SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

JACKD(1) - Linux man page online | User commands

JACK Audio Connection Kit sound server.

Chapter
February 2018
JACKD(1) JACKD(1)

NAME

jackd - JACK Audio Connection Kit sound server

SYNOPSIS

jackd [options] -d backend [backend-parameters] jackd --help

DESCRIPTION

jackd is the JACK audio server daemon, a low-latency audio server. Originally written for the GNU/Linux operating system, it also supports Mac OS X and various Unix platforms. JACK can connect a number of different client applications to an audio device and also to each other. Most clients are external, running in their own processes as normal applica‐ tions. JACK also supports internal clients, which run within the jackd process using a loadable "plugin" interface. JACK differs from other audio servers in being designed from the ground up for profes‐ sional audio work. It focuses on two key areas: synchronous execution of all clients, and low latency operation. For the latest JACK information, please consult the web site, <http://www.jackaudio.org>.

OPTIONS

-d, --driver backend [backend-parameters ] Select the audio interface backend. The current list of supported backends is: alsa, coreaudio, dummy, freebob, oss sun and portaudio. They are not all available on all platforms. All backend-parameters are optional. -h, --help Print a brief usage message describing the main jackd options. These do not include backend-parameters, which are listed using the --help option for each spe‐ cific backend. Examples below show how to list them. -m, --no-mlock Do not attempt to lock memory, even if --realtime. -n, --name server-name Name this jackd instance server-name. If unspecified, this name comes from the $JACK_DEFAULT_SERVER environment variable. It will be "default" if that is not defined. -p, --port-max n Set the maximum number of ports the JACK server can manage. The default value is 256. --replace-registry Remove the shared memory registry used by all JACK server instances before startup. This should rarely be used, and is intended only for occasions when the structure of this registry changes in ways that are incompatible across JACK versions (which is rare). -R, --realtime Use realtime scheduling (default = true). This is needed for reliable low-latency performance. On many systems, it requires jackd to run with special scheduler and memory allocation privileges, which may be obtained in several ways. -r, --no-realtime Do not use realtime scheduling. -P, --realtime-priority int When running --realtime, set the scheduler priority to int. --silent Silence any output during operation. -T, --temporary Exit once all clients have closed their connections. -t, --timeout int Set client timeout limit in milliseconds. The default is 500 msec. In realtime mode the client timeout must be smaller than the watchdog timeout (5000 msec). -Z, --nozombies Prevent JACK from ever kicking out clients because they were too slow. This can‐ cels the effect any specified timeout value, but JACK and its clients are still subject to the supervision of the watchdog thread or its equivalent. -C, --internal-session-file internal-session-file Load internal clients and connections from internal-session-file. Each line of this configuration file starts with a command. The following commands are avail‐ able: l(oad) client-name lib-name client-args With this command an internal JACK client will be instantiated. client-name and lib-name cannot contain spaces. The rest of the line will be interpreted as client-args and sent to the client library. c(on) source-port destination-port With this command a source port will be connected to a destination port. source- port and destination-port cannot contain spaces. Comments are allowed, they start with #. An example configuration could look like the following: l inprocess1 inprocess l amp1 jalv http://lv2plug.in/plugins/eg-amp c amp:out system:playback_1 -u, --unlock Unlock libraries GTK+, QT, FLTK, Wine. -v, --verbose Give verbose output. -c, --clocksource ( h(pet) | s(ystem) ) Select a specific wall clock (HPET timer, System timer). -V, --version Print the current JACK version number and exit. ALSA BACKEND OPTIONS -C, --capture [ name ] Provide only capture ports, unless combined with -D or -P. Parameterally set cap‐ ture device name. -d, --device name The ALSA pcm device name to use. If none is specified, JACK will use "hw:0", the first hardware card defined in /etc/modules.conf. -z, --dither [rectangular,triangular,shaped,none] Set dithering mode. If none or unspecified, dithering is off. Only the first let‐ ter of the mode name is required. -D, --duplex