfs(8)
Btrfs v4.15.1 02/16/2018 BTRFS(8)
This manual Reference Other manuals
btrfs(8) referred by btrbk(1) | btrbk.conf(5) | btrfs(5) | btrfs-extent-same(8) | duperemove(8) | fsck.btrfs(8) | guestfish(1) | guestfs(3) | mkfs.btrfs(8) | mksubvolume(8) | show-shared-extents(8) | snapper(8) | ssh_filter_btrbk(1) | Sys::Guestfs(3pm) | systemd-gpt-auto-generator(8) | systemd-nspawn(1) | virt-resize(1)
refer to btrfs(5) | btrfs-balance(8) | btrfs-check(8) | btrfs-convert(8) | btrfs-device(8) | btrfs-filesystem(8) | btrfs-inspect-internal(8) | btrfs-property(8) | btrfs-qgroup(8) | btrfs-quota(8) | btrfs-receive(8) | btrfs-replace(8) | btrfs-rescue(8) | btrfs-restore(8) | btrfs-scrub(8) | btrfs-send(8) | btrfs-subvolume(8) | btrfstune(8) | mkfs.btrfs(8)
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