IOCTL(2) - Linux man page online | System calls
IOCTL(2) Linux Programmer's Manual IOCTL(2)
Linux 2017-05-03 IOCTL(2)
NAMEioctl - control device
SYNOPSIS#include <sys/ioctl.h> int ioctl(int fd, unsigned long request, ...);
DESCRIPTIONThe ioctl() system call manipulates the underlying device parameters of special files. In particular, many operating characteristics of character special files (e.g., terminals) may be controlled with ioctl() requests. The argument fd must be an open file descriptor. The second argument is a device-dependent request code. The third argument is an untyped pointer to memory. It's traditionally char *argp (from the days before void * was valid C), and will be so named for this discussion. An ioctl() request has encoded in it whether the argument is an in parameter or out param‐ eter, and the size of the argument argp in bytes. Macros and defines used in specifying an ioctl() request are located in the file <sys/ioctl.h>.
RETURN VALUEUsually, on success zero is returned. A few ioctl() requests use the return value as an output parameter and return a nonnegative value on success. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
ERRORSEBADF fd is not a valid file descriptor. EFAULT argp references an inaccessible memory area. EINVAL request or argp is not valid. ENOTTY fd is not associated with a character special device. ENOTTY The specified request does not apply to the kind of object that the file descriptor fd references.
CONFORMING TONo single standard. Arguments, returns, and semantics of ioctl() vary according to the device driver in question (the call is used as a catch-all for operations that don't cleanly fit the UNIX stream I/O model). See ioctl_list(2) for a list of many of the known ioctl() calls. The ioctl() system call appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.
NOTESIn order to use this call, one needs an open file descriptor. Often the open(2) call has unwanted side effects, that can be avoided under Linux by giving it the O_NONBLOCK flag.
SEE ALSOexecve(2), fcntl(2), ioctl_console(2), ioctl_fat(2), ioctl_ficlonerange(2), ioctl_fid‐ eduperange(2), ioctl_getfsmap(2), ioctl_iflags(2), ioctl_list(2), ioctl_ns(2), ioctl_tty(2), ioctl_userfaultfd(2), open(2), sd(4), tty(4)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.
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|refer to||execve(2) | fcntl(2) | ioctl_console(2) | ioctl_fat(2) | ioctl_ficlonerange(2) | ioctl_getfsmap(2) | ioctl_iflags(2) | ioctl_list(2) | ioctl_ns(2) | ioctl_tty(2) | ioctl_userfaultfd(2) | open(2) | sd(4) | tty(4)|