Provide both capture and playback ports. Defaults to on unless only one of -P or -C is specified. -h, --help Print a brief usage message describing only the alsa backend parameters. -M, --hwmeter Enable hardware metering for devices that support it. Otherwise, use software metering. -H, --hwmon Enable hardware monitoring of capture ports. This is a method for obtaining "zero latency" monitoring of audio input. It requires support in hardware and from the underlying ALSA device driver. When enabled, requests to monitor capture ports will be satisfied by creating a direct signal path between audio interface input and output connectors, with no processing by the host computer at all. This offers the lowest possible latency for the monitored signal. Presently (March 2003), only the RME Hammerfall series and cards based on the ICE1712 chipset (M-Audio Delta series, Terratec, and others) support --hwmon. In the future, some consumer cards may also be supported by modifying their mixer set‐ tings. Without --hwmon, port monitoring requires JACK to read audio into system memory, then copy it back out to the hardware again, imposing the basic JACK system latency determined by the --period and --nperiods parameters. -i, --inchannels int Number of capture channels. Default is maximum supported by hardware. -I --input-latency Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0) -n, --nperiods int Specify the number of periods of playback latency. In seconds, this corresponds to --nperiods times --period divided by --rate. The default is 2, the minimum allow‐ able. For most devices, there is no need for any other value with the --realtime option. Without realtime privileges or with boards providing unreliable interrupts (like ymfpci), a larger value may yield fewer xruns. This can also help if the system is not tuned for reliable realtime scheduling. For most ALSA devices, the hardware buffer has exactly --period times --nperiods frames. Some devices demand a larger buffer. If so, JACK will use the smallest possible buffer containing at least --nperiods, but the playback latency does not increase. For USB audio devices it is recommended to use -n 3. Firewire devices supported by FFADO (formerly Freebob) are configured with -n 3 by default. -o, --outchannels int Number of playback channels. Default is maximum supported by hardware. -O --output-latency Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0) -P, --playback [ name ] Provide only playback ports, unless combined with -D or -C. Optionally set play‐ back device name. -p, --period int Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by --rate. -r, --rate int Specify the sample rate. The default is 48000. -S, --shorts Try to configure card for 16-bit samples first, only trying 32-bits if unsuccess‐ ful. Default is to prefer 32-bit samples. -s, --softmode Ignore xruns reported by the ALSA driver. This makes JACK less likely to discon‐ nect unresponsive ports when running without --realtime. -X, --midi [seq|raw] Specify which ALSA MIDI system to provide access to. Using raw will provide a set of JACK MIDI ports that correspond to each raw ALSA device on the machine. Using seq will provide a set of JACK MIDI ports that correspond to each ALSA "sequencer" client (which includes each hardware MIDI port on the machine). raw provides slightly better performance but does not permit JACK MIDI communication with soft‐ ware written to use the ALSA "sequencer" API. COREAUDIO BACKEND PARAMETERS -c --channels Maximum number of channels (default: 2) -i --inchannels Maximum number of input channels (default: 2) -o --outchannels Maximum number of output channels (default: 2) -C --capture Whether or not to capture (default: true) -P --playback Whether or not to playback (default: true) -D --monitor Provide monitor ports for the output (default: false) -D --duplex Capture and playback (default: true) -r --rate Sample rate (default: 44100) -p --period Frames per period (default: 128). Must be a power of 2. -d --device CoreAudio device name (default: none) -I --input-latency Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0) -O --output-latency Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0) -l --list-devices Display available CoreAudio devices (default: false) -H --hog Take exclusive access of the audio device (default: false) -L --async-latency Extra output latency in asynchronous mode (percent) (default: 100) -G --grain Computation grain in RT thread (percent) (default: 100) -s --clock-drift Whether to compensate clock drift in dynamically created aggregate device (default: false) DUMMY BACKEND PARAMETERS -C, --capture int Specify number of capture