VNSTAT.CONF(5) - Linux man page online | File formats

VnStat configuration file.

MARCH 2018


vnstat.conf - vnStat configuration file




vnstat(1), vnstati(1) and vnstatd(1) all use the same configuration file for configuration related settings. Some of the settings are common for all three programs. The file con‐ sists of keyword-argument pairs, one per line. Empty lines and lines starting with '#´ are interpreted as comments and not processed. Arguments may optionally be enclosed in double quotes (") in order to represent arguments containing spaces. Arguments can be padded with spaces or tabulator characters. A hardcoded default value will be used if a keyword can't be found from the configuration file. The configuration file is divided into three sections based on the usage of each keyword. The first section contains keywords that are considered generic for all commands, the sec‐ ond section is for daemon related keywords and the last section is for image output.


BandwidthDetection Try to automatically detect MaxBandwidth value for each monitored interface. Mostly only ethernet interfaces support this feature. MaxBandwidth or interface specific MaxBW will be used as fallback value if detection fails. 1 = enabled, 0 = dis‐ abled. (vnstat and vnstatd only) BootVariation Time in seconds how much the boot time reported by system kernel can variate between updates. Value range: 0..300 CheckDiskSpace Enable or disable the availability check of at least some free disk space before a database write. 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled. DatabaseDir Specifies the directory where interface databases are to be stored. A full path must be given and a leading '/' isn't required. DayFormat, MonthFormat, TopFormat Formatting of date in available outputs. Uses the same format as date(1). (vnstat and vnstati only) DefaultDecimals Number of decimals to use in outputs. Value range: 0..2 (vnstat and vnstati only) HourlyDecimals Number of decimals to use in hourly output. Value range: 0..2 (vnstat only) HourlySectionStyle Select what kind of spacer is used for separating the numerical sections of the hourly output. 0 = none, 1 = '|', 2 = '][', 3 = '[ ]'. (vnstat only) Interface Default interface used when no other interface is specified on the command line. (vnstat and vnstati only) Locale Locale setting to be used for prints. This replaces the LC_ALL environment vari‐ able. Set to "-" or leave empty in order to use the system default value. (vnstat and vnstati only) MaxBandwidth Maximum bandwidth for all interfaces. If the interface specific traffic exceeds the given value then the data is assumed to be invalid and rejected. Set to 0 in order to disable the feature. Value range: 0..50000 (vnstat and vnstatd only) MaxBW Same as MaxBandwidth but can be used for setting individual limits for selected interfaces. The name of the interface is specified directly after the MaxBW keyword without spaces. For example MaxBWeth0 for eth0 and MaxBWppp0 for ppp0. Value range: 0..50000 (vnstat and vnstatd only) MonthRotate Day of month that months are expected to change. Usually set to 1 but can be set to alternative values for example for tracking monthly billed traffic where the billing period doesn't start on the first day. Value range: 1..28 (vnstat and vnstatd only) OutputStyle Modify the content and style of text outputs. 0 = minimal and narrow output for terminal with limited width, 1 = normal output with bar column visible, 2 = same as 1 except rate is visible in summary and weekly outputs, 3 = rate column is visible in all outputs where it is supported. (vnstat and vnstati only) QueryMode Default query mode when no parameters are given. 0 = normal, 1 = days, 2 = months, 3 = top10, 4 = exportdb, 5 = short, 6 = weeks, 7 = hours and 8 = xml. (vnstat only) RateUnit Select which unit is used when traffic rate is visible. 0 = bytes, 1 = bits. (vnstat and vnstati only) RateUnitMode Select used prefix when traffic rate is visible in bits per second. 0 = IEC binary prefixes (Kibit/s...), 1 = SI decimal prefixes (kbit/s...). (vnstat and vnstati only) RXCharacter, TXCharacter Character used for representing the percentual share of received and transmitted traffic in daily output. (vnstat only) RXHourCharacter, TXHourCharacter Character used for representing the percentual share of received and transmitted traffic in hourly output. (vnstat only) Sampletime Defines how many seconds the -tr option will sample traffic. Value range: 2..600 (vnstat only) TrafficlessDays Log days without any traffic to daily list. 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled. (vnstat and vnstatd only) UnitMode Select how units are prefixed. This will option changes only the prefix, not how traffic is calculated. 0 = IEC standard prefixes (KiB/MiB/GiB/TiB), 1 = old style binary prefixes (KB/MB/GB/TB). (vnstat and vnstati only) UseFileLocking Enable or disable the use of file locking during database access. Disabling file locking may cause database corruption if several processes are trying to write to the file at the same time.
