SIMPLE SOLUTIONS

VIPW(8) - man page online | administration and privileged commands

Edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file.

Chapter
05/16/2017
VIPW(8)                             System Management Commands                            VIPW(8)

NAME

vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file

SYNOPSIS

vipw [options] vigr [options]

DESCRIPTION

The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and /etc/group, respectively. With the -s flag, they will edit the shadow versions of those files, /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow, respectively. The programs will set the appropriate locks to prevent file corruption. When looking for an editor, the programs will first try the environment variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable $EDITOR, and finally the default editor, vi(1).

OPTIONS

The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are: -g, --group Edit group database. -h, --help Display help message and exit. -p, --passwd Edit passwd database. -q, --quiet Quiet mode. -R, --root CHROOT_DIR Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory. -s, --shadow Edit shadow or gshadow database.

ENVIRONMENT

VISUAL Editor to be used. EDITOR Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.

FILES

/etc/group Group account information. /etc/gshadow Secure group account information. /etc/passwd User account information. /etc/shadow Secure user account information.

SEE ALSO

vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).
shadow-utils 4.2 05/16/2017 VIPW(8)
This manual Reference Other manuals
vipw(8) referred by cpgr(8) | cppw(8) | sync-accounts(5) | sync-accounts(8) | visudo(8)
refer to group(5) | gshadow(5) | passwd(5) | shadow(5) | vi(1posix)