ports. The default value is 2. -P, --playback int Specify number of playback ports. The default value is 2. -r, --rate int Specify sample rate. The default value is 48000. -p, --period int Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by --rate. -w, --wait int Specify number of usecs to wait between engine processes. The default value is 21333. NETONE BACKEND PARAMETERS -i, --audio-ins int Number of capture channels (default: 2) -o, --audio-outs int Number of playback channels (default: 2) -I, --midi-ins int Number of midi capture channels (default: 1) -O, --midi-outs int Number of midi playback channels (default: 1) -r, --rate int Sample rate (default: 48000) -p, --period int Frames per period (default: 1024) -n, --num-periods int Network latency setting in no. of periods (default: 5) -l, --listen-port int The socket port we are listening on for sync packets (default: 3000) -f, --factor int Factor for sample rate reduction (default: 1) -u, --upstream-factor int Factor for sample rate reduction on the upstream (default: 0) -c, --celt int sets celt encoding and number of kbits per channel (default: 0) -b, --bit-depth int Sample bit-depth (0 for float, 8 for 8bit and 16 for 16bit) (default: 0) -t, --transport-sync int Whether to slave the transport to the master transport (default: true) -a, --autoconf int Whether to use Autoconfig, or just start. (default: true) -R, --redundancy int Send packets N times (default: 1) -e, --native-endian int Don't convert samples to network byte order. (default: false) -J, --jitterval int attempted jitterbuffer microseconds on master (default: 0) -D, --always-deadline int always use deadline (default: false) OSS BACKEND PARAMETERS -r, --rate int Specify the sample rate. The default is 48000. -p, --period int Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by --rate. -n, --nperiods int Specify the number of periods in the hardware buffer. The default is 2. The period size (-p) times --nperiods times four is the JACK buffer size in bytes. The JACK output latency in seconds is --nperiods times --period divided by --rate. -w, --wordlength int Specify the sample size in bits. The default is 16. -i, --inchannels int Specify how many channels to capture (default: 2) -o, --outchannels int Specify number of playback channels (default: 2) -C, --capture device_file Specify input device for capture (default: /dev/dsp) -P, --playback device_file Specify output device for playback (default: /dev/dsp) -b, --ignorehwbuf boolean Specify, whether to ignore hardware period size (default: false) -I --input-latency Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0) -O --output-latency Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0) SUN BACKEND PARAMETERS -r, --rate int Specify the sample rate. The default is 48000. -p, --period int Specify the number of frames between JACK process() calls. This value must be a power of 2, and the default is 1024. If you need low latency, set -p as low as you can go without seeing xruns. A larger period size yields higher latency, but makes xruns less likely. The JACK capture latency in seconds is --period divided by --rate. -n, --nperiods int Specify the number of periods in the hardware buffer. The default is 2. The period size (-p) times --nperiods times four (assuming 2 channels 16-bit samples) is the JACK buffer size in bytes. The JACK output latency in seconds is --nperiods times --period divided by --rate. -w, --wordlength int Specify the sample size in bits. The default is 16. -i, --inchannels int Specify how many channels to capture (default: 2) -o, --outchannels int Specify number of playback channels (default: 2) -C, --capture device_file Specify input device for capture (default: /dev/audio) -P, --playback device_file Specify output device for playback (default: /dev/audio) -b, --ignorehwbuf boolean Specify, whether to ignore hardware period size (default: false) PORTAUDIO BACKEND PARAMETERS -c --channel Maximum number of channels (default: all available hardware channels) -i --channelin Maximum number of input channels (default: all available hardware channels) -I --input-latency Extra input latency (frames) (default: 0) -o --channelout Maximum number of output channels (default: all available hardware channels) -O --output-latency Extra output latency (frames) (default: 0) -C --capture Whether or not to capture (default: true) -P --playback Whether or not to playback (default: true) -D --duplex Capture and playback (default: true) -r --rate Sample rate (default: 48000) -p --period Frames per period (default: 1024). Must be a power of 2. -n --name Driver name (default: none) -z --dither Dithering mode (default: none)