BandwidthDetectionInterval How often in minutes interface specific detection of MaxBandwidth is done for detecting possible changes when BandwidthDetection is enabled. Can be disabled by setting to 0. Value range: 0..30 CreateDirs Enable or disable the creation of directories when a configured path doesn't exist. This includes DatabaseDir , LogFile and PidFile directories. The LogFile directory will be created only when UseLogging has been set to 1. The PidFile directory will be created only if the daemon is started as a background process. The daemon process will try to create the directory using permissions of the user used to start the process. DaemonGroup Specify the user to which the daemon process will switch during startup. The user can either be the name of the group or a numerical group id. Leave empty to dis‐ able the group switch. This option can only be used when the process is started as root. DaemonUser Specify the user to which the daemon process will switch during startup. The user can either be the login of the user or a numerical user id. Leave empty to disable the user switch. This option can only be used when the process is started as root. LogFile Specify log file path and name to be used if UseLogging is set to 1. OfflineSaveInterval How often in minutes cached interface data is saved to file when all monitored interfaces are offline. Value range: SaveInterval..60 PidFile Specify pid file path and name to be used. PollInterval How often in seconds interfaces are checked for status changes. Value range: 2..60 SaveInterval How often in minutes cached interface data is saved to file. Value range: ( UpdateInterval / 60 )..60 SaveOnStatusChange Enable or disable the additional saving to file of cached interface data when the availability of an interface changes, i.e., when an interface goes offline or comes online. 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled. TimeSyncWait How many minutes to wait during daemon startup for system clock to sync if most recent database update appears to be in the future. This may be needed in systems without a real-time clock (RTC) which require some time after boot to query and set the correct time. 0 = wait disabled. Value range: 0..60 UpdateFileOwner Enable or disable the update of file ownership during daemon process startup or during manual creation of new databases. During daemon startup, only database, log and pid files will be modified if the user or group change feature ( DaemonUser or DaemonGroup ) is enabled and the files don't match the requested user or group. During manual database creation, this option will cause file ownership to be inher‐ ited from the database directory if the directory already exists. This option only has effect when the process is started as root or via sudo. UpdateInterval How often in seconds the interface data is updated. Value range: PollInterval..300 UseLogging Enable or disable logging. 0 = disabled, 1 = logfile and 2 = syslog.
CBackground Background color. CEdge Edge color if visible. CHeader Header background color. CHeaderTitle Header title text color. CHeaderDate Header date text color. CLine Line color. CLineL Lighter version of line color. Set to '-' in order to use a calculated value based on CLine. CRx Color for received data. CRxD Darker version of received data color. Set to '-' in order to use a calculated value based on CRx. CText Common text color. CTx Color for transmitted data. CTxD Darker version of transmitted data color. Set to '-' in order to use a calculated value based on CTx. HeaderFormat Formatting of date in header. Uses the same format as date(1). HourlyRate Show hours with rate instead of transferred amount. 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled. SummaryLayout Select the used layout of the summary output. 1 = layout introduced in version 1.8 with monthly traffic included, 0 = layout used before version 1.8, doesn't contain monthly traffic and doesn't support average rate. SummaryRate Show rate in summary output if available. 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled. TransparentBg Set background color as transparent. 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled.


/etc/vnstat.conf Config file that will be used unless $HOME/.vnstatrc exists or alternative value is given as command line parameter.


Using long date output formats may cause misalignment in shown columns if the length of the date exceeds the fixed size allocation.


Teemu Toivola <tst at iki dot fi>


vnstat(1), vnstati(1), vnstatd(1), units(7)
version 1.18 MARCH 2018 VNSTAT.CONF(5)
This manual Reference Other manuals
vnstat.conf(5) referred by vnstat(1) | vnstatd(1) | vnstati(1)
refer to date(1) | units(7) | vnstat(1) | vnstatd(1) | vnstati(1)
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