EXAMPLES

Print usage message for the parameters specific to each backend. jackd -d alsa --help jackd -d coreaudio --help jackd -d net --help jackd -d dummy --help jackd -d firewire --help jackd -d freebob --help jackd -d oss --help jackd -d sun --help jackd -d portaudio --help Run the JACK daemon with realtime priority using the first ALSA hardware card defined in /etc/modules.conf. jackstart --realtime --driver=alsa Run the JACK daemon with low latency giving verbose output, which can be helpful for trou‐ ble-shooting system latency problems. A reasonably well-tuned system with a good sound card and a low-latency kernel can handle these values reliably. Some can do better. If you get xrun messages, try a larger buffer. Tuning a system for low latency can be chal‐ lenging. The JACK FAQ, http://jackit.sourceforge.net/docs/faq.php has some useful sugges‐ tions. jackstart -Rv -d alsa -p 128 -n 2 -r 44100 Run jackd with realtime priority using the "sblive" ALSA device defined in ~/.asoundrc. Apply shaped dithering to playback audio. jackd -R -d alsa -d sblive --dither=shaped Run jackd with no special privileges using the second ALSA hardware card defined in /etc/modules.conf. Any xruns reported by the ALSA backend will be ignored. The larger buffer helps reduce data loss. Rectangular dithering will be used for playback. jackd -d alsa -d hw:1 -p2048 -n3 --softmode -zr Run jackd in full-duplex mode using the ALSA hw:0,0 device for playback and the hw:0,2 device for capture. jackd -d alsa -P hw:0,0 -C hw:0,2 Run jackd in playback-only mode using the ALSA hw:0,0 device. jackd -d alsa -P hw:0,0

ENVIRONMENT

JACK is evolving a mechanism for automatically starting the server when needed. Any client started without a running JACK server will attempt to start one itself using the command line found in the first line of $HOME/.jackdrc if it exists, or /etc/jackdrc if it does not. If neither file exists, a built-in default command will be used, including the -T flag, which causes the server to shut down when all clients have exited. As a transition, this only happens when $JACK_START_SERVER is defined in the environment of the calling process. In the future this will become normal behavior. In either case, defining $JACK_NO_START_SERVER disables this feature. To change where JACK looks for the backend drivers, set $JACK_DRIVER_DIR. $JACK_DEFAULT_SERVER specifies the default server name. If not defined, the string "default" is used. If set in their respective environments, this affects jackd unless its --name parameter is set, and all JACK clients unless they pass an explicit name to jack_client_open(). Defining $JACK_NO_AUDIO_RESERVATION will bypass audio device reservation via session bus (DBus). This can be useful if JACK was compiled with DBus support but should run on a headless system. $JACK_PROMISCUOUS_SERVER enables an alternate way of handling the various shared resources (Unix sockets, semaphores, ...). In this mode, the generated names will not contain the user id anymore, and the permissions of those resources will be relaxed, allowing clients from different users to talk with the same server. Moreover, on platforms that support it (all POSIX variants), if set to a valid Unix group name or id, the permissions will be restricted to that group, so only members of that group will be able to launch clients that talk to this server. Important note: it must be set with the same value for both server and clients to work as expected. SEE ALSO: http://www.jackaudio.org The official JACK website with news, docs and a list of JACK clients. http://jackaudio.org/email The JACK developers' mailing list. Subscribe, to take part in development of JACK or JACK clients. User questions are also welcome, there is no user-specific mailing list. http://www.jackosx.com/ Tools specific to the Mac OS X version of JACK. http://www.alsa-project.org The Advanced Linux Sound Architecture.

BUGS

Please report bugs to http://trac.jackaudio.org/

AUTHORS

Architect and original implementor: Paul Davis Original design Group: Paul Davis, David Olofson, Kai Vehmanen, Benno Sennoner, Richard Guenther, and other members of the Linux Audio Developers group. Programming: Paul Davis, Jack O'Quin, Taybin Rutkin, Stephane Letz, Fernando Pablo Lopez- Lezcano, Steve Harris, Jeremy Hall, Andy Wingo, Kai Vehmanen, Melanie Thielker, Jussi Laako, Tilman Linneweh, Johnny Petrantoni, Torben Hohn. Manpage written by Stefan Schwandter, Jack O'Quin and Alexandre Prokoudine.
1.9.12 February 2018 JACKD(1